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Saga of Hunger in India- Challenges, Chances and Resolutions: A Review

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.R-2183    | Article Id: R-2183 | Page : 398-407
Citation :- Saga of Hunger in India- Challenges, Chances and Resolutions: A Review.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):398-407
Zahoor A. Pampori drzap64@gmail.com
Address : Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Kashmir, Srinagar-190 006, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Submitted Date : 27-02-2021
Accepted Date : 12-05-2021

Abstract

India became independent in 1947, when it was still reeling from the impact of the 1943 Bengal famine and world as a whole was experiencing the brunt of world war second. Thus India was born hungry in a hungry world. The country leaders were well aware of the challenge that India was expected to face in terms of food security and it was Jawaharlal Nehru who said everything can wait but not agriculture. The first president of India Rajendra Prasad after taking the chair, the first thing he did was to hoist the flag at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, declaring “India’s most pressing task would be to conquer the battle of hunger. The Indian population has increased tremendously from 376 million in 1950 to 1380 million in 2020 and it is agriculture and its allied sectors that sustained such a huge population. India still has a significant proportion of population 14% undernourished, 35% children stunted, 20% children underweight, 52% women of reproductive age anaemic. India could bring out green revolution, white revolution and blue revolution in order to provide food security to its people. India presently is not food deficient; it has attained self sufficiency in food production and stands exporters of food. However the irony is that India stands at place 102 in global hunger index with score of 30 that is a matter of concern (Global Hunger Index-GHI, 2019). The problem is in making this food available to the people or access to the food is ensured. India needs nutritional security rather than food security besides transformation in agriculture and allied sectors to become free from hunger. The task is tough and precipitated by Covid-19 pandemic, but not impossible. India has much strength but will need research, extension, implementation and policy framing to have sustainable, nutrition sensitive, climate resilient, integrated and smart agriculture to eliminate hunger.

Keywords

Food safety and security Hunger Indian agriculture Malnourishment Nutritional security Nutrition sensitive agriculture Smart Farming Sustainable agriculture

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