Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 38 issue 3 (september 2019) : 169-177

Identify the Effect of Supplementing Asparagus Racemosus for Buffalo on Milk Quality Related to Milk Yield and Composition

Birhanu Tsegaw, Rita Singh Majumdar
1<div style="text-align: justify;">Department of Biotechnology, School of Engineering and Technology, Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P., India</div>
Cite article:- Tsegaw Birhanu, Majumdar Singh Rita (2019). Identify the Effect of Supplementing Asparagus Racemosus for Buffalo on Milk Quality Related to Milk Yield and Composition. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 38(3): 169-177. doi: 10.18805/ag.DR-1459.
Milk is produced by the mammary gland of mammals to feed their young ones. Milk is an important nutrient-rich beverage that benefits our health. This article aims to study the effect of Asparagus racemosus root powder on milk yield and milk composition. The experiment was performed to determine the milk yield and milk protein, fat, total milk solid, and milk acidity after using Asparagus racemosus as a food supplement. The animals were selected based on purposive sampling to select lactate buffalo to avoid or reduced the error. During the experiment, animals fed in three phases; control, treatment, and the residual phase. In control phase animal diet normal ration, whereas in the treatment phase, a buffalo was diet 120 gram of Asparagus racemosus root powder in addition to its normal diet per buffalo per day. While in the residual phase, the animal was diet only normal ration. Each phase has been 5 days. The Milk collected from lactating buffalo in three phases; control, treatment, and the residual period. Each period has been five day. We also measured milk yield per day per buffalo. About 50 ml of milk was collected from each five buffalo every morning for 15 days. The data was analyzed through one way ANOVA and T-test using the procedure of statistical software. The result indicates that the diet was statistically significant effecting on milk yield at 5% (0.0196), protein at 1% (0.0113) and fat at 1% (0.0007) while the insignificant effect on milk acidity p >30 (0.3909) and total solid p >80 (0.8904). Therefore, feeding Asparagus racemosus, positively affects milk yield and milk protein and milk fat content.
  1. AOAC.(1990). Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists Inc., Virginia, USA.
  2. Behera, P. C., Tripathy, D. P., & Parija, S. C. (2013). Shatavari: potentials for galactogogue in dairy cows.
  3. Broudiscou, L. P., Papon, Y., & Broudiscou, A. F. (2002). Effects of dry plant extracts on feed degradation and the production of rumen microbial biomass in a dual outflow fermenter. Animal Feed Science and Technology101(1-4), 183-189.
  5. F.A.O. Methods of test for Dairy Industry – Rapid Examination of Milk. Manual of Food Quality Control, IS 1479 (Part I) Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1961.
  6. ISO 6731, (1989). Milk, Cream and Evaporated milk. Determination of total Solids Content. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1989
  7. Jetmalani, M. H., P. B. Sabins, and B. B. Gaitonde. A study on the pharmacology of various extracts of Shatavari-Asparagus racemosus (Willd). J Res Indian Med 2 (1967): 1-10.
  8. Johnsson, I. D., Hart, I. C., Simmonds, A. D., & Morant, S. V. (1985). Pre-pubertal mammogenesis in the sheep 2. The effects of level of nutrition on the plasma concentrations of growth hormone, insulin and prolactin at various ages in female lambs and their relationship with mammary development. Animal Science41(3), 333
  9. Krishana, L., Swarup, D., & Patra, R. C. (2005). An overview of prospects of ethno veterinary medicine in India. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences75(12).
  10. Kumar, S., Mehla, R. K., & Dang, A. K. (2008). Use of shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) as a galactopoietic and therapeutic herb–a review. Agric. Rev29(2), 132-138.
  11. Kumar, S., Mehla, R. K., & Singh, M. (2014). Effect of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) on milk production and Immune-modulation in Karan Fries crossbred cows.
  12. Lowry, O. H., Rosebrough, N. J., Farr, A. L., & Randall, R. J. (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. Journal of biological chemistry193, 265-275.
  13. Marziali, A. S., & Ng-Kwai-Hang, K. F. (1986). Relationships between milk protein polymorphisms and cheese yielding capacity. Journal of Dairy Science69(5), 1193.
  14. Patel, V. K., Joshi, A., Kalma, R. P., Parmar, S. C., Damor, S. V., & Chaudhary, K. R. (2016). Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata) and Methi (Trigonella foenum-graecum): the herbal galactogogues for ruminants. Journal of Livestock Science (ISSN online 2277-6214)7, 231-237.
  15. Pawar, S. D., Hande, S. T., & Somkuwar, A. P. (2005). Role of herbal plants in enhancing milk production in dairy animals. Indian Dairyman57(6), 62.
  16. Pehrsson, P. R., Haytowitz, D. B., Holden, J., Perry, C. R., & Beckler, D. G. (2000).USDA's national food and nutrient analysis program: food sampling. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis13(4), 379-389. racemosus on mammary glands of rats”. Indian J Exp 6:55–57.
  17. Ramesh, P. T. (2000). Evaluation of Galactin, a herbal galactagogue preparation in dairy cows. group6(6.039), 5-563.
  18. Sabins PB, Gaitonde BB, Jetmalani M (1969).”Effect of alcoholic extract of Asparagus
  19. Saini, V. P. (2017). Effect of Herbal Feed Supplement Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) on Nutrient Utilization and Milk Production in Crossbred Cows (Doctoral dissertation, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner).       
  20. Santosh, K., Mehla, R. K., Gupta, A. K., Sharma, V., Meena, R. K., Dandi, R. L., & Anand,  P. (2011). Effect of herbal feed supplement Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus) on milk production and composition in crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences81(4), 420-423.
  21. Snedecor, G. W., & Cochran, W. G. (1989). Statistical methods, 8thEdn. Ames: Iowa State Univ. Press Iowa.
  22. Tedesco, D., Tava, A., Galletti, S., Tameni, M., Varisco, G., Costa, A., & Steidler, S. (2004). Effects of silymarin, a natural hepatoprotector, in periparturient dairy cows. Journal of dairy science87(7), 2239-2247.
  23. Turner, J. C., & Davies, W. P. (2002, March). The modern food chain: profiting from effective integration. In Trade Partners UK and Ministry of Agriculture Modern Food Chain Seminar, Kuala Lumpur (Vol. 26, pp. 1-37).

Editorial Board

View all (0)