Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 39 issue 4 (december 2020) : 344-348

Comparative Study of Biogas Production from Cocoa Pod, Maize Husk, Orange Peels, Pineapple Peels and Coconut Fiber Co-Digested with Yeast

M.A. Enaboifo, C.A. Adadu
1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Benin, PMB 1154 Benin City, Nigeria.
Cite article:- Enaboifo M.A., Adadu C.A. (2020). Comparative Study of Biogas Production from Cocoa Pod, Maize Husk, Orange Peels, Pineapple Peels and Coconut Fiber Co-Digested with Yeast. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 39(4): 344-348. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-153.
Background: The demand and cost of domestic energy in Nigeria are on the increase, primarily due to the increasing human population and demand. This is compounded by desertification, increasing the cost of electricity, industrialization, lack of alternative such as solar, wind and nuclear energy.This study was conducted to compare the potential of biogas produced from anaerobic co-digestion of coconut fibre, cocoa pods, maize husk, orange peels, pineapple peels and yeast and to determine the effect of pH and retention time on biogas yield. 
Methods: During the experiment, five batch reactors/digesters were used. The digesters were labeled A,B,C,D, E and each replicated three times. Digester A consist of 2g of yeast, 4g of coconut fibre, digester B consist of 2g of yeast, 4g of cocoa pods, digester C consist of 2g of yeast, 4g of maize husk, digester D consist of 2g of yeast, 4g of orange peels and digester E consist of 2g of yeast, 4g of pineapple peels. The pH was determined before corking the reactors. 
Result: The results showed significant differences among the different substrate for biogas yield and methane component. Biodegradability of the different substrate, quality and retention time significantly affected the biogas yield in the five digesters. Digester loaded with maize husk produced significantly higher volume of biogas and methane component compared with other substrate. Increase in biogas yield for maize husk of 4g was 23.33ml with methane component of 61.78% for the 10 days hydraulic retention time. The retention time of 4, 5, 6 and 8 days significantly produced the highest volume of biogas in the other digesters. Based on the findings, maize husk and yeast blend could be a rich source of renewable energy option and would help arrest ecological disaster in addition to control of deforestation.
  1. Abdullahi, I., Ismail, A., Musa, A.O. and Galadima, A. (2011). Effect of Kinetic Parameters on Biogas Production from Local Substrate using a Batch Feeding Digester. European Journal of Scientific Research. ISSN 1450 – 216x. 57(4): 626-634.
  2. Abdurahman, N.H., Azhari, N.H., Rosli, Y.M. (2013). Ultrasonic Membrane Anaerobic System (UMAS) for Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Treatment, In: International Perspectives on Water Quality Management and Pollutant Control. 
  3. Abdurahman, N.H., Rosli, Y.M., Azhari, N.H., Tam, S.F. (2011). Biomethanation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Membrane Anaerobic System (MAS) using POME as a Substrate, World Academy of Sci., Eng. and Technol. 51: 419-424.
  4. Adelekan, A., O. and Bamgboye, O.M. (2012). Comparison of biogas productivity of cassava peels mixed with selected ratio with major livestock waste types, J. Agric. Research. 4(7): 571-577. 
  5. Adeyanju, A.A. (2008). Effect of Seeding of Wood Ash on Biogas Production Using Pig Waste and Cassava Peel. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. pp. 29-132.
  6. Adeyosoye, O.I., Adesokan, I.A. and Ekeocha, A.H. (2010). Estimation of Proximate Composition and Biogas Production from In vitro Gas Fermentation of Direct Potato (Ipomea batatas) and Wild Cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) Peels. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 4 (6): 388-391.
