Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.20

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 1 (february 2021) : 93-98

Growth Trends and Instability of Sunflower in Karnataka: An Inter-Districts and Inter-Divisional Analysis

S.M. Jainuddin, Seema, K. Suhasini, T. Lavanya
1Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur-584 104, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Jainuddin S.M., Seema, Suhasini K., Lavanya T. (2020). Growth Trends and Instability of Sunflower in Karnataka: An Inter-Districts and Inter-Divisional Analysis. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(1): 93-98. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5383.
Background: Indian vegetable oil economy is world’s fourth largest after USA, China and Brazil. India was a net exporter of oilseeds and edible oils till 1960s but with stagnation in production and increasing demand for edible oils, India became net importer of edible oils by late-1970s. The government decided to achieve self-sufficiency in edible oilseeds through various policy/schemes such as NODP (1984-85), TMO (1986), OPDP (1991-92) was launched under the TMOP and ISOPOM (2004-05). Karnataka is the sixth largest state in area and production of oilseeds crops in India. Among the oilseed crops, sunflower accounts highest in area (36.71%) and production in state. Hence, the study was undertaken in Karnataka state with the objectives of assessing the growth and instability of sunflower production.
Methods: The growth trends and instability analysis of sunflower was corrie out in Karnataka. The four divisions of the states viz., Bangalore, Mysore, Belgaum and Gulbarga with 30 districts were selected for the study. The data pertaining to area, production and yield of sunflower were collected from many secondary sources and analysed for the period I: 1975-1995 (Pre-WTO), Period II: 1995-2015 (Post-WTO) and whole period: 1975-2015 by using CAGR and CDI Index. 
Result: The growth pattern of sunflower showed a downward trend with respect of area, production and yield in all the four regions of the state during the period II than compared to period I. It might reflect the adverse effect of modern technology on production of sunflower in Karnataka state. The study indicated that the fluctuation in area, production and yield of sunflower were higher during post-WTO period when compared to pre-WTO period in across the districts and divisions. The mixed trend was observed during whole period with respect to growth and instability of sunflower production.
  1. Addisu Tadege Anmaw, (2000). Growth and Instability of oil seeds production in Karnataka (India). M.Sc. (Agri) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad, Karnataka (India).
  2. Anonymous. (2014). Status paper on oilseeds, Department of Agriculture and Co-operation. Ministry of Agriculture. Government of India. pp. 1-2.
  3. Chattopadhyay, A. (2001). Growth, Stability and Equity in Agriculture: a Quantitative Analysis. Concept Publishing Company Ltd, New Dehli. 280.
  4. Girish K.J., Pal, S., Mathur, V.C., Bisaria, G., Anbukkani, P., Burman, R.R. and Dubey, S.K. (2012). Edible oil seeds supply and demand scenario in India : Implications for policy. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
  5. Government of Karnataka. (2012-13). Estimates of principal crops in Karnataka for the year 2012-2013. Annual Report 2012-    13. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Bangalore. Pp. 41-42.
  6. Jainuddin, S.M., Seema, K. Suhasini and Lavanya T. (2019). Determinants of growth and instability of groundnut production in Karnataka: Evidence from Hazel’s Decomposition Model, Economic Affairs. 64(3): 649-661.
  7. Nethrayini, K. R. (2013). Impact assessment of technology mission on oilseeds and pulses in karnataka an unpublished Ph.D thesis submitted to Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka.
  8. Paltasingh, K.R and Goyari, P. (2013). Analyzing growth and instability in subsistence agriculture of Odisha: evidence from major crops. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 26: 67-78.
  9. Pandey, L. M., Sant Kumar and Mruthyunjaya. (2005). Instability, supply response and insurance in oilseeds production in India. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 18 (Conference Issue): 103-114.
  10. Pradeep Kumar, N. (2015). Growth and instability in paddy production in Tamil Nadu: an inter-district analysis. International Journal of Management and Social Science Research Review. 1(17): 288-297.
  11. Ramesh Chand and Raju, S.S. (2009). Instability in Indian agriculture during different phases of technology and policy. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 64(2): 187-207.
  12. Ramarao, I.V.Y. (2003). Growth and instability of agriculture in Andhra Pradesh an unpublished PhD thesis submitted to Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Rajendranagar, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad. 
  13. Rao, I.V.Y.R. and Raju, V.T. (2005). Growth and instability of groundnut, (Arachis hypogaea L.) production in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 22(1): 141-149.
  14. Singh, A.J. and Dhaliwal, S., (1993), production performance, potentials and prospects for oilseeds in India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 48(1): 357-361.

Editorial Board

View all (0)