Assessment of Breakfast Consumption on Nutritional Adequacy among School-going Children in India

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1589    | Article Id: DR-1589 | Page : 112-117
Citation :- Assessment of Breakfast Consumption on Nutritional Adequacy among School-going Children in India.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):112-117
Nataraj A. Durgannavar, D. Vijayalakshmi nataraj_fpn@kswu.ac.in
Address : Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bangalore-560 065, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 13-10-2020
Accepted Date : 13-01-2021

Abstract

Background: Children of school going age constitute a highly vulnerable and important group. During their growing period, all the nutrients should be included in their diet. Breakfast provides important nutrients for growing children. Skipping breakfast among school children is erratic. Therefore, the study was undertaken to assess the role of breakfast consumption affecting nutritional adequacy among schoolchildren. 
Methods: During the period 2015-2016, total of 200 school children in the age group of 10-12 years studying in government and private schools of North Bengaluru, Karnataka were selected through random sampling techniques. The breakfast consumption pattern was assessed using questionnaire. Dietary intake in terms of food and nutrients was assessed through 24 hours recall method. To measure adequacy of nutrient consumption, the obtained data was compared with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for specific age group. 
Result: Gender wise segregation revealed that 109 were boys (54.5%) and 91 were girls (45.5%). The breakfast skipping was found more in the children of government school compared to private school (73% vs. 37%). When compared with the breakfast consumers, skippers had lower mean intake of all the nutrients studied. Similar results were observed among girls as in boys. The study provided new information on specific meal pattern i.e., breakfast that may be potential determinant of dietary adequacy and dietary quality.

Keywords

Breakfast consumption Children Nutritional adequacy

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