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Probiotics from food and eubiosis in Gut: a commensalism

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1267    | Article Id: DR-1267 | Page : 28-34
Citation :- Probiotics from food and eubiosis in Gut: a commensalism.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2018.(37):28-34
Sucheta, Rakesh Gehlot and Simran Arora suchetakkr@gmail.com
Address : Centre of Food Science and Technology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 17-06-2017
Accepted Date : 18-01-2018

Abstract

Micro-organisms are not only pathogenic but also commensal to humans and are associated with many tissues. They show commensalism by excluding or inhibiting pathogens in intestine lumen or they can improve gut barrier by inducing mucin secretion, defensin production and enhancing tight junctions stability. They can also improve immune system modulation. This may be due to activation of certain signaling pathways by probiotic bacteria which enhance adaptive immunity. Advances on the knowledge of inter-relationships between strain specificity, molecular basis of mechanism of action, host cell factors including its genetic makeup can help to determine potential benefits derived from intake of probiotic food supplements.

Keywords

GALT (gut associated lymphoid tissue) GI tract Immunomodulation Mucin Probiotic.

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