Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 38 issue 3 (september 2019) : 242-246

Variability of Mineral Composition of Rice Landraces Collected from Maharashtra, India

V.K. Kauthale, S.M. Patil, A.D. Nalawade
1<div style="text-align: justify;">BAIF Development Research Foundation, Pune, India</div>
Cite article:- Kauthale V.K., Patil S.M., Nalawade A.D. (2019). Variability of Mineral Composition of Rice Landraces Collected from Maharashtra, India. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 38(3): 242-246. doi: 10.18805/ag.DR-1464.
Micronutrient malnutrition is one of the burning issues in rice-based diet area throughout world.  Present study was aimed at evaluation of mineral composition of 77 rice landraces collected from various agro-climatic zones of Maharashtra. The hand mill processed rice grains were analyzed for eight (Na, Mg, K, Ca, Mn, Fe, Co, Cu and Zn) mineral content. Among the mineral contents, the iron content ranged from 2.05 to 12.2 mg/100g, calcium content from 39.2 to 238.47 mg/100g, manganese content from 1.53 to 7.54 mg/100g, copper content from 0.54 to 3.03 mg/100g and zinc content ranged from 2.65 to 11.62 mg/100g.The other minerals like magnesium content in studied landraces ranged from 81.72 to 278.56mg/100g, sodium content from 4.73 to 274.34 mg/100g and potassium content from 148.05 to 670.74 mg/100g. Most of the studied landraces had wide range of variation, rich in minerals and could be valuable source for bio-fortification of minerals through breeding method.
  1. Bouis, H. E. (2000). Enrichment of food staples through plant breeding: a new strategy for fighting micronutrient malnutrition. Nutrition 16, 701–704.
  2. Datta, K., Rai, M., Parkhi, V., Oliva, N., Tan, J., & Datta, S. K. (2006). Improved ‘golden’ indica rice and post-transgeneration enhancement of metabolic target products of carotenoids (b-carotene) in transgenic elite cultivars (IR64 and BR29). Current Science, 91, 935–939.
  3. Deb, D., Sengupta, S. and Pradeep,T. (2015). A profile of heavy metals in rice (Oryzasativa ssp. indica) landraces. Curr Sci., 109 (3): 407-409
  6. IRRI, 2013. Trends in global rice consumption: Rice Today. International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines.12: 1.
  7. Krishnan, S., Datta, K., Parkhi,V. and Datta,S. K.(2009). Rice caryopsis structure in relation to distribution of micronutrients (iron, zinc, b-carotene) of rice cultivars including transgenic indica rice. Plant Sci, 177: 557–562.
  8. Ortiz-Monasterio, J. I., Palacios-Rojas, N., Meng, E., Pixley,K., Trethowan, R. and R. J. Pena. (2007). Enhancing the mineral and vitamin content of wheat and maize through plant breeding. J Cereal Sci., 46, 293–307.
  9. Qualset, C.O., Damania,A.B., Zanatta,A.C.A. and Brush, S.B. (1997). Locally based crop plant conservation. In: Maxted N., Ford Lloyd B. and Hawkes J.G. (ed.), Plant Genetic Conservation: The in-situ Approach,  ISBN 0412637308, Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 160–175.
  10. Ravindra Babu V. (2013). Importance and advantages of rice bio-fortification with iron and zinc. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research 11.
  11. Renuka, N., Mathure, S. V., Zanan, R. L., Thengane, R. J. and Nadaf, A. B. (2016).  Determination of some minerals and b-carotene contents in aromatic indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) germplasm. Food Chemistry 191 2–6
  12. Stein, A. J. (2010). Global impacts of human mineral malnutrition. Plant Soil,335, 133–154.
  13. Thomas, R., Bhat, R. and Kuang,Y.T. (2015). Composition of amino Acids, fatty acids, minerals and dietary fiber in some of the local and import rice varieties of Malaysia. INT FOOD RES J. 22(3): 1148-1155
  14. UNSCN, (2004), 5th Report on the world nutrition situation, Nutrition for improvement development outcomes United Nation as system Standing Committee on Nutrition, Geneva, Switzerland.

Editorial Board

View all (0)