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Effects of Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) on Epidemiological and Clinicopathological Parameters of Dairy Cattle

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1637    | Article Id: DR-1637 | Page : 260-266
Citation :- Effects of Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) on Epidemiological and Clinicopathological Parameters of Dairy Cattle.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):260-266
Ahmad Nawid Mirzad, Mohammad Hussain Haidary, M. Nasim Sohail, Mohammad Nasim Sahab, Hamidullah Alizada, Amanullah Monis, Tawfeeq Mohammad Monir, H.A. Upendra nasimnasar25@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Balkh University, Balkh, Afghanistan. 
Submitted Date : 18-02-2021
Accepted Date : 24-05-2021

Abstract

Background: Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) is one of the most important metabolic disease of dairy cattle which decrease milk production, dry matter intake, productivity and increase culling rate and even cause death.
Methods: In this study the epidemiological status of SARA namely age, breed, stage of lactation, lactation number, general health condition, body condition score, daily milk production, milk fat content and biochemical alteration were investigated.
Result: Out of 100 cows examined 20 were found to be positive for SARA and the mean age of dairy cows suffering from SARA was found to be 6.53 ±0.68 years. The prevalence of SARA was 70 and 30 per cent in Jersey and HF breed of cows respectively and was high in mid lactation and the lactation number ranged from 2 to 6. 65 per cent. SARA affected cows were in poor body condition score, milk production and milk fat content was significantly low (P≤ 0.05). The mean GGT (Gamma Glutamyl Transferase) and AST (Asparate aminotransferase) values were significantly increased in SARA affected dairy cows. SARA seems to be a common problem in dairy cattle and it has to be considered when dealing with herd level problems like low milk fat, low milk production, poor body condition and appropriate management measures should be implemented to prevent it.

Keywords

Dairy cattle Rumenocentesis Rumen-fluid pH Subacute ruminal acidosis

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