FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS AND THE NUTRITIONAL PROFILE OF THE URBAN SOUTH INDIAN DWELLERS

Article Id: ARCC363 | Page : 235-240
Citation :- FOOD CONSUMPTION PATTERNS AND THE NUTRITIONAL PROFILE OF THE URBAN SOUTH INDIAN DWELLERS.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2013.(32):235-240
S. K. Mathanghi*, G. Hemalatha1, S. Amutha1 and K. Arulmozhichelvan2 mathanghisoma@gmail.com
Address : College of Food and Dairy Technology, Koduvalle, Alamathi Chennai- 600 052, India

Abstract

In urban areas rapid nutrition transition is taking place, Being a representative metropolitan, Chennai was selected for the study. A study group of low to middle income status in the age of 30-60 yr’s with normal glucose tolerance was selected for their food consumption pattern. Information on their socio-economic, anthropometric and dietary assessment was obtained using a detailed socio-economic and food frequency questionnaire. Macronutrient intake of the subjects portrayed a surplus intake of energy in men (10.31 %) and women (27.59 %) in comparison with RDA for Indians. Micronutrient deficit intakes of the study group was seen. Nearly 14 per cent of men and 4 per cent women had total cholesterol above 200 mg/dl and belonged to high-risk group for CVD and other life style disorders. In the selected sample, 88 per cent of males and 38 per cent of females had HDL below 45 mg/dl. Thus 40 percent of males and 18 percent of females were at risk of hypertriglyceridemia. The study revealed that there is a prominent influence of consumption pattern on the nutritional profile of the people and pose them to the risk of CVD and other lifestyle disorders.

Keywords

Consumption patterns Food habits Risk factors of lifestyle diseases Urban population

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