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​Nutritional Quality and Storage Stability of Processed Biofortified Pearl Millet Varieties

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1719    | Article Id: DR-1719 | Page : 219-224
Citation :- ​Nutritional Quality and Storage Stability of Processed Biofortified Pearl Millet Varieties.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2022.(41):219-224
Aashima Bajaj, Veenu Sangwan, Varsha Rani, Asha Kawatra, Reena Suthar veenusangwan245@gmail.com
Address : Department of Foods and Nutrition, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
Submitted Date : 14-05-2021
Accepted Date : 12-07-2021

Abstract

Background: Poor shelf life and nutrient availability is a limiting factor in adoption of pearl millet. It can be addressed by indigenous processing like malting, blanching and roasting. This study delineates outcome of processing on protein, fat, ash, nutrient digestibility and storage stability of biofortified pearl millet varieties. 
Methods: Unprocessed, malted, blanched and roasted millet grains’ flour was analysed and compared for protein, fat, ash and nutrient digestibility. To assess storage stability, flours were stored at 25 ± 1°C at 40 ± 2% RH and fat acidity and per oxide values analysed at an interval of 10 days. 
Result: It was found that the protein and fat contents of flours decreased on processing. Blanched and roasted flours possessed more ash compared to malted flour. The amount of fat and ash in HC-20 was significantly more than that of Dhanshakti variety. Digestibilities of protein and starch, of processed flours improved significantly and maximum improvement was exhibited by malted flours followed by roasted and blanched. The fat acidity and peroxide value of stored flours increased and this increase was more in unprocessed compared to processed flours. The findings of this study can be useful for augmenting the nutritional and keeping quality of pearl millet.

Keywords

​Blanching Digestibility Malting Nutrient availability Pearl millet Roasting

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