A STUDY ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ASS’S AND CAMEL’S MILK

Article Id: ARCC694 | Page : 81 - 84
Citation :- A STUDY ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ASS’S AND CAMEL’S MILK.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2012.(31):81 - 84
P.S.L. Sesh, K. Loganathasamy and K. Ayyadurai pslsesh@yahoo.com
Address : Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai-600 007, India

Abstract

Both ass’s and camel’s milk are less familiar than cow and buffalo milk in India. However, ass’s milk is used in some parts of India as a local medicine for curing certain diseases. Camel milk is used as food in many parts of Gujarat and Rajasthan. In all 20 samples of ass’s milk and 20 samples of camel’s milk were processed for various chemical analysis. A wide variation in the quality of raw ass’s milk and camel’s milk were observed. The percentage of total solids, fat, total protein, lactose and ash ranged between 6.00-10.60 and 9.07-14.30; 1.00-2.00 and 3.15-5.00; 1.20-1.87 and 2.80-4.85; 3.20-7.24 and 2.25-5.00; 0.53-0.95 and 0.60-1.00 respectively for ass’s and camel’ milk. However, all the other parameters triglycerides, fat, total protein, ash contents of camel’ milk were significantly (P

Keywords

Milk Ass Camel Chemical Composition.

References

  1. Anantakrishnan, C.P. 1941. Studies on ass’s milk J. Dairy Res. 12: 119-130.
  2. Davis, J.G. 1963 Dictionary of Dairying Leonard Hill, London.
  3. Davis, J.O and Mc Donald, S.J. 1952. Richmand’s Dairy Chemistry 2nd ed., Charles Griffen & Co. Ltd., 101.
  4. Durga Devi, S., Kavitha, V. and Sesh, P.S.L. 2008. Animal Science Reporter, 3: 37-38.
  5. El-Bahay, G.M. 1962. Normal contents of Egyptian camel milk, Vet. Med. Journ. 8: 7-17
  6. Fantuz, F., Todini, L., El Jeddad, A., Bolzoni, G., Lebboroni, G., Ferraro, S. and Salimei, E. 2010. Trace elements supplementation to dairy donkey’s diet: Milk yield per milking and major milk components. EAAP 2010 61st Annual meeting of Europian Association for Animal production Aug. 22-27, 2010. Heraklion, Cnetisland, Greece.
  7. FAO, 1982. FAO Animal production and Health papers. Camels and camel milk. Food Agriculture Organisation of United Nations, Rome.
  8. FAO, 1986. Production yearbook.
  9. Farah, Z. and Fischer, A. 2004. Milk and Meat from camel. Hand Book on products and processing. ETH. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.
  10. Grigoryants, N.N. 1954. Composition of camel milk and chal. Vop.pit 13: 41-45.
  11. Harbans singh 1966. Domestic animals. National Book Trust, New Delhi. pp 89.
  12. ILC 2003. Indian Livestock Census, 2003. 17th All India Summary Report Livestock, Poultry, Agricultural Machinery Implements and Fishery Statistics.
  13. IS, 1981. SP: 18(Part XI) Chemical Examination of Milk. Indian Standards Institution, Manak Bhavan, New Delhi.
  14. ISI, 1961 1479. Methods of test for dairy industry Part-II. Chemical Analysis of Milk. Indian Standards Institution, Manak Bhavan, New Delhi.
  15. ISI, 1977. 1224. Determination of Fat by Gerber Method Part I Milk Indian Standards Institution, Manak Bhavan,
  16. New Delhi.
  17. Khaskheli, M., Arain, M.A., Chaudhry, S. Soumro, A.H. and Qureshi, T.A. 2005. Physicochemical quality of camel milk, J. Agri. Soc. Sci. 1: 164-166.
  18. Hussian, M.Z., Mallayasastri, P. and Rao, G.N. 1984. Effect of certain preservatives on composite milk samples stored at room temperature. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 37: 30-33.
  19. Kheraskov, S.G. 1953. Camel’s milk and its products, Konevodstro, 23: 35-37.
  20. Knoess, K.H. 1976. Assignment report on Animal production in Middle Awash Valley, FAO.
  21. Oftedal, O.T. and Jenness, R. 1988 Interspecies variation in milk composition among horses, zebras and asses (Perissodactyla; Equidae) J. Dairy Res. 55: 57-66.
  22. Rao, M. B., Gupta, R.C. and Dastar, N.N. 1970. Camel’s milk and milk products. Ind. J. Dairy Sci. 23: 71-78.
  23. Sawaya, W.N., Khalil, J.K. , Al-Shalhat, A., Al-Mohammed, H., 1984. Chemical composition and nutrition quality of camel milk. J. Food Sci. 49: 744.
  24. Snedecor, GW., and Cochran, WG., 1994 – Statistical Methods, 6th ed. Allied pacific, Bombay.
  25. Taha, N.M. and Kielwein, G. 1989. Studies on the nitrogen distribution and content of peptide bound and free aminoacids in camel, buffalo and ass milk. Milchwissenchaft 44 : 633-636.
  26. Yagil, R, Etzion, Z. 1980. The effect of drought conditions on the quality of camel’s milk J. Dairy Res. 47: 159-166.

Global Footprints