Mineral interrelationship among soil, forage and dairy cattle in temperate sub- alpine zone of Mizoram

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.v36i03.8966    | Article Id: DR-1239 | Page : 184-190
Citation :- Mineral interrelationship among soil, forage and dairy cattle in temperate sub- alpine zone of Mizoram.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2017.(36):184-190
Suzanne Malsawmthangi and A.K. Samanta aksamanta73@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry Central Agricultural University, Selesih, Aizawl-796014 Mizoram
Submitted Date : 28-03-2017
Accepted Date : 18-07-2017

Abstract

The present experiment was conducted to study the soil, plant, animal interrelationship in the temperate sub-alpine zone of Mizoram. Soil, fodder, concentrate feed, milk and serum of lactating cows were collected from different blocks of temperate sub-alpine zone of Mizoram. The samples were digested for mineral estimation in a Microwave digester and analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The soil mineral status showed that Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and Co were above the critical level and the differences between different blocks of the said zone were significant (p<0.01). The Ca content of concentrate feed showed lower value as well as P and Zn content in the fodder showed lower value than the critical level. The macro and micro mineral content of serum of dairy cattle in  the study area were lower than the critical level except Fe, Zn, Mn and Co. Cu and Zn showed significant differences(P< 0.01)  among different blocks. Correlation values between soil- fodder showed highly significant (p<0.01) positive correlation for Mn, and significant (p<0.05) positive correlation for Co. Fodder-cattle correlation was positive except for Fe where negative correlation was observed and soil- cattle showed positive correlation except for P and Cu. Equations were developed in the present study for prediction of all the minerals based on status of minerals in soil, fodder and cattle. It can be concluded that dairy cattle in temperate sub- alpine zone of Mizoram showed deficiency in most of the minerals and supplementation of area specific mineral mixture is essential for optimum production.

Keywords

Area specific Mineral mixture Dairy cattle Feeds Fodder Milk Serum Soil.

