Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR .258 (2022)

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Character Association and Path Analysis for Yield Components and Biochemical Traits in Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes

Prabhat Kumar Singh, B. Sushma, Nidhi Kumari
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1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Paralakhemundi-761 211, Orissa, India.
Cite article:- Singh Kumar Prabhat, Sushma B., Kumari Nidhi (2022). Character Association and Path Analysis for Yield Components and Biochemical Traits in Maize (Zea mays L.) Genotypes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56(2): 135-140. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5723.
Background: Grain yield is a complex character so direct selection for yield as such can be misleading. Keeping in view, the present study aimed to assess the path coefficient analysis with correlation coefficient technique to establish the direct and indirect relationship between the yield and its component.
Methods: The present investigation carried out during kharif 2019 at Centurion University of Technology and Management, Odisha in randomized complete block design with 3 replication involving 20 maize genotypes. Data were collected from five randomly selected plnts on 20 agromorphic and biochemical traits. All the biochemical analysis estimated from leaf sample following standard procedure.  
Result: The traits shelled grain weight, cob diameter, number of grains per cob and anthesis silking interval were found to possess significant association in disirable direction with five ear weight at both genotypic and phenotypic levels. None of the biochemical trairts establishing significant positive association with yield. Highest positive direct effect on 5 ear weight  was noticed by shelled grain weight (1.108) followed by phenols (0.115), internodal length (0.106) and days to 50 percent anthesis (0.102) indicating that the selection for these characters were likely to bring about an overall improvement in grain yield directly.

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