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​Assessment of the Sanitary and Hygienic Quality of Raw Milk Marketed in the Urban Area of Mostaganem, Algeria

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-231    | Article Id: DR-231 | Page : 345-348
Citation :- ​Assessment of the Sanitary and Hygienic Quality of Raw Milk Marketed in the Urban Area of Mostaganem, Algeria.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):345-348
N. Rechidi-Sidhoum, A.A. Dahou, H. Tahlaiti, Q. Benameur, A. Homrani  nadra.sidhoum@univ-mosta.dz
Address : Experimental Farm of Hassi-Mameche, Laboratory of Sciences and Technics of Animal Production, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, Mostaganem, Algeria.
Submitted Date : 24-02-2021
Accepted Date : 15-04-2021

Abstract

Background: Fresh raw milk is a highly nutritious but perishable product. Its informal sale without control, is detrimental to the health of the consumer. Therefore, assessing the hygienic and sanitary quality of raw milk is an absolute necessity.
Methods: 20 raw milk samples from four regions of Mostaganem City, Algeria, were tested on a microbiological compliance aspect. A serologic analysis was carried out for the indirect detection of brucellosis and a questionnaire was developed to check the hygiene rules applied at the sales store level.
Result: The results indicate an average high contamination of 8.109 cfu/ml for aerobic germs at 30°C versus 12.104 cfu/ml for thermotolerant coliforms. The presence of Staphylococcus with positive coagulase and anti-brucella antibodies indicates that these milks are potentially hazardous to human health. Salmonella is absent in all samples. The field investigation shows the proven absence of the most basic hygiene rules for the storageand presentation for sale of raw milk. A quality approach must be put in place at the service of the consumer.

Keywords

​Contamination Hygienic and sanitary quality Microbiological Raw milk

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