Comparative Study of Automation and Conventional System on Production Performance in Dairy Farms

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1607    | Article Id: DR-1607 | Page : 25-29
Citation :- Comparative Study of Automation and Conventional System on Production Performance in Dairy Farms.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):25-29
K. Abhijeet, S.B. Prasanna, P.S. Mahesh, M.D. Gouri, M.P. Vivek, S.K. Bhandekar, S.M. Ali, K.D. Masood, Prabha Karan dr.abhikumar0501@gmail.com
Address : Department of Livestock Production and Management, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bangalore-560 024, Karnataka, India. 
Submitted Date : 2-12-2020
Accepted Date : 18-01-2021

Abstract

Background: The Indian dairy industry has progress consistently ever since the White revolution of the 1970s, making India, the world’s largest and fastest producer of milk with 17 per cent global share. The Indian dairy market is expected to double within the next 10 years, primarily driven by over 16-20 per cent growth in value added dairy segment. To catch this high growth potential and to meet the rising demand, a sustainable and strong dairy production system will be critical. 
Methods: A study was conducted between December 2018 and February 2019 at four different dairy farms. The farms were identified based on rearing systems practiced. The farms were divided into two groups where the first one (n=10 dairy cattle) utilized automatic rearing systems (the ARS farms), while the second group (n=10) had conventional rearing systems (the CRS farms).
Result: Based on the results, the effect of different rearing systems on the average lactation yield in the fourth lactation was significantly higher (P≤0.05) in automatic rearing system. The lactation yield of both the treatment groups was not significant till third lactation. There was no significant difference observed in persistency of milk production in both the rearing systems. Reproductive performance of the ARS houses had better age at first calving and service period as compared to conventional house type with significant difference. By using an ARS it is possible to save time and achieve greater flexibility. The experiment indicates less man power minutes required for routine daily work like feeding, watering and milking in automatic rearing system as compare to conventional rearing system. A significant (P≤0.01) reduction in working time by comparison with a different feeding, watering and management system however can only be expected in the case of sizeable herds. It appears that not much time can be saved with herds numbering 60 animals, but flexibility for the farm manager becomes significantly greater. In view of the relatively high amount invested in ARS, the profitability of such a system must be decided on a farm by farm basis. In principle an ARS can be a good opportunity for optimizing working time and workload in dairy farming. 

Keywords

Automatic rearing system Conventional rearing system Persistency Lactation yield Working time measurements.

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