Loading...

​​Impact of Trace Minerals Supplement on Reproductive Performance of Crossbred Cattle

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1573    | Article Id: DR-1573 | Page : 376-379
Citation :- ​​Impact of Trace Minerals Supplement on Reproductive Performance of Crossbred Cattle.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):376-379
Dheeraj Kumar, Tushar Rajendra Bhosale, Mahendra Kumar, V.K. Paswan, Keshav Kumar, Anjali Nagori dheerumaal@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Production, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur-313 004, Rajasthan, India.
Submitted Date : 7-09-2020
Accepted Date : 3-05-2021

Abstract

Background: In lactating animals, the majority of factors like nutrient intake, physiological health, housing management and atmospheric conditions affect reproductive performance of the animal. In dairy animals the main factor affecting reproduction is nutrition status that too trace minerals. So to have a good return from the livestock trace minerals with balanced feeding of the animals must be done. Optimum feeding of minerals with respect to the various stages of reproductive life cycle must be done to increase the reproductive performance. 
Methods: Hence, present research trial was carried out at the Dairy farm of Banaras Hindu University, Dist. Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh). 24 Cross bred (Sahiwal × HF) non-cyclic, non-pregnant cattle, ranging 3 - 6 years of age were randomly selected to assess the role of trace minerals in fertility of infertile cows. 
Result: It is observed from the study, total 24 infertile crossbred cows were selected to induce oestrus taken for correction of anoestrosity with incorporated minerals. Total 8 out of 24 animals exhibited oestrus symptoms after the treatment. Among the animals received incorporated mineral (treatment group) 50% showed the oestrus symptoms. Among the animals under control 16.66% came into heat.

Keywords

​Fertility Infertility Oestrus Reproduction Trace mineral

References

  1. Arneza, J.S., Hathi, D.S., Sing, B., Verma, P.N. (1977). Status of some micro minerals in neonatal buffalo calves and their mothers, Indian Journal of Dairy Sciences. 30: 255
  2. Corah, L. (1996). Trace mineral requirements of grazing cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 59(1-3): 61-70.
  3. Dabas, Y.P.S., Singh, S.P. and Saxena, O.P. (1987). Serum concentration of certain minerals in anoestrus cows and buffaloes. Indian J. Anim. Reprod, 7: 98-111.
  4. Das, A., Modak, J.M. and Natarajan, K.A. (1997). Studies on multi- metal ion tolerance of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. Minerals Engineering. 10(7): 743-749.
  5. Datt, C. and Chhabra, A. (2005). Mineral status of Indian feeds and fodders: A review. Indian Journal of Dairy Science. 58(5): 305-320.
  6. Dutta, A., Baruah, B., Sarmah, B.C., Baruah, K.K. and Goswami, R.N. (2001). Macro mineral levels in cyclic, postpartum anestrus and repeat breeding local cows in lower Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction. 22: 41-44.
  7. Kalita, D.J., Sarmah, B.C. and Bhattacharyya, B.N. (1999). Mineral profile and fertility of cows. Indian Veterinary Journal. 76(11): 971-972.
  8. Kappel, L.C. and Zidenberg, S. (1999). Manganese: Present Knowledge in nutrition. International Life Sciences Institute Nutrition Foundation, Washington, 308.
  9. Kim, W.K. and Patterson, P.H. (2003). Effect of minerals on activity of microbial uricase to reduce ammonia volatilization in poultry manure. Poultry Science. 82(2): 223-231.
  10. Kumar, A., Singh, C. and Singh, A.P. (2002). Effect of feeding mineral mixture on plasma manganese (Mn++) concentration in cattle. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 72(6): 510-512.
  11. Kumar, S., Pandey, A.K., Abdul Razzaque, W.A. and Dwivedi, D.K. (2011). Importance of micro minerals in reproductive performance of livestock. Veterinary World. 4(5): 230-233.
  12. Mohan, G. and Jain, V. K. (1994). Serum magnesium: a prognostic tool of acute myocardial infarction. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 38: 294-294.
  13. Nix, J. (2002). Trace minerals important for goat reproduction. Sweetlix Livestock Supplement System.
  14. Overton, T.R. and Yasui, T. (2014). Practical applications of trace minerals for dairy cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 92(2): 416-426.
  15. Prasad, K.S.N. and Rao, S.V.N. (1997). Blood mineral profile of anestrous and repeat breeder crossbred cows- A field study. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition. 14(2): 135-137.
  16. Rupde, N.D., Rode, A.M., Sarode, D.B., Zade, N.N., Jagtap, D.G. and Kaikini, A.S. (1993). Serum biochemical profile in repeat breeders. Indian Journal of Animal Reproduction. 14(2): 79-81.
  17. Sales, J.N.S., Pereira, R.V.V., Bicalho, R.C. and Baruselli, P.S. (2011). Effect of injectable copper, selenium, zinc and manganese on the pregnancy rate of crossbred heifers (Bos indicus× Bos taurus) synchronized for timed embryo transfer. Livestock Science. 142(1-3): 59-62.
  18. Samanta, A.K., Sarkar, S., Bose, S., Duttagupta, R., Senapati, P.K. and Bhowmik, M.K. (1995). Influence of macro and micro minerals on anemia related to production and reproduction of grazing cattle. Indian Veterinary Journal. 72(10): 1031- 1034.
  19. Sandel, E.B. (1950). Colorimetric Determination of Traces of Metals. Interscience Pub. Inc., New York. p 411. 
  20. Saxena, M.S. and Gupta, S.K. (1992). Plasma concentration of certain trace minerals in Normal cycling and anoestrous crossbred heifers. Indian J. Anim. Health. 31(2): 103-105.
  21. Singh, M. and Pant, H.C. (1998). Blood biochemical profile of normal and repeat breeder cows in Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Anim. Reprod. 19(2): 156-157.
  22. Uslu, B.A., Mis, L., Gulyuz, F., Comba, B., Ucar, O., Tasal, I. et al. (2017). Is there a relationship between serum minerals (Ca, Mg) and trace elements (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) at mating on pregnancy rates in fat-tailed Morkaraman sheep. Indian J. Anim. Res. 51: 256-262.

Global Footprints