A PATH ANALYSIS ON THE NOURISHMENT DIRECTED HAEMOGLOBIN STATUS AND RESULTING ENDURANCE CAPACITY OF ADOLESCENT INDIAN RURAL GIRLS

Article Id: ARCC1455
Citation :- A PATH ANALYSIS ON THE NOURISHMENT DIRECTED HAEMOGLOBIN STATUS AND RESULTING ENDURANCE CAPACITY OF ADOLESCENT INDIAN RURAL GIRLS.Asian Journal Of Dairy and Food Research.2010.(29)
Seeja Thomachan Panjikkaran† and V. Usha.
Address : College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur-680 656, India

Abstract

A significant positive correlation of blood hemoglobin status and the endurance capacity as the
function of nutritional status of a cross-sectional population of adolescent rural girls (13-15 years) of
Thrissur district, Kerala State, India has been reported. Anthropometric measurements revealed that
mean body weight and height of adolescent girls were low compared to Indian standards and BMI
indicated a high prevalence (44 per cent) of chronic energy deficiency-Grade III. Very high portion
(88.7 per cent) of the rural population of adolescent girls had energy intakes below normal standards.
The prevalence of major deficiency diseases like dental caries, pigmented skins, glossitis and anaemia
were also studied as functional responses. More than half of the population was suffering from either
or more of the deficiencies and among the clinically identified symptoms, iron deficiency anaemia
was most prevalent (30.0 per cent). Only 40 per cent had acceptable levels of haemoglobin (>12g/dl).
Though none of the adolescent girls had excellent or even good endurance capacity, two-way
frequency analysis revealed a consistent increase in the same with acceptable levels of haemoglobin
(Y = 3.33 X + 26.11) and the nutritional status. The alarming status of malnutrition and its implications
on rural girls is detailed hereunder

Keywords

Adolescence Anaemia BMI Endurance-capacity Haemoglobin Iron deficiency Nutrition.

References

  1. Bakalion F, et al (1994). British J Nutrition 72(3): 427-433.
  2. Brouha, L (1943). Res. Quartely 14(1):31.
  3. Floud R (1992). In: Nutrition and poverty, WIDER Research Studies in Development Economics, Osmani SR, ed. Oxford
  4. University Press.
  5. Fogel RW (1994). Amer Eco Revi 84(3): 369-95.
  6. Chaturvedi S, et al (1996). Indian J. Paediatrics 33(3): 197-201.
  7. Gopalan, C, et al (1989). Nutritive Value of Indian Foods. National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical
  8. Research, Hyderabad, India, pp. 42–45.
  9. ICMR, Indian Council of Medical Research (1989). Nutritional Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for
  10. Indians. New Delhi, p.10.
  11. James WPT, et al (1988). Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 42: 968-981.
  12. Maithili R, et al (2006). In: Proceedings on Workshop on Health and Nutrition, Centre for Development Economics,
  13. Delhi School of Economics, 24th March, 2006.
  14. Mussein GM (1990). Physiology. Little Brown Publishing Co., New York, p. 145.
  15. NIN, National Institute of Nutrition (1983). A Manual of Laboratory Techniques. Raghuramulu, N. ed) NIN-Hyderabad,
  16. India, pp. 180-184.
  17. NNMB, National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, India (2000). Report on National Status of Adolescence 10 (6): 99-102.
  18. Patel KV, et al (2007). Blood 109: 4663-4670.
  19. Rao VK (1987). Indian J Nut Dietet 24: 272-297.
  20. Rao, DH, Vijayaraghavan, K (1996). Anthropometric Assessment of Nutritional Status. Text book of Human Nutrition.
  21. Bamji, M.S., et al ed) Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., Calcutta, pp. 193 - 196
  22. Satyanarayana, K. (1989). Proc. Nutr. Soc. India. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. 35 (1):25 - 26
  23. Satyanarayana, K., et al. (1980). Ann.Hum. Biol. 7:35
  24. Suman KT (2000). M.Sc. Thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, India, p.88
  25. Swaminathan M (1986). Principles of Nutrition and Dietetics. The Bangalore Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd., Bangalore, p.180
  26. Vasanthi, G.E., et al (1994). Indian J. Paediatrics, 31: 127-132.
  27. WHO, (World Health Organization) (1992). Preventing and Controlling Iron Deficiency Anaemia through Primary Health
  28. Care, A Guide for Health Administrators and Programmer Managers, Geneva p.14

Global Footprints