Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 54 issue 4 (august 2020) : 506-510

Effectiveness of Melaleuca cajuputi Biochar as a Leaching Loss for Nitrogen Fertilizer and Intercropping in Maize

Aprilia Ike Nurmalasari, Supriyono, Priyono Suryanto, Taufan Alam
1Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta-57126, Central Java, Indonesia.
Cite article:- Nurmalasari Ike Aprilia, Supriyono, Suryanto Priyono, Alam Taufan (2020). Effectiveness of Melaleuca cajuputi Biochar as a Leaching Loss for Nitrogen Fertilizer and Intercropping in Maize. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54(4): 506-510. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-579.
Background: Biochar has a function for soil amendment and leaching loss for nitrogen fertilizer. The objectives of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Melaleuca cajuputi biochar as a leaching loss for nitrogen fertilizer and intercropping in maize.
Methods: The study was conducted from February to June 2019 in Menggoran Forest Resort, Playen District, Gunungkidul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The experimental design was a randomized complete block design (RCBD) factorial with three replications as the response surface methodology (RSM). The treatments consisted of biochar levels made from Melaleuca cajuputi waste (0, 5, 10, 15 tons ha-1) and nitrogen fertilizer levels sourced from urea (0, 150, 300 kg ha-1) as independent variables. The observation parameters were nitrate reductase activity (NRA), total chlorophyll (TC), net photosynthesis (NP), nitrogen loss (NL), nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and seed yield per hectare (SY).
Result: The RSM revealed that the optimum value of 13.290 tons ha-1 of Melaleuca cajuputi biochar (MCB) and 245.350 kg ha-1 of nitrogen fertilizer (NF) can reduced urea by 18.22%. This recommendation increased NRA, TC, NP, NL, NUE and SY by 35.28%, 19.55%, 18.09%, -46.81%, 27.96% and 61.78%, respectively, in compare to the single application of urea. 
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