Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 40 issue 2 (june 2021) : 142-146

A Study on Farming Conditions and Production Performance of Available Genotypes under Commercial Dairying of Chittagong Bangladesh

Tanni Chanda, M.K.I. Khan, G.C. Chanda, G.K. Debnath
1Department of Dairy Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali, Bangladesh.
Cite article:- Chanda Tanni, Khan M.K.I., Chanda G.C., Debnath G.K. (2021). A Study on Farming Conditions and Production Performance of Available Genotypes under Commercial Dairying of Chittagong Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(2): 142-146. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-205.
Background: There are no in-depth research on commercial dairying management and performance of dairy cows under commercial dairying in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The good farming practice and cow’s productivity leads the farm profitability. This study may assist to overcome the problems related to the profitability of dairy farms.
Methods: The study was conducted in 28 commercial dairy farms based on two types of data. Primary data: generated from stock inventory and farm management information using a pretested survey questionnaire and analyzed data of average production performance and quality of milk traits indifferent crosses collected directly four times season wise (summer, monsoon and winter) from each selected farms of Chittagong, Bangladesh from 2014 to 2015.
Result: Overall management system of irrespective categories of farms was in moderate condition with some exception. Highest number of milking animal was 50% HF × 50% L cross under all farm categories. Crosses of 75% HF × 25% L were highest in number under farm category A and lowest C. In terms of milk quality and quantity, farms with higher number of animals were in better condition. Daily average milk yield was significantly higher in monsoon followed by summer and winter. Therefore, this current study would be helpful for the dairy farmers to find out an expected solution to overcome the problems in this sector.
  1. Adesina, K. (2012). Effect of breed on the composition of cow milk under traditional management practices in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management. 16(1): 55-59.
  2. Basset, M.A., Huque, K.S., Sarker N.R., Hossain M.M. and Islam M.N. (2010). Evaluation of milk urea nitrogen of dairy cows reared under different feed based in the different season. Journal Science Foundation. 8(1 and 2): 97-110.
  3. Chowdhury, S., Barua, S.R., Rakib, T.M., Rahman, M.M., Ferdushy, T., Hossain, M.A., Islam, M.S., Masuduzzaman M. (2017). Survey of calf management and hygiene practices adopted in commercial dairy farms in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 5(1): 14-22.
  4. Diego, B.N. and Hélio, L. (2011). Breed and season influence on milk quality parameters and in mastitis occurrence. Vetrinarian Brasilian dezembro. 31(12): 1045-1052.
  5. Faruk, M.S.A., Islam, S.K.M.A., Alam, M., Deb, A. and Chanda, G.C. (2015). Husbandry practices of dairy farming at Chittagong sub-urban area. International Journal of Natural Sciences. 5(2): 59-65.
  6. Galukande, E., Mulindwa, H., Wurzinger, M., Roschinsky, R., Mwai, A.O. and Sölkner, J. (2013). Cross breeding cattle for milk production in the tropics: achievements, challenges and opportunities. Animal Genetic Resources. 52: 111-125.
  7. Gebrehiwet, B.H. (2020). Dairy cattle cross-breeding in Ethiopia: Challenges and Opportunities: A Review. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 39(3): 180-186.
  8. Harisha, M., Satyanarayan, K., Jagadeeswary, V., Lalith Achoth, Rajeshwari, Y.B. and Nagaraj, C.S. (2015). Milk production trends in Kolar and Chikkaballapur districts of Karnataka, India, Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 34(2): 113-115.
  9. Heifer International. (2013). Final Report on Dairy Value Chain Development in Bangladesh. pp 41.9116742http://heifer
  10. Hoque, M.J., Alam, N.D. and Nahid. A.K. (2018). Health consciousness and its effect on perceived knowledge and belief in the purchase intent of liquid milk: consumer insights from an emerging market. 2018. 7(9): 150
  11. Hossain, B. and Dev, S.R. (2013). Physiochemical characteristics of various raw milk samples in a selected dairy plant of Bangladesh. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 1(3): 91-96.
  12. Kahir, M.A., Islam, M.A., Rahman, A.K.M.A., Nahar, A., Rahman, M.S. and Song, H.J. (2008). Prevalence and risk factors of subclinical bovine mastitis in some dairy farms of Sylhet district of Bangladesh. Korean Journal of Veterinary Services. 31(4): 497-504.
  13. Lee, J., Seo, J., Young, L.S., Ki, K.S. and Seo, S. (2014). Meta-analysis of factors affecting milk componentyields in dairy cattle. Journal of Animal Science and Technology. 56(5): 2-5.
  14. Mariammal, R., Seethalakshmi, M. and Narmatha, N. (2018). Knowledge and adoption of improved dairy management practices among women dairy farmers in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu, India. Asian Journal Dairy and Food Research. 37(2): 105-108.
  15. Matondi, G.H.M., Nyamushamba, G.B., Motsi, T.T. and Masama, E. (2014). Evaluation of smallholder dairy calf rearing systems in Zimbabwe. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 26(3): 44.
  16. Nath, B.K., Das, B.C., Bari, M.S. and Rahman, M.A. (2014). Prevalence and risk factors of repeat breeding in commercial dairy farms of Chittagong district of Bangladesh. International Journal of Natural Sciences. 4(1): 21-27.
  17. Shibru, D., Tamir, B., Kasa, F. and Goshu, G. (2019). Effect of season, parity, exotic gene level and lactation stage on milk yield and composition of Holstein Friesian crosses in central highlands of Ethiopia. European Journal of Experimental Biology. 9: 4-15.
  18. Sikder, M.S.I., Akteruzzaman, M., Parveen S. and Shamsuddin, M. (2009). Economics of community dairy farming in Satkhira district. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science. 38 (1-2): 164-169.
  19. Simões, M.G., Portal, R.E., Rabelo, J.G. and Ferreira, C.L.L.F. (2014). Seasonal variations affect the physicochemical composition of Buffalo milk and artisanal cheeses produced in Marajó Island (Pa, Brazil). Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology. 6(1): 81-91.
  20. Wangdi, J., Zangmo, T., Karma, Mindu. and Bhujel, P. (2016). Compositional quality of cow’s milk and its seasonal variations in Bhutan. Livestock Research for Rural Development 28(1): 
  21. Yeamkong, S., Koonawootrittriron, S., Elzo, M.A. and Suwanasopee, T. (2010). Effect of experience, education, record keeping, labor and decision making on monthly milk yield and revenue of dairy farms supported by a private organization in Central Thailand. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 23: 814-824.

Editorial Board

View all (0)