Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 51 issue 6 (december 2017) : 562-567

Effect of weather on grain yield of direct seeded upland rice varieties in Jharkhand, India

Pragyan Kumari, P. Vijay Kumar, Ramesh Kumar, A.Wadood, Deepak Anuranjan Tirkey
1Department of Agricultural Physics and Meteorology, Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi- 834 006, Jharkhand, India
Cite article:- Kumari Pragyan, Kumar Vijay P., Kumar Ramesh, A.Wadood, Tirkey Anuranjan Deepak (2017). Effect of weather on grain yield of direct seeded upland rice varieties in Jharkhand, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 51(6): 562-567. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4714.
The study was conducted at Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi during the years 2009-2013 for understanding the effect of weather variables on the yield of three direct seeded upland rainfed rice varieties viz., Vandana, BVD-109 and BVD-111 in Jharkhand. Correlation and regression methods were used to estimate the impacts of weather on rice yield. Study indicated that temperature, rainfall and sunshine hours have significant effect on the rice yield. Average minimum temperature during sowing to vegetative stage in cv. Vandana and during flowering in BVD-109 and BVD-111 showed significant negative relationship with yield. Rainfall during vegetative and grain filling stage are significantly and positively related with grain yield in all the three rice varieties. The effect of sunshine hours on grain yield of rice was comparatively higher at milk stage than the other phenological stages in all three varieties. However, the effect of sunshine hours on yield is significant during the milk stage in Vandana and BVD-111 only. Multiple regressions using critical weather parameters in critical stages of the three varieties could explain the variability in yield of Vandana, BVD-109 and BVD-111 by 92, 74 and 91 percent, respectively.
  1. Adhya,T.K , O.N. Singh, P. Swain and A. Ghosh (2008). Rice in Eastern India: Causes for low productivity and available options. Invited paper presented at the second regional review meeting of the QRT of DRR on 11th December 2008 at Barrackpore. Jouranl of Rice Research, 2:1-5.
  2. Basak, J. K., Ali, M. A., Islam, M. N., & Rashid, M. A.(2010). Assessment of the effect of climate change on boro rice production in Bangladesh using DSSAT model.Journal of Civil Engineering (IEB), 38 (2), P. 95-108.
  3. Basak, J. K., (2010). Climate Change Impacts on Rice Production in Bangladesh: Results from a Model.Unnