Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 39 issue 4 (december 2020) : 354-358

Effects of Perforation Mediated-modified Atmospheric Packaging (MAP) on Shelf Life and Quality of Calcium Chloride Treated Bell Pepper (Capsicum annum)

Pragya Adhikari, Nisha Paneru, Kanti Thapa, Aashish Dhakal
1Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.
Cite article:- Adhikari Pragya, Paneru Nisha, Thapa Kanti, Dhakal Aashish (2020). Effects of Perforation Mediated-modified Atmospheric Packaging (MAP) on Shelf Life and Quality of Calcium Chloride Treated Bell Pepper (Capsicum annum). Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 39(4): 354-358. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-200.
Background: Capsicums having high respiration, transpiration, and ethylene production rates along with high susceptibility to microbial growth deteriorate rapidly during storage leading to higher loss. The current study was conducted to assess the effects of Perforation mediated- modified atmospheric packaging (MAP) on shelf life and quality of calcium chloride treated bell pepper (Capsicum annum). 
Methods: For this purposed green mature fruits capsicum annum variety Indra were  pretreated with calcium chloride, weighed 1kg and packed in Low-density polyethylene with no perforation (T1), LDPE with 4 perforations(T2), LDPE with 8 perforations(T3), LDPE with 12 perforations(T4), LDPE with 16 perforation(T5) and open tray (T6) and stored at ambient room temperature of laboratory. Three replications were maintained for each treatment with CRD Design and different parameters were evaluated during the study period.  
Result: Capsicum stored in perforated LDPE packet exhibited less weight loss, higher shelf life and higher vitamin C content compared to capsicum kept in an open tray. With less perforations weight loss was less. Moreover, LDPE with 16 perforations can be considered the best treatment because with higher numbers of pores it exhibited comparatively higher shelf life, optimum quality of fruits and also check the spoilage of the fruits as compared to all treatments.
  1. Annonymus (2003). The production and post-harvest handling of sweet pepper in Kenya (HCDA).
  2. Antoniali, S., Leal, P.M., Magalhaes, A.M., Fuziki, R.T. and Sanches, J. (2007). Physico-chemical characterization of “Zarco HS” yellow bell pepper for different ripness stages. Scientia Agricola. (64): 19-22.
  3. Ben Yehoshua, S. and Rodov, V. (1998). Modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables/ : reducing of water in bell peppers and mangoes. Acta Horticulturae.
  4. Day, B.P.F. (1993). Fruits and Vegetables Principles and Application of Modified Atmospheric Packaging [R.T. Perry, (ed.)]. Blackie.
  5. Exama, A., Arul, J., Lencki, R. and L. Z. (1993). Suitability of various plastic films for modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables: Gas transfer properties and effect of temperature fluctuation. ISHS Acta Horticulturae. 175-180.
  6. Farber, J.M. (1991). Microbiological aspects of Modified atmospheric packaging - a review. Journal of Food Protection. 54: 58-78.
  7. Goswami, T.K. and Mahajan, P.V. (2009). Applications of Plastic Films for Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Fruits and Vegetables/ : A Review. Food Engineering Review, (December).
  8. Hughes, P.A, Thompson, A.k., Plumbey, R.A. and Seymour, G.B. (1981). Storage of capsicums [Capsicum annum (L.) Sendt]. under controlled atmosphere, modified atmosphere and hypobaric conditions. Journal of Horticultural Science. 56: 261-265.
  9. Kader, A.A. (1985). Postharvest biology and technology: an overview. In Postharvest Technology of Horticultural Crops. (T.J. Kader A.A., Kasmire, R.F., Mitchell, F.G., Reid, M.S, Sommer, W.F, ed.). University of California, Davis, CA,: Special Publication. 3311.
  10. Kader, A.A. and R.R. (2004). The role of postharvest management in assuring the quality and safety of horticultural produce. FAO Agricultural Support Systems Division. 152: 1010-1365.
  11. Lownds, N.K., Banaras, M. and Bosland, P.W. (1994). Postharvest water loss and storage quality of nine pepper (Capsicum) cultivars. HortScience. 29: 191-193.
  12. Ornelas-Paz, J.J., Zamudio-Flores, P.B., Torres-Cisneros, C.G., Holguín-Soto, R., Ramos-Aguilar, O.P., Ruiz-Cruz, S., Guevara-Arauza, J.C., González-Aguilar, G.A. and Santana-Rodriguez, V. (2012). The barrier properties and potential use of recycled-LDPE films as a packaging material to preserve the quality of Jalapeño peppers by modified atmospheres. Scientia Horticulturae. 135: 210–218.
  13. Pankotai, M.G., Komsa, I. and F.Z. (2007). Quality changes of paprika types during the storage in Hungary. Acta Horticulturae. 747: 179-184.
  14. Rao, T.V.R., Gol, N.B. and Shah, K.K. (2011). Effects of postharvest treatments and storage treatments on the quality and shelf life of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.). Scientia Horticulturae. 132(1): 18-26. 2011.09.032
  15. Sadasivam, S. and Manickam, A. (1991). Biochemical methods. Chennai: New Age Internatinal Publishers.
  16. Sahoo, N.R., Bal, L.M., Pal, U. S. and S. D. (2014). A comparative study on the effect of packaging material and storage environment on shelf life of fresh bell-pepper. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. 8: 164-170.
  17. Samira, A., Woldetsadik, K. and Workneh, T.S. (2013). Postharvest quality and shelf life of some hot pepper varieties. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 50(3): 842-855.
  18. Wills, R.B.H., Mcglasson, W.B., Graham, D., Tlee, H. and H.E.G. (1989). Postharvest-An introduction to the physiology and handling of fruit and vegetables. Van Nostrand Reinhold, Newyork. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)