EFFECT OF ORGANIC MANURES ON SOIL FERTILITY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SUGARCANE IN NORTH COASTAL ZONE OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Citation :- EFFECT OF ORGANIC MANURES ON SOIL FERTILITY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SUGARCANE IN NORTH COASTAL ZONE OF ANDHRA PRADESH.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2011.(45):307 - 313
The experiment was conducted on a clay loam soil in sugarcane plant-ratoon system at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Anakapalle with a variety 93 A 145 during 2007-08 and 2008-09 to study the comparative performance of effect of different organic manures on soil health and yield of sugarcane. Results revealed that the addition of different organic manures in addition to recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF) resulted in the higher organic carbon content and available nutrient status of the soil compared to chemical fertilizers alone. The plots which received FYM @ 25 t/ha +RDF recorded highest organic carbon (0.55 %) and available N (226 kg/ha). However maximum available P2O5 and K2O (38.89 & 254 kg/ha) was observed in plots which received press mud cake @ 12t/ha +RDF as press mud cake is a rich source of phosphorus (2.76 %). Decrease in pH in manured plots was attributed to increase in partial pressure of CO2 and organic acids due to organic matter decomposition. Slight increase in soil organic carbon content and available nutrient status was observed in ratoon crop than plant crop is due to residual and cumulative effects of added organic manures in ratoon crop. The highest N uptake (301 kg/ha) was recorded with the treatment which received RDF + vermicompost. However maximum phosphorus uptake of 54.11 and 58.96 kg/ha (plant and ratoon crop respectively) was recorded in the treatment which received press mud cake + RDF is due to maximum P availability when compared to other sources. Better juice quality was observed in manure treated plots than RDF alone. Maximum juice sucrose (19.75 %) and % CCS (13.72) was observed in FYM + RDF of plant crop. Farm Yard Manure+ RDF registered higher cane yield (94.18 t/ha) and sugar yield (12.92 t/ha) than application of entire ‘N’ through RDF alone (cane yield: 87.42 t/ha and sugar yield : 11.06 t/ha) but was found at par with vermicompost + RDF (cane yield 93.88 t/ha; sugar yield : 12.59 t/ha). The study showed that integrated use of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers produced higher and sustainable cane yields and maintained the soil fertility (Organic manures, soil fertility, productivity and sugarcane).
- Chandel SRS (2002) Hand book of Agricultural Statistics. Achalprakshan Mandir, Kanpur pp.17-35.
- Kumarjit Singh, R.K. Athokpam Herojit Singh, Changte Zoliana and Gopimohan N. Patel H.S., Mehta, N.J., Patel, M.P. and Vashi, R.D. (1991) Effect of FYM, castor cake and press mud cake on yields and quality of sugarcane. Proceedings of 53rd Annual convention of Sugarcane Technologists Association of India , New Delhi Ag 93 Ag 102.
- Paul, G.C. and Mannan (2007) Integrated fertilizer management packages to improve sugar productivity and soil health. Indian J. Sugarcane Technology vol. 9 (28-35).
- Mallikarjuna Rao, TKVV (1995) Integrated use of pressmud cake and fertilizer N in sugarcane plant ratoon cropping system, Cooperative Sugars 26 : 449-453.
- Meade, G.P. and Chen. J.C.P., (1971) Cane Hand book 10th edition, Johnwiley and Sons. New York.
- Ramalingaswamy, K, Jamuna, P Veerabhadra rao, K Sathyanarayana, Y. and Sharma, BL., Shyam Singh, Ved Prakash, Mishra A.K., Srivatsava P.N., Singh D.N. and Singh S.B. (2006) Integrated Nutrient Management in sugarcane: performance of farm yard manure, biocompost and pressmud cake with inorganic N on growth and quality indices. Cooperative Sugar. 58 : 152-156.
- Sihag, J.P. Singh, D.S. Mehta and Bhardwaj K.K. (2005) Effect of Integrated use of inorganic fertilizers and organic materials on the distribution of different forms of nitrogen and phosphorus in soil, J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 53 : 80-84.
- Singh (2005) Integrated management of Azolla and Vermicompost on yield and nutrient uptake by rice and soil fertility, J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 53 (1) 107-110.
- Singh T. and Singh P.N. (2002) Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil fertility status and productivity of sugarcane grown under sugarcane based cropping sequence. Indian J. Sugarcane Technol 17 (1 &2):53-55.
- Singh, M, Singh, V.P. and Sammi Reddy K (2001) Effect of integrated use of fertilizer N and FYM on transformation of N, K and S and productivity of rice-wheat system on vertisol. J. Indian Soc. of Soil Sci 49 : 430-
- Singh P.D., Saini S.K. and Kumar K. (1995) Response of sugarcane to organic sources and nitrogen. Indian Sugarcane Technol 10 : 24-27.
- Singh, G, Singh, O.P., Singh, R.S. and Yadav R.L. (1991) Effect of pressmud and fertilizer application on growth, yield and quality of cane. Bharathiya Sugars 16 : 27-32.
- Srivastava A.K. (2006) Sugarcane at a glance. International Book Distributing Co., Lucknow pp. 58.
- Swamy K.R. (1989) Effect of potassium on the yield and quality of late harvested sugarcane. Bagladesh J. Sugarcane 11 : 27-31.
- Tandon, HLS 1973 Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Waters and Fertilizers, FDCO, New Delhi.
- Vliet, PCJV, Gupta, VVSR and Abbott, LK (2000) Soil Biota and crop residue decomposition during summer and autumn in South Australia Appli. Soil Ecol. 14 : 111-124.
- Yaduvanshi, N.P.S. and Yadav, D.V. (1993) Integrated management of sulphitation pressmud with fertilizer N for better yield of cane and sugar. Nitrogen economy and improving soil properties in sugarcane ratoon. Indian J. Sugarcane Tech. 8 : 36-40.