The study was conducted in eight villages of four interior mandals having low rainfall (500–750 mm) in Ananthapur a drought prone district of Andhra Pradesh. A household survey was conducted to screen the families having atleast one women of child bearing age from the eight selected villages of the four mandals. A total of 120 families were selected for the study of which 60 families were JRY beneficiary families' where at least one member of the family was being employed under JRY scheme and 60 families were Non-JRY beneficiary families. The study showed that the additional income gained by the landless labourer families during the lean season from Jawahar Rojgar Yojana (JRY) programme had beneficial effect (though not significant) on the nutritional status as assessed by the anthropometric measurements as well as clinical nutritional status in women of JRY beneficiary families. The results indicated the past malnutritional status of the population in Ananthapur district because of the repeated and prolonged droughts.