References

  1. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.
  2. Burk, R.F. (1978): Selenium in nutrition. World Record on Nutrition Diet, 30: 88-106.
  3. Bhat, M.S., Shaheen, M., Zaman, R. and Muhee, A. (2011). Mineral Inter-relationship among soil, forage and dairy cattle in Kashmir, India. Vet. World.; 4(12):550-553.
  4. Das, G., Sharma, M.C., Joshi, C. and Tiwari, R. (2009). Status of soil, fodder and serum (cattle) mineral in high rainfall area of NE region. Indian. J. of Anim. Sci., 79(3):306-310.
  5. Garg, M.R., Bhanderi, B.M. and Sherasia, P.L. (2004). The status of certain trace minerals in feed and fodders in Kutch District of Gujarat. Indian. J. Anim. Nutr., 21(1): 8-12.
  6. Garg, M.R., Bhanderi, B.M. and Sherasia, P.L. (2005). Assessment of adequacy of macro and micro mineral content of feedstuffs for dairy animals in semi-arid zone of Rajasthan. Anim. Nutr. Feed Tech., 5: 9–20.
  7. Gowda, N.K.S.; Prasad, C.S.; Raman, J.V.; Srivaramaiah, M.T. (2002). Assessment of Mineral Status in Hilly and Central Dry Zones of Karnataka and ways to supplement them.Indian J. of Anim. Sci. 72(2): 165.
  8. Gupta, V.P., Kumar, V., Roy, D. and Kumar, M. (2016). Macro and micro-mineral profile of feeds, fodders and blood of livestock under farm condition in Mathura district of India. Indian J. Anim. Res., 50(2):203-204.
  9. Hui, W., Yong-ming, L., Zhi-ming, Q.I., Sheng-yi, W., Shi-xiang, L., Xia, L.I., Hai-jun, W., Xiao-li, W., Xin-chao, X.I.A. and Xin-    giang, Z.H.U. (2014). The estimation of soil trace elements distribution and soil-plant-animal continuum in relation to trace elements status of sheep in Huangcheng Area of Qilian Mountain Grassland, China. Journal of Integrated Agriculture, 13 (1):140-147.
  10. Kawitkar, S.B. (2004). Mineral status of Deoni animals in relation to soil feed and fodders in UdgirTaluka of Maharashtra State. Ph.D thesis submitted to MAFSU, Nagpur.
  11. Kumaresan, A.; Bujarbaruah, K.M.; Pathak, K.A.; Brajendra and Ramesh, T. (2010). Soil- plant- animal continuum in relation to macro and micro mineral status of dairy cattle in subtropical hill agro ecosystem. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 42:569-577.
  12. McDowell, L.R.;Conrad, J.H.;Ellis, G.L.; Loosli,L.K.(1983).Minerals for Grazing Ruminants in ropical Regions, Extension Bulletin1149, Animal Science Department, University of Florida, Gainseville.
  13. Panda, M.K.; Panda,N.; Swain, R.K.; Behera, P.C.; Sahoo, S.P.; Jena, S.C. and Sahu, A.R. (2015). Minerals profile of soil, feed, fodder and serum of dairy cattle in North Easten Ghat (NEG) of Odisha. J. of Anim. Res. 5(2):341-346.
  14. Radostits O.M., Gay C.C., Hinchcliff K.W. and Constable P.D.(2007).Veterinary Medicine –A text book of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats.10th Edn. Saunders Elsevier, London.Pp.1242- 1244.
  15. Ramana, D.B.V., Nirmala, G. and Vijay Kumar, A. (2011). Mineral profile of feeds, fodders and blood plasma of dairy animals in    KVK adopted villages of Ranga Reddy district in Andhra Pradesh. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res & Dev., 26(1):26-31.
  16. Sanchez, P.A. (1976). Properties and management of soils in the Tropics. John Wiley and Sons, New York. Pp-618.
  17. Sarma,K.; Buragohain,R. and Kalita, G. (2015). Mineral status in soil, fodder and blood serum of dairy cows in Mizoram. Ind. J. Vet & Anim. Sci. Res., 44(2):142-145.
  18. Satapathy, D. Mishra, S.K., Swain, R.K., Sethy, K. and Sahoo, G.R. (2016). Effect of supplementation of area specific mineral mixture on performance of crossbred cows with reproductive disorders in Kakatpur Block. Indian. J. Anim. Nutr., 33(3): 279-284.
  19. Singh, B.K., Chopra, R.C., Rai, S.N., Verma, M.P. and Mohanta, R.K. (2016). Effect of feeding seaweed as mineral source on mineral metabolism, blood and milk mineral profile in cows. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci., 86(1):89-95.
  20. Sirohi, S., and Chauhan, A.K. (2010). Current scenario of livestock development and potential interventions for livelihood improvement: The cases of Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram. Background Paper. ELKS Publication Series 1. Nairobi, Kenya, ILRI.
  21. Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G. (1994). Statistical Methods. 8thEdn. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Calcutta, India.
  22. Tajera, R.L., Luis, G., González-Weller, D., Caballero, J.M., Gutiérrez, A.J., Rubio, C. and Hardisson, A. (2013). Metals in wheat flour; comparative study and safety control. Nutr. Hosp., 28: 506-513.
  23. Underwood, E. J. and Suttle, N. G. (1999).The Mineral Nutrition of Livestock. 3rd edn. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK.
  24. Yadav, P.S., Mandal, A.B., Kapoor, V., Sunaria, K.R. and Mann, N.S. (1998). Mineral status of cows and buffaloes in Rewari district of Haryana. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 68(10):1059-1061.
  25. Yadav, S. and Khirwar, S.S. (1999). Soil- plant- animal relationship of copper in buffaloes of Jind District of Haryana. Indian J. of Anim. Sci., 69: 718-721.
  26. Youssef, F.G., McDowell, L.R. and Brathwaite, R.A.I. (1999). The status of certain trace minerals and sulphur of some tropical grasses in Trinidad. Tropical Agriculture, 76: 57-62. 

Global Footprints