Loading...

A Comparative Effect of Clove Essential Oil with Multi-strain Probiotic and Antibiotic on Blood Biochemical Profile in Broiler

DOI: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1648    | Article Id: DR-1648 | Page : 456-460
Citation :- A Comparative Effect of Clove Essential Oil with Multi-strain Probiotic and Antibiotic on Blood Biochemical Profile in Broiler.Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research.2021.(40):456-460
Baishali Shil, Anurup Kr. Gohain, Mridushmita Sonowal, Rita Nath, Sapath Acharjee, Pranjal Borah mridusassam@gmail.com
Address : Livestock Research Station, Assam Agricultural University, Mandira-781 127, Kamrup, Assam, India.
Submitted Date : 22-03-2021
Accepted Date : 13-07-2021

Abstract

Background: An experiment was conducted to compare the blood biochemical profile of broiler chicken feeding three different types of feed additives. 
Methods: 180 day old broilers chicks of Ven Cobb 400 strain were distributed randomly into 4 groups (T0, T1, T2 and T3) having 45 chicks in each group on the basis of their body weight. Each group divided into 3 replicates of 15 chicks in each. Rations are computed as per BIS (2007) to meet the nutrient requirement and other three groups (T1, T2 and T3) were offered the same standard ration of the control group but supplemented with zinc bacitracin @ 55 mg/kg (T1), probiotic @ 150 mg/kg (T2) and clove oil @ 400 ppm (T3). 
Result: The result of the experiment showed significant difference (p<0.05) in the level of Glucose in T3 group whereas, protein, albumin, globulin, A:G ratio, ALT and AST did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Probiotic @ 150 mg/kg and clove oil @ 400 ppm supplemented groups showed significant (p<0.05) better cholesterol level compared to control and zinc bacitracin @ 55 mg/kg.

Keywords

Chicken Cholesterol Glucose

References

  1. BIS (2007). Requirement for Chicken Feeds. IS: 1374-2007. Manak Bhawan, 9 Bahadurshah Zafar Marg, New Delhi-110 001.
  2. Cabuk, M., Alcicek, A.M.B. and Imre, N. (2003). Antimicrobial Properties of the Essential Oils isolated from Aromatic Plants and using Possibility as Alternative Feed Additives. Pp. 184-187 in Proc. 2nd Natal. Anim. Nutr. Cong. Konya, Turkey. 
  3. Clegg, R.J. and Mbada, W. (1980). Inhibition of hepatic cholesterol synthesis and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coA reductase. Biochemical. Pharmacol. 29: 2125-2127.
  4. Dragland, S.; Senoo, H.; Wake, K.; Holte, K. and Blomhoff, R. (2003). several culinary and medicinal herbs are important sources of dietary antioxidants. J. Nutr. 133: 1286-1290.
  5. Duncan, David B. (1955). Multiple ranges and multiple F test. 11:.1-42. 
  6. Ehrich, J.; Bauermann, U. and Thomann, R. (1995). Antimicrobial effect of CO2 spice extracts from summer savory to cinnamon. Lebensmitteltechnik. 27(11): 51-53.
  7. Feng, J. and Lipton, J.M. (1987). Eugenol: Antipyretic activity in rabbits. Neuropharmacology. 26: 1775-1778.
  8. Fukashima M. and Nakano M. (1995). The effect of probiotic on faecal and liver lipid classes in rats. Br. J. Nutr. 73: 701-710.
  9. Jin, S. and Cho, K.H. (2011). Water extracts of cinnamon and clove exhibits potent inhibition of protein glycation and anti-atherosclerotic activity in vitro and in vivo hypolipidemic activity in zebrafish. Food Chem. Toxicol. 49: 1521-1529.
  10. Kalavathy R., Abdullah, N. and Jalaludin S. (2003). Effect of lactobacillus cultures on growth performance, abdominal fat deposition, serum lipid and weight of organs of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 44: 139-144.
  11. Kamel, C. (2001). Tracing Modes of Action and the Roles of Plant Extracts in non-ruminants in: [Gams Worthy, P.C. and Wiseman, J. (editor)] Recent Advance in Animal Nutrition, Nottingham University Press. 133-150.
  12. Khaksar, V., Krimpen, M.V., Hashemipour, H. and Pilevar, M. (2012). Effects of thyme essential oil on performance, some blood parameters and ileal microflora of Japanese Quail. J. Poult. Sci. 25: 201-10.
  13. Mahrous, H.S., El-Far, A.H., Sadek, K.M. and Abdel-Latif, M.A. (2017). Effects of different levels of clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum) dietary supplementation on immunity, antioxidant status and performance of broiler chickens. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 54: 29-39.
  14. Mohammadi, Z., Ghazanfari, S. and Moradi, M.A. (2014). Effect of supplementing clove essential oil to the diet on microflora population, intestinal morphology, blood parameters and performance of broilers. Eur. Poult. Sci. 78: 1-11.
  15. Mohan, B., Kadirvel R., Bhaskaran, M. and Natarajan, A. (1995). Effect of probiotic supplementation on serum/yolk cholesterol and on egg shell thickness in layers. Br. Poult. Sci. 36: 779-803.
  16. Prasad, N.S., Raghavendra, R., Lokesh, B.R. and Naidu, K.A. (2004). Spice phenolics inhibit human PMNL 5- lipoxygenase. Prostaglandins, Lekotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. 70: 521-528
  17. Prashar, A., Locke, I.C. and Evans, C.S. (2006). Cytotoxicity of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) oil and its major components to human skin cells. Cell Prolif. 39: 241-248.
  18. Sabu, M.C. and Kuttan, R. (2002). Anti diabetic activity of medicinal plants and its relationship with their antioxidant properties. J. Ethnopharmacol. 81: 155-160.
  19. Shimaa, M.H. (2015). Effect of some levels of cardamom, clove and anise on hepatotoxicity in rats caused by CCL4. World App. Sci. Jr. 33 (6): 854-865. 
  20. Tabari, A.S. AL., Zuhairi, Z.A.A.L. and Abdulrazzaq M. (2018). Study the effect of adding aqueous extract of clove (Eugenia caryophyllus) to drinking water in productivity and physiological efficiency of broiler chicken. Bas.J.Vet.Res. 17: 1.
  21. Tariq, H.; Raman Rao, P.V., Mondal, B.C. and Malla, B.A. (2014). Effect of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) and clove (Syzigium aromaticum) supplementation on immune status, haematological and serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 31(3): 293-296.
  22. Zhang, W., Li, D., Lu, W. and Yi, G. (2003). Effect of isomalto oligosaccharides on broiler performance and intestinal microflora. Poult. Sci. 82: 657-663.

Global Footprints