Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 40 issue 1 (march 2021) : 88-93

Farmer’s Stance on Antibiotic Resistance to E. coli and Extended Spectrum - β -lactamase Producing (ESBL) E. coli Isolated from Poultry Droppings

R. Durairajan, M. Murugan, K. Karthik, K. Porteen
1Veterinary University Training and Research Centre, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Melmaruvathur-603 319, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Durairajan R., Murugan M., Karthik K., Porteen K. (2021). Farmer’s Stance on Antibiotic Resistance to E. coli and Extended Spectrum - β -lactamase Producing (ESBL) E. coli Isolated from Poultry Droppings. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(1): 88-93. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1574.
Background: This study was conducted to explore the contribution of poultry farms to the contamination of the environment with ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and there with, potentially to the spread of these bacteria to humans and other animals. Hence, the present work is a poultry farm based study aimed to detect prevalence of ESBL producing E.coli among poultry of small scale farmers.
Methods: ESBL-producing E. coli were detected at poultry farm (n=40). The E. coli was isolated from poultry droppings in irrespective of diseases. The required data were collected through well-structured interview schedule in farm premises. E.coli isolates were more susceptible to Gentamicin, Aztreonarm, Cefrtrazindime and Cefotoxime. 
Result: Detection of ESBL isolates was performed by Combined Disc Diffusion Methods. Out of 40 E.coli isolates 12 were phenotypically identified as ESBL producers. The prevalence of CTX-m gene is 50% and Bla (TEM) gene is 50%. 
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