IMPACT OF EDUCATION INTERVENTION ON NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA AMONG POST ADOLESCENT GIRLS

Article Id: ARCC360 | Page : 214-219
Citation :- IMPACT OF EDUCATION INTERVENTION ON NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA AMONG POST ADOLESCENT GIRLS.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2013.(32):214-219
S.M. Savita,* Kamal G. Nath and Sunanda Sharan savitagkvk@gmail.com
Address : Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, GKVK, Bangalore - 560 065, India

Abstract

Approximately 70% of adolescents in India suffer from anaemia, making it one of the most important public health issues. Public intervention programs are essential to combat iron deficiency. Nutrition knowledge and nutrition education is also considered a long term approach to combat iron deficiency anaemiaA total of 207 girls in the age group of 18 to 25 were screened for the hemoglobin status and the knowledge  assessed among the volunteer subjects (156 girls) using the tool developed for the purpose. Nutrition education intervention was carried out through a short lecture using the visual aids (flash cards, posters and display of raw foods such as rich sources, enhancers and inhibitors of iron absorption) followed by discussion. A folder was developed consisting brief information regarding iron, anaemia, sources, enhancers, inhibitors, consequences of anaemia, fortification. The knowledge assessment tool was tested thrice during the study period - initially before the education, soon after the nutrition education and one month later and the subjects were classified on the scores obtained. The classification was made as low, medium and high based on mean ± ½ SD. Thirty percent of the subjects scored low (23) before the education. Assessment of the knowledge immediately after the education programme revealed that 97.44 per cent of subjects scored high (>23) where as 2.56 per cent scored medium (17-23) and one month later, the knowledge level revealed that 95.51 per cent scored high (>23) and 4.49 per cent scored medium (17-23) reflecting that the retention of knowledge is quite satisfactory during follow up assessment. The percentage of correct response ranged from 39 to 69 percent previously followed by 71 to 96 percent at immediately after education intervention and 70 to 91 per cent at one month after education intervention. The response improved after education intervention that could help to combat micronutrient malnutrition.

Keywords

Anaemia Education intervention Nutrition knowledge Post adolescent girls.

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