Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 37 issue 4 (december 2018) : 335-338

Effect of maturity stages on shelf life of papaya (Carica papaya L.)

R.V. Patil, V.R. Patil, C.V. Pujari
1Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Dhule-424 004, Maharashtra, India.
Cite article:- Patil R.V., Patil V.R., Pujari C.V. (2018). Effect of maturity stages on shelf life of papaya (Carica papaya L.). Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 37(4): 335-338. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1340.
An experiment using cv. Taiwan was 786 laid out in factorial completely randomized design with thirty treatments and three replications was, carried out at Laboratory of Horticulture Section, College of Agriculture, Dhule (M.S.) during 2017. The experiment comprised of three factors viz. two maturity stages (25% mature and 50% mature), dipping them in aqueous solutions of spermine (1.0 mM and 2.0 mM) and calcium lactate (1% and 2%) for 5 minutes and drying for 30 minutes at room temperature, three packaging materials (newspaper, shrink film and polyethylene bags) were used. Results indicated a significant impact of interaction among maturity stages, spermine and calcium lactate and packaging material on all parameters included in the study. When considered interaction, twenty five percent mature fruits dipped in (2.0 mM) spermine with shrink packaging had the minimum physiological loss in weight. This treatment also recorded the maximum peel to pulp ratio, fruit firmness. The maximum shelf life of 16 days without sacrificing organoleptic quality by manipulating the time of harvesting, packaging and application of spermine.
  1. Ahmad, Saeed, Thompson, A.K., Ahmad, Ishfaq, Hafiz and Ali, Ashghar (2001). Effect of temperature on the ripening behavior and quality of banana fruit.Int. J. of Agric. & Bio.,3 (2):224-227.
  2. Azene M, Workneh TS, Woldetsadik K (2011). Effects of different packaging materials and storage environment on postharvest quality of papaya fruit. J. Food Sci. Technol. DOI 10.1007/s13197-011-0607-6.
  3. Bron, H. U. and Jacomino, P. (2006). Ripening and quality of ‘Golden’ papaya fruit harvested at different maturity stages. Braz. J. Plant Physio.,18(3): 389-396.
  4. Caron, V. C., Chitolina, G. M. and Jacomino, A. P. (2013). Influence of low temperature storage on the postharvest quality of papaya fruit (Carica papaya L.). Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 126: 200-202.
  5. Champa, Harindra W. A., Gill, M. I. S., Mahajan, B. V. C. and Bedi Seema (2015).Exogenous treatment of spermine to maintain quality and extend postharvest life of table grapes (Vitisvinifera L.) cv. Flame Seedless under low temperature storage. Food Sci. and Tech.,60: 412-415.
  6. Gajanana, T.M., Sudha, M., Saxena, A.K. and Dakshinamoorthy, V. (2010). Post-harvest handling, marketing and assessment of losses in papaya. Acta Hort., 851: 519-526.
  7. Gonge, A. P., Patel, N. L., Ahlawat, T. R. and Patil, S. J. (2014). Influence of harvesting maturity and low temperature storage on shelf life and quality of banana cv. Grand Naine. Indian J. Hort., 71 (3): 441-445.
  8. Kramer, G. F., Wang, C. Y. and Conway, W. S. (1989). Correlation of reduced softening and increased polyamine levels during low oxygen storage of ‘Mcintosh’ apples. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 114: 942-946.
  9. Malik A.U and Zora Singh (2006).Improved fruit retention, yield and fruit quality in mango with exogenous application of polyamines. Scientia Horticulturae 110:167–174.
  10. Manganaris, G. A., Vasilakakis, M., Diamantidis, G., and Mignani, I., (2007). The effect of postharvest calcium application on tissue calcium concentration, quality attributes, incidence of flesh browning and cell wall physicochemical aspects of peach fruits. Food Chem. 100: 1385–1392.
  11. Manganaris, G. A., Vasilakakis M., I. Mignani, G. Diamantidis, and K. Tzavella-klonari. 2005. The effect of pre-harvest calcium sprays on quality attributes physic-chemical aspects of cell wall components and susceptibility to brown rot of peach fruit. Scientia Horticulturae 107: 43–50.
  12. Martinez-Romero, D., Valero, D., Serrano, M., Burlo, F., Carbonell, A, Burgos L. and Riquelme, F. (2000).Exogenous polyamines and gibberellic acid effects on peach (Prunus persica L.) storability improvement. J. Food Sci., 65: 288-294.
  13. Panse, V. G. and P. V. Sukhatme (1995).Statistical method for Agricultural Workers, 4th Edition. I. C. A. R., New Delhi. 58-152.
  14. Ponappa T., Scheerens, J. C. and Miller, A. R. (1993).Vaccum infiltration of polyamines increases firmness of strawberry slices under various storage conditions. J. Food Sci., 58: 361-364.
  15. Premlata (2009). Post-harvest management of papaya cv. Taiwan Red Lady. M. Sc. (Horti.) Thesis submitted to Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari.
  16. Purwoko, B. S., Kesmayanti, N., Susanto, S. and Zein Nasution M. (1998). Effect of polyamines in quality changes of papaya and mango fruits. Acta.Hort., 464.
  17. Rahman, M. M., Moniruzzaman, M., Ahmad, M.R., Sarkar, B. C. and Alam, M. K. (2014). Maturity stages affect the postharvest quality and shelf-life of fruits of strawberry genotypes growing in subtropical regions. J. Saudi Soc. Agri. Sci., 10: 1-10.
  18. Ren, X. L., Ma, F. W. and Wang, F. (1995).Effect of spermidine on ethylene and respiration of plum.Pl.Physio. Comm., 31: 400-411.
  19. Rico A.B, Martin-Diana, D., Barry-Ryan, C., Frias, J.M., Mulcahy, J. and Henehan, G.T.M. (2006).Effect of calcium lactate concentration and temperature washing treatments on quality retention of salad-cut Iceberg lettuce. Food Research International, 38: 729–740.
  20. Serry, N. K. H. (2011). Post-harvest handling of solo papaya fruits harvested at different maturity stages. Ame.Eru. J. Agric. Env. Sci., 11 (2): 205-210. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)