Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 40 issue 3 (september 2021) : 273-278

luxS Gene and Biofilm Formation in Streptococcus uberis Isolated from Bovine Mastitis Cases

A.J. Greeshma, R.N. Ramani Pushpa, K. Lakshmi Kavitha, T. Srinivasa Rao
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, NTR College of Veterinary Sciences, Gannavaram-521 101, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Cite article:- Greeshma A.J., Pushpa Ramani R.N., Kavitha Lakshmi K., Rao Srinivasa T. (2021). luxS Gene and Biofilm Formation in Streptococcus uberis Isolated from Bovine Mastitis Cases. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(3): 273-278. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1633.
Background: Streptococcus uberis (S. uberis) is an environmental pathogen causing mastitis in Dairy cattle. It causes recurrent mastitis and reduction in milk production in livestock causing economic loss. The prevalence of S. uberis intramammary infections is due to ability of the organism to form biofilm in udder tissue. The present study is on in-vitro biofilm production, the correlation of luxS gene and the biofilm formation in S. uberis. 
Methods: A total of 91 mastitic milk samples were collected from cattle and buffaloes brought at Veterinary Hospitals and farms in Krishna, Guntur and West Godavari districts, Andhra Pradesh. The identification of the culture isolates was based on cultural and biochemical characteristics and confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The Streptococcus species cultures showing greyish, pinpointed colonies and/or aesculin hydrolysis on Edwards medium were further identified by various biochemical tests viz., catalase test, ninhydrin test, sodium hippurate hydrolysis test and type of haemolysis on 7% sheep blood agar. Confirmation of the isolates by PCR was followed by detection of biofilm formation using qualitative Congo red agar (CRA) method, quantitative microtiter plate (MTP) assay and biofilm gene (luxS) was detected using PCR.
Conclusion: From this study it is suggestable that for biofilm study both phenotypic and genotypic methods should be taken together which can be influenced by various other factors also. MTP assay was a good choice for quantitative biofilm determination, which was giving a more accurate and understandable results. The results express that any of the isolates without luxS didn’t produce a strong biofilm and it is concluded that there may be other genes for regulation of biofilm production and/or luxS gene has a regulatory role for one or more genes related to biofilm formation in S. uberis.
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