Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 43 issue 1 (march 2009) : 10-17

EFFECT OF STONE BARRIER ON RUNOFF AND SOIL LOSS UNDER DIFFERENT DISCHARGE RATE AND SLOPES IN BLACK SOILS OF KARNATAKA–A LABORATORY STUDY

A.K. Singh, Mahesh Kothari, P.K. Mishra1, R.C. Purohit, Virendra Kumar
1Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, College of Technology and Engineering, MPUA&T, Udaipur-313 001, India
  • Submitted|

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Cite article:- Singh A.K., Kothari Mahesh, Mishra1 P.K., Purohit R.C., Kumar Virendra (2024). EFFECT OF STONE BARRIER ON RUNOFF AND SOIL LOSS UNDER DIFFERENT DISCHARGE RATE AND SLOPES IN BLACK SOILS OF KARNATAKA–A LABORATORY STUDY. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 43(1): 10-17. doi: .
An investigation to study the effect of stone barrier under different slopes on runoff and soil
loss in vertisols channel was conducted under the simulated conditions using tilting hydraulic
flume. The fabricated flume can be tilted through screw jacks in the range between 0.0 to 5.0 per
cent slopes and is having perforated bed for collection of deep drainage besides arrangement for
measurement of runoff and soil loss. Flume was kept at four slopes of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 per
cent for a simulated flow of 5.0, 7.5 and 10.00 lps (liter per second) for 15 minutes duration over
30 cm soil depth. Results of this study show that runoff in the bare soil condition was in the range
of 64.10 to 82.00 per cent and under the stone barrier condition 57.30 to 77.92 per cent of total
flow under three discharge rates and four slopes. The stone barrier reduced runoff in the range
of 4.97 to 10.60 per cent and soil loss in the rage of 37.15 to 62.50 per cent under three discharge
rate and four slopes in comparison to bare soil condition. The results can be useful for planning
and design stone barrier in fields waterways in black soils of semi arid region in Karnataka to
check sediment transportation from field to river system
  1. Chitaranjan, S. et al. (1980). Mechanical Structures for Soil Conservation in Deep Black Soils. Extension Bulletin
  2. No.1, CSWCRTI, Research Centre, Bellary-583104 (Karnataka): 1-7.
  3. Dhruvanarayana, V.V and Ram Babu (1983). Irrig. Engg. 109:419- 434.
  4. Rama Mohan Rao.M.S. and Seshachalam, N. (1976). Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 10:52-58

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