Loading...

Evaluation of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Based Intercropping Systems with Millets by Varying Row Proportions under Dry Condition

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5596    | Article Id: A-5596 | Page : 501-504
Citation :- Evaluation of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Based Intercropping Systems with Millets by Varying Row Proportions under Dry Condition.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2021.(55):501-504
Sandesha Anishetra, S.B. Kalaghatagi ss.anishettar@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Vijayapur University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad -580 005, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 5-05-2020
Accepted Date : 17-06-2020

Abstract

Background: With the constant rise of the world population, global food security is progressively under threat. So, there is a need for an effective crop scheme such as intercropping that checks all drawbacks and meets the world’s current and future food needs. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the most important minor oilseed crops of Karnataka and cultivated under rainfed situation. Under dry condition, instead of depending on mono-cropping, intercropping is always a better option. As millets are short duration crops, to make better utilization of resources and space; millets are well suited for intercropping systems. Keeping this in view the research study was carried out.
Methods: A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2018-19 at the KVK farm College of Agriculture, Vijayapur in shallow medium black soils. The experiment was laid out in Randomized complete block design with 13 treatments viz. sesame intercropped with foxtail millet, little millet and proso millet in 1:2, 2:4, 3:3 row proportion and their respective sole crops. 
Result: Sole sesame recorded significantly higher grain yield (586 kg ha-1) than the other intercropped sesame. Among intercrops sole foxtail millet recorded higher grain yield (1,435 kg ha-1). Significantly higher (703 kg ha-1) sesame equivalent yield (SEY) was recorded in sesame+foxtail millet in 2:4 row proportions and was on par with sesame + little millet (667 kg ha-1) in 2:4 row proportions. While lowest SEY was observed in sesame + little millet in 3:3 row proportions (631 kg ha-1). Significantly higher land equivalent ratio (LER) and area time equivalent ratio (ATER) were recorded in sesame + foxtail millet in 2:4 row proportions (1.33and 1.28, respectively). Higher dry matter accumulation was noticed in sole sesame (9.70 g plant-1) compared to other intercropped sesame. Significantly higher gross returns (` 50,228 ha-1), net returns (` 36,875 ha-1) and B: C (3.76) was recorded in sesame + foxtail millet in 2:4 row proportions and this intercropping system is more remunerative over sole crops.

Keywords

B:C. Millets Row proportion Sesame Sesame equivalent yield Yield

References

  1. Abdel and Rea. (2014). Effect of groundnut-sesame intercropping and nitrogen fertilizer on yield, yield components and infection of root–rot and wilt diseases . Fac. Agric, Cairo Univ. 27-29. 
  2. Anonymous. (2016). Area, production and productivity, Food and Agriculture Organisation. Website:-http: //www. wikipedia. org
  3. Anonymous. (2017a). Area, production and productivity, DFI committee estimates, Website: -http: //www. dacnet. org
  4. Anonymous. (2018). Importance of intercropping, Website: -http: //www. omicsonline. org
  5. Basavarajappa, R., Prabhakar, A.S. and Halikatti, S.I. (2003). Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica L.) based inter cropping systems under shallow Alfisols. Karnataka. J. Agric. Sci. 16 (4): 514-518. 
  6. Dinesh Kumar, R.B., Ardeshna, B.R., Verma and Patel, A.K. (2017). Growth and yield performance of summer sesame based Intercropping Systems. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6 (6): 331-334. 
  7. Prajwal, N. and Kalaghatagi, S.B. (2018). Studies on castor (Ricinus communis L.) based millets intercropping systems under rainfed condition. J. Farm Sci. 31 (4): 381-383. 
  8. Shivaraj, D.H. (2015). Intercropping of groundnut with minor millets in northern transition zone of Karnataka. M. Sc. (Agri) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci. Dharwad, Karnataka, India. 
  9. Sunilkumar., Shukla, A.K. and Singh, H.V. (2013). Intercropping of pearl millet + cowpea as rainfed fodder crops with aonla based agri-horti-system. Int. J. Horti. 3 (2): 23-25. 
  10. Vajjaramatti, M., and Kalaghatagi, S.B. (2016). Studies on pigeonpea based millets intercropping systems under rainfed conditions. M. Sc. (Agri) Thesis, Univ. Agric. Sci., Dharwad, Karnataka, India. 

Global Footprints