REACTION OF GREENGRAM (VIGNA RADIATA) TO CERCOSPORA CANESCENS (ELL.) AND MART.

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-058X.48.2.023    | Article Id: A-3853 | Page : 140-144
Citation :- REACTION OF GREENGRAM (VIGNA RADIATA) TO CERCOSPORA CANESCENS (ELL.) AND MART..Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2014.(48):140-144
F.A. Bhat, F.A. Mohiddin and Hilal A. Bhat
Address : Sher-e-Kashmir Univ Agric Sci and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar -191 121, India

Abstract

Cercospora canescens was inoculated onto different aged (20-70 days old) plants of greengram (Cv. Shalimar Mung-1). The genotype was found invariably susceptible at all its growth stages with incubation period of 6-7 days and leaf spot diameter of 7.1-7.4mm as recorded after 15 days of inoculation. Total sugar content showed an increasing trend and ranged from 124 to 129 and 133 to 135mg/g dry weight during pre- and post-flowering periods, respectively. The total phenol content also increased with plant age and was maximum (26.5 mg/g dry weigh) in 60 days old plants following which an insignificant decrease (26.5 mg/g dry weight) was recorded.Twenty five genotypes of greengram were screened for resistance against the pathogen under field conditions. The genotypes showed an indifferent response to invasion by C. canescens and none showed absolute resistance. However, five genotypes viz., ML-935, PDM-54, Pusa Vishal, SM-710 and SM-366 were moderately susceptible and manifested lower leaf spot intensity (27.5-30.4 %) and pod infection(34-35.4 %).

Keywords

Cercospora canescens Greengram Leaf spot Phenol Pod infection Sugar.

References

  1. Anonymous, (2008a). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2007-08. Dir. Econ. Stat., Dept. Agri. Coop., Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  2. Anonymous, (2008b). Economic Survey 2007-08. Dir. Econ. Stat., Govt. Jammu & Kashmir.
  3. Chand, R., Lal, M. and Chaurasia, S. (2000). Formae specialis in Cercospora canescens. In: Mitra, D. K.(ed.) Proc Int Conf Integ Pl Dis Manag Sust Agri, Indian Phytopath Soc, New Delhi, pp 164-165.
  4. Chauhan, M.P. and Gupta, R.P. (2004). Genetics of Cercospora leaf spot disease resistance in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilcek]. Legume Res. 27: 155-156.
  5. Daub, M.E. and Ehrenshaft, M. (2000). The photoactivated Cercospora toxin cercosporin. An Rev Phytopath. 38: 461- 490.
  6. dela-Cueva, F.M., Natural, M.P., Hautea, R.A. and Gabriel, A.R. (1992). Pathogenic variation in some isolates of Cercospora canescens on mungbean (Vigna radiata). Phi J Cr Sc. 22: 39.
  7. Dubois, M.K., Gills, A., Hamilton, J.K., Rebarg, P.R. and Smith, F. (1956). Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Ann Chem. 28: 350-356.
  8. Dutta, S., Garain, P.K. and Ray, S.K. (2008). Morphology of mungbean in relation to Cercospora leaf spot disease. Ann Pt Prot Sc. 16: 131-134.
  9. Garain, P.K., Dutta, S. and Bhattacharya, P.M. (2004). Biochemical determinants in mungbean-Cercospora interaction under Terai agro-climatic region of West Bengal. Indian J Pl Prot. 32: 65-71.
  10. Garain, P.K., Dutta, S., Roy, S., Bhattacharya, P.M. and Gayen, P. (2003). Response of mungbean germplasm against some important foliar diseases in pre and post kharif season under Terai agro-climatic region of West Bengal. J Mycopath Res. 41: 201-203.
  11. Iqbal, S.M., Ghafoor, A., Basak, M. and Malik, B.A. (1995). Estimation of losses in yield component of mungbean due to Cercospora leaf spot. Pak J Phytopath. 7: 80-81.
  12. Joshi, A., Souframanien, J., Chand, R. and Pawar, S.E. (2006). Genetic diversity study of Cercospora canescens (Ellis and Martin) isolate, pathogen of Cercospora leaf spot of legumes. Cur Sc. 90: 564-568.
  13. Kasno, A. (1990). The tolerance of mungbean genotypes to Cercospora leaf spot. Penel Pal. 5: 39-47.
  14. Kaur, L. (2007). Multiple disease resistant sources of mungbean. Act Hort. 752: 423-426.
  15. Kulkarni, S., Patil, V.P., Hegde, Y., Konda, C.R. and Deshpande, V.K. (2009). Sources of resistance to anthracnose in greengram and biochemical parameters for resistance. Kar J Agri Sc. 22: 1123-1125.
  16. Lapis, C.B., Natural, M.P., Raymundo, A.D. and Haute, R.A. (1996). Components of quantitative resistance to Cercospora canescens Ellis and Martin in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Phil J Cr Sc. 18: 4.
  17. Mew, I.P.C., Wang, T.C. and Mew, T.W. (1975). Inoculum production and evaluation of mungbean varieties for resistance to Cercospora canescens. Pl Dis Rep. 59: 397-401.
  18. Sindhan, G.S., Indra, H., Parashar, R.D. and Hooda, I. (1999). Source of resistance to Cercospora leaf spot in mungbean and biochemical parameters for resistance. Indian J Mycol Pl Path. 29: 130-132.
  19. Singh, P.P. and Thind, B.S. (1984). Interaction between Xanthomonas campestris pv. vignaeradiatae (Sabet et al.) Dye. and Cercospora canescens Ell. et Mart. on mungbean in relation to disease development. Phytopath Medit. 23: 75-76.
  20. Swain, T. and Hillis, W.E. (1959). Phenolic constituents of Prunus domestica. Quantitative analysis of phenolic constituents. J Food Sc Agric. 10: 63-68.

Global Footprints