Loading...

Effect of Radiation Processing on Water Absorption and Germination of Kodo and Kutki Millets

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1638    | Article Id: DR-1638 | Page : 321-326
Citation :- Effect of Radiation Processing on Water Absorption and Germination of Kodo and Kutki Millets.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):321-326
Nidhi Kaushik, Komal Chauhan, Manjeet Aggarwal, Rakesh Khandal nidhikaushik2013@gmail.com
Address : National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Sonipat-131 028, Haryana, India. 
Submitted Date : 27-02-2021
Accepted Date : 1-04-2021

Abstract

Background: In pursuit of exploring gamma irradiation as a technology-intervention for de-husking of Kodo and Kutki millets grown widely, authors of this paper observed that irradiation leads to easy de-husking of hardest Kodo grains. Calibration for appropriate dose of irradiation is needed and hence, this study was planned. This technology, if established, may check millet farmers shifting to other crops.
Methods: Kodo and Kutki millets were irradiated by gamma radiations for doses of 0 kGy to 10 kGy. Water absorption capacity and germination potential of irradiated grains were measured to determine the dose for desired results.
Result: Water absorption and germination potential of Kodo and Kutki grains improved on irradiation; dose of 2.5 kGy and above resulted in an increase in the quantity of water absorbed and rate of water absorption. The germination also increased but registering maxima at 7.5 kGy for Kodo and 5.0 kGy for Kutki. Irradiation at doses higher than maxima caused decline. Thus, appropriate dose of irradiation was found to be 7.5 kGy for Kodo and 5 kGy for Kutki.

Keywords

Gamma irradiation Germination potential Kodo Kutki Water absorption capacity

References

  1. AERB Safety guide, GUIDE NO. AERB/RF-RPF/SG-1, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, 2015, Mumbai, India.
  2. Agbo, G.N., Hosfield, G.L., Uebersax, M.A. et al. (1987). Seed microstructure and its relationship to water uptake in isogenic lines and a cultivar of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Food Microstructure. 6: 91-102. 
  3. Ahmad S, Qureshi S. (1992) Comparative study of two cultivars (Zea mays L.) after seed irradiation. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 8: 441- 447.
  4. Al-Bachir (2004). Effect of gamma irradiation on fungal load, chemical and sensory characeristics of walnut (Juglans regia L). Journal of Stored Products Research. 40: 355-362.
  5. Ambavane, A.R., Sawardekar S.V., Sawantdesai S.A., et al. (2015). Studies on mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of gamma rays and its effect on quantitative traits in finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn). Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. 8: 120-125.
  6. Aparna, M.A. Chaturvedi, M. Sreedhar, et al. (2013) Impact of Gamma Rays on the Seed Germination and Seedling Parameters of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Science. 4: 61-68.
  7. Association of Official Seed Analysis (1983). Seed Vigor Testing Handbook. Contribution No.32 to the handbook on seed testing.
  8. Borzouei A., Kafi M., Khazaei H., (2010). Effects of gamma radiation on germination and physiological aspects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Seedlings. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2(4): 2281-2290.
  9. Dedeh, S.S., Stanley, D.W., Voisey, P.W. (2006). Effect of Soaking Time and Cooking Conditions on Hardness and Microstructure of Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata), Journal of Food Science. 43(6): 1832-1838.
  10. Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India (2014). Radiation Processing of Food and Medical Products, Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology, Technical Document.
  11. Diehl, J.F. (1990). Safety of Irradiated Foods, Food Science and Technology Series No. 36, 345 S. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York.
  12. El-Naggar, S.M. and A.A. Mikhaiel (2011). Disinfestation of stored wheat grain and flour using gamma rays and microwave heating. Journal of Stored Products Research. 47: 191-196.
  13. Garcia-Huidobro, J., Monteith, J.L. and G.R. Squire (1982). Time, temperature and germination of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides). Constant temperature. J. Exp. Bot. 33: 288-296.
  14. Gupta, P.K., and Yashvir (1975). Induced mutations in foxtail millet (Setaria italica Beauv.) Chlorophyll mutations induced by gamma rays, EMS and DES. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 45(6): 242e249. 
  15. Harding, S.S., Johnson, S.D., Taylor, D.R. (2012). Effect of gamma rays on seed germination, seedling height, survival percentage and tiller production in some rice varieties cultivated in Sierra Leone. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 2(2): 247-255.
  16. Hassan, A.B., G.A.M. Osman, M.A. Rushdi. (2009). Effect of gamma irradiation on the nutritional quality of maize cultivars (Zea mays) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grains. Pakistan Journal of Nutition. 8: 167-171.
  17. International seed testing Association, ISTA. (2006). International rules for seed testing. Seed science and technology. ISTA, Basserdorf, Switzerland.
  18. Josephson, E.S. and Peterson, M.S. (1983). Preservation of Food by ionizing Radiation, VoI, II and III CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida.
  19. Khandal, R.K. (2004). Radiation processing of horticulture produce, Indian Nuclear Society, INIS Vol. 36, Reference No. 36016985.
  20. Melki, M. and Marouani, A. (2009). Effects of gamma rays irradiation on seed germination and incidence of hard wheat. Environment Chemistry Letter. 8: 307-331.
  21. Nirmalakumari, A., Arulselvi, S., Ganapathy, S. (2007). Gamma ray induced variation for lodging resistance and its associated characters in little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth Ex-roem and schult). Madras Agricultural Journal. 94(7e12): 151e155.
  22. Pankaj, K.J., Kudachikar, V.B. and Sourav, K. (2013). Lipase inactivation in wheat germ by gamma irradiation. Radiation Physics Chemistry. 86:136-139. 
  23. Rachie, K.O. (1975). The Millets: Importance, Utilization and Outlook. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad, India.
  24. Santosh Vishnu (2017). Effect of gamma radiation on germination and seedling parameter of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn.), International Journal of Chemical Studies. 5(4): 1978-1982.
  25. Shafaei, S.M., Kamali, M., Namjoo, M. (2014) Studying and modelling of water absorption of barley (in Farsi). In: 8th National Conference of Agriculture Machinery Engineering (Biosystem Engineering) and Mechanization, January 29-31. Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
  26. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1987) Statistical Method, 7th Edition Ames, IA: The Iowa State University Press.
  27. Sreenivasan, A. (1974). Compositional and quality changes in some irradiated foods. In: Improvement of Food Quality by Irradiation. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Agency: Pp 129.
  28. Subramanian, A., Nirmalakumari, A., andVeerabadhiran, P. (2011). Mutagenic efficiency and effectiveness in kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.). Madras Agricultural Journal. 98(1e3): 22e25: Pp 37-81.
  29. WHO (1994). Safety and Nutritional Adequacy of Irradiated Foods, Geneva.
  30. Yadav, B.K., Jindal, V.K. (2007). Modeling varietal effect on the water uptake behaviour of milled rice (Oryza sativa L.) during soaking. Journal of Food Process Engineering. 670-684.

Global Footprints