  7. Alkan-Ozkaynak, A., Karthikayan, K.G. (2011). Anaerobic digestion of thin sillage for energy recovery and water reuse in corn-ethanol plants. Biores. Technol. 102(21): 9891-6.
  8. Chotwattanasak, J., Puetpaiboon, U. (2011). Full Scale Anaerobic Digester for Treating Palm Oil Mill Wastewater. J. of Sustainable Energy & Environ. 2: 133-136.
  9. Farrel, A.E., Plevin, R.J., Turner, B.T., Jones, A.D., O’Hare, M., Kammen, D.M. (2008) Ethanol can contribute to energy and environmental goals. Sci. 311: 506-508.
  10. Irvan, T., Trisakti, B., Wongistani, V., Tomiuchi, Y. (2012). Methane Emission from Digestion of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) in a Thermophilic Anaerobic Reactor. Int. J. Sci. and Eng. 3(1): 32-35.
  11. Khong, F.C., Isa, M.H., Kutty, S.R.M., Farhan, S.A. (2012). Anaerobic treatment of produce water. World Academy of Sci. and Technol. 62: 798-802.
  12. Liu, D., Liu, D., Zeng, R.J., Angelidaki, I., (2006). Hydrogen and methane production from household solid waste in the two-stage fermentation process. Water Research. 40: 2230-2236.
  13. Meena, K. & Vijay, V.K. (2010). Biogas for overcoming energy scarcity and climate change in India. Proceedings of the first international conference on ‘New Frontiers in Biofuels, DTU’ New Delhi.
  14. Momoh, O.L. Yusuf; Nwaogazie, L.Ify (2008). Effect of Waste paper on Biogas Production from Co-digestion of cow dung and water hyacinth in Batch Reactors, J. Appl. Sc. Environ. Manage. 12(4): 95-98.
  15. Nayono, S.E. (2010). Anaerobic digestion of organic wastes for energy. Scientific Publishing. ISBN 978-3-86644-464-5: 7-20.
  16. Nipaney, P.C. (2010). Influence of Temperature on Biogas Production from Pistia stratiotes. Biological Wastes. 19: 267-274.
  17. Nizami, A.S., Orozco, A., Groom, E., Dieterich, B., Murphy, J.D., (2012). How much gas can we get from grass? Applied Energy. 92: 783-790.
  18. Patil, J.H., Molayan, L., Antony, R. and Hosur, M. (2011). Biomethanation of Water Hyacinth, Poultry Litter, Cow Manure and Primary Sludge: A Comparative Analysis. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences. 1(7): 22-26. 
  19. Pavan, P., P. Battistoni and J. Mata-Alvarez, (2009). Performance of thermophilic semi-dry anaerobic digestion process changing the feed biodegradability. In II International Symposium Anaerobic Digestion of Solid Waste, Eds., Mata-Alvarez, J., A. Tilehe and J. Cecchi, (eds.), International Association of Water Quality, Barcelona, Spain,: 57-64.
  20. Rasheed, M.B. (2014). The Effect of Temperature on the biogas Production from Olive Pomace. Zawia University Bulletin. 3(16): 1-14.
  21. Tsunatu, D.Y., Azuaga, I.C. and Agabison, J., (2014). Evaluation of the Effect of Total Solids Concentration on Biogas Yields of Agricultural Wastes, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences. 3(2): 70-75.
  22. Wei, Q., Chong, P., Wei, W., Zhong Zhi, Z. (2011). Biogas production from supernatant of hydrothermally treated municipal sludge by up flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor. Biores. Technol. 102(21): 9904-9911.
  23. Xiupeng, W. and Andrew, K., (2012). Predicting the Total Suspended Solids in Waste Water: A Data Mining Approach. (Impact factor: 1:67), 001:10:1016/j.engappai: 2012.08.15.
  24. Yejian, Z., Hairen, Y., Xiangyong, Z., Zhenjia, Z., Li, Y. (2011). High-    rate Mesophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Palm Oil Mill effluent (POME) in Expanded Granular Sludge Bed (EGSB) Reactor, International Conference on Agricultural and Natural Resources Engineering. Advances in Biomed. Eng. 3-5: 214-219.
  25. Yerima, I. and Richard, T. Isa (2012). The Energy Potential of Rice Hull as Biofuel for Domestic use. Journal of Environmental Science and Resource Management. Cenresin Publications. 4: 84.

Editorial Board

View all (0)