Loading...

Phenotypic and Carcass Characterization of Hassan Sheep

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1741    | Article Id: DR-1741 | Page : 173-177
Citation :- Phenotypic and Carcass Characterization of Hassan Sheep.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2022.(41):173-177
Naveen Kumar G.S., Basavraj Inamdar, Hemanth Gowda K., Shrikanth Dodamani basava643@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Hebbal, Bengaluru-560 024, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 1-06-2021
Accepted Date : 19-07-2021

Abstract

Background: Hassan sheep is the third most populous breed of the five registered sheep breeds from Karnataka with limited studies on its morphological and carcass characteristics. Hence, the study was undertaken to know the present status of morphological and carcass characteristics of this breed.
Methods: A total of 34 randomly selected flocks were surveyed and the data on various parameters were collected. The morphometrical data was collected on 344 sheep belonging to eight flocks from the breeding tract. The carcass characteristics were documented by slaughtering six male lambs (between nine to twelve months of age).
Result: These sheep had varied coat colours viz. complete white (23.3%), white with light brown patches (58.1%) and white with black patches (18.6%) on head and neck region. It was observed that 40.4 per cent of males and only 1.4 per cent of females were horned. Atrophied ears were noticed in 2.3 per cent of these sheep. The average adult body length (cm), height at wither (cm), chest girth (cm), paunch (cm), ear length (cm), tail length (cm) and average adult body weight (kg) were 66.4±0.62, 65.03±1.45, 75.2±1.02, 76.5±1.38, 15.2±0.07, 11.5±0.07 and 32.7±2.03 in males and 63.8±0.85, 61.7±1.38, 71.8±2.32, 74.5±2.60, 15.0±0.34, 11.3±0.08 and 27.8±1.21 in females, respectively. The difference in body weight between males and females increased significantly over the age. The pre-slaughter weight (PSW), hot carcass weight (HCW) and dressing percentage recorded were 20.3±1.42 Kg, 9.5±0.23 kg and 46.80 per cent, respectively.

Keywords

Carcass Characterization Hassan sheep Morphometry

References

  1. Acharya, R.M. (1982). Sheep and Goat breeds of India. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  2. Breed Survey Report. (2013). Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi.
  3. Gao, L., Xu, S.S., Yang, J.Q., Shen, M. and  Li, M.H. (2018). Genome wide association study reveals novel genes for the ear size in sheep (Ovis aries). Animal Genetics. 49(4): 345-348.
  4. Jain A., Govindaiah M.G., Sadana D.K., Kulkarni V.S., Aswathnarayan T., Pandey A.K., Sharma R., Kumar D., Singh G. (2005). Sheep Genetic Resources of India (Mandya), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, India.
  5. Jain, A., Govindaiah, M.G., Sadana, D.K., Kulkarni, V.S., Aswathnarayan, T., Pandey, A.K., Sharma, R., Kumar, D., Ahlawat, S.P.S. (2006). Sheep Genetic Resources of India (Hassan), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, India.
  6. Jain, A., Govindaiah, M.G., Sadana, D.K., Kulkarni, V.S., Aswathnarayan, T., Pandey, A.K., Sharma, R, Kumar, D., Ahlawat, S.P.S. (2006a). Sheep Genetic Resources of India (Kenguri), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, India.
  7. Jain, A, Govindaiah, M.G., Sadana, D.K., Kulkarni, V.S., Aswathnarayan, T., Pandey, A.K., Sharma, R., Kumar, D., Ahlawat, S.P.S. (2006b). Sheep Genetic Resources of India (Bellary), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, India.
  8. Mule, A.D., Pachpute, S.T. and Dhage, S.A. (2013). Effect of slaughter age on carcass traits and meat quality of Deccani sheep. Indian J. Small Ruminants. 19(1): 67-70. 
  9. Naveen Kumar, G.S., Wilfred S. Ruban, Pradeep, M.C. and Shivakumar, M.C. (2013). A Study on Kenguri as Mutton Breed of Sheep in Southern Karnataka, India. Middle- East Journal of Scientific Research. 13(1): 05-08.
  10. Naveen.kumar, S., Jayashankar, M.R., Nagaraja, R., Ruban, W. and Sreesujatha, R.M. (2018). Carcass and meat quality characteristics of Bandur ram lambs. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52: 774 -779.
  11. Shinde, A.K., Bhatt, R.S., Nasimuddin, M. and Karim, S.A. (2008). Carcass characteristics of Malpura male lambs maintained under different feeding regimes. Indian J. Small Ruminants. 14(1): 71-76.
  12. Siddalingswamy H., Vinoo, R., Appannavar, M.M., Muralidhar, M., Venkataseshaiah, C., Ramanipushpa, R.N. and Sudhakar Krovvid. (2019). A Comparison of Morphological and Morphometric Traits of Known and Lesser Known Sheep Populations of Karnataka in the Farmers’ Flocks. International Journal of Livestock Research. 9(11): 122 -131.
  13. Sureshkumar, S. and Karim, S.A. (2008). Carcass characteristics of Chokla and Avikalin yearling males maintained under grazing with supplementation. Indian J. Small Ruminants. 15(1): 81-84.
  14. Yadav, D., Jain, A., Kulkarni, V.S., Govindaiah, M., Aswathnarayan, T. and Sadana, D.K. (2013). Classification of four ovine breeds of southern peninsular zone of India: Morphometric study using classical discriminant function analysis. Springer Plus. 2. 29. 10.1186/2193-1801-2-29.

Global Footprints