Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 33 issue 3 (september 2014) : 234-236


Rashmi Singh*, Somali Misra
1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Home Science, CSAUA&T, Kanpur–208 002, India
Cite article:- Singh* Rashmi, Misra Somali (2024). FLUORINE CONTENT IN WATER AND PREVALENCE OF FLUOROSIS IN KANPUR CITY. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 33(3): 234-236. doi: 10.5958/0976-0563.2014.00609.5.
Fluorides are the 13th commonest element in the earth’s crust. Water is the major source which contains fluoride in varying quantities. Recommended optimum level of fluoride for drinking water is 0.7 to 1.2 ppm . Fluorosis is a disease caused by deposition of fluorides in the hard and soft tissues of the body.  The present study was conducted in rural and urban areas of district Kanpur. School children aged 10-12 years were observed clinically to assess the prevalence of fluorosis. The mean fluoride level in water was 1.59 ppm in rural area and 1.21 ppm in urban area of Kanpur. The prevalence of fluorosis was more in rural area (14.2%) as compared to urban area (6.2%). Majority of the respondents were having very mild form of fluorosis. Community Fluorosis Index (CFI) calculated was 0.27. No association was found between problem of dental fluorosis and dental caries.
  1. Baskaradoss, J.K. et al., (2008):Indian Journal of Dental Research,19(4),297-303.
  2. Gopalan C. et al., (1989):Nutritive value of Indian Foods. NIN, ICMR, Hyderabad
  3. Perinetti, G. et al., (2006):Oral Health Pre. Dent, 4(3) 199-207
  4. Quyang, W. et al., (2000):PubMed. 35(1), 47-49
  5. Rahmatulla, M.; and Wyne, A.N. (1993):Indian Journal of Dental Research, 4(1) 17-20
  6. Times of India (2004):http://times of
  7. Taras, T. et al., (1967): Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater including bottom sediments and sludges.
  8. Uedo, O.M. E. et al., (2004).Journal of Applied Oral Science, 12(1)
  9. UNICEF (1995): Fluoride Action network
  10. World Health Organization (1963):International standards for drinking water. 2nd edition. WHO, Geneva.
  11. World Health Organization (1997).Oral health surveys: Basic methods. 4th edition. WHO,Geneva

Editorial Board

View all (0)