Emergency of milk cooperatives at the village levels has brought in an integrated approach to the dairy scenario in our country. With this view in the background, a case study was conducted in Bareilly district of U.P. and all the members of two milk cooperatives falling in one of the milk-routes of the district were selected purposively. The main objective was to assess the impact of milk cooperative on socio-economic status of the members. The results of the study revealed that average milk production by the successful society members and unsuccessful society members was 7.78 and 3.93 litres per day. The members of the successful society on an average consumed 2.32 litres per day, whereas unsuccessful society members consumed 1.28 litres milk per day; and the remaining amount were sold. The study further revealed that milk production in 1985 and 1995 differed significantly in both cases. The increased income through milk was comparatively more among members of successful cooperative society. Thus, it may be argued that milk cooperative society promotes the adoption of dairy practices and provides incentives and encouragement, specially to the resource poor farmers for higher milk production and income generation, thereby leading to raising their overall socio-economic status.