Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 40 issue 4 (december 2021) : 440-445

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of a Phyto-supplement on Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens

A.O. Oso, R. Umaya Suganthi, P.K. Malik, G. Thirumalaisamy, V.B. Awachat
1ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bangalore-560 030, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Oso A.O., Suganthi Umaya R., Malik P.K., Thirumalaisamy G., Awachat V.B. (2021). Effect of Dietary Supplementation of a Phyto-supplement on Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(4): 440-445. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1661.
Background: The effect of a phyto-supplement (PS) composed of Aerva lanata, Piper betle, Cynodon dactylon and Piper nigrum on carcass characteristics was evaluated in commercial broiler chicken.
Methods: A total of 192 day-old commercial broiler chicks were allocated to the four experimental groups and each group was separated into 6 replicates, with 8 birds per replicate. The dietary treatment groups were the positive control (basal diet + antibiotic, chlortetracycline @355g/ metric ton of feed), negative control (0% PS: basal diet only), 1% PS (basal diet +1% PS) and 2% PS (basal diet +2%PS). The trial lasted for 42 days (0 to 42 D of age). The carcass characteristics were recorded for two birds from each replicate at the end of the trial. 
Result: The broilers fed chlortetracycline and 1% PS recorded the highest (P=0.0205) and those fed only basal diet (negative control) recorded the lowest dressing percentage. Broilers fed diet supplemented with 1 and 2% PS exhibited higher (P<0.0001) weight and relative weight of lung than other treatments. Broilers fed diet supplemented with 1 and 2% PS exhibited lower weight (P=0.0032) and relative weight (P=0.0002) of liver when compared with the antibiotic treatment. Feeding 1% PS increased the relative weight of heart quadratically (P=0.044) while 2% PS reduced the weight of heart. Broilers on negative control diet recorded the highest weight (P=0.0002) and relative weight (P<0.0001) of kidney.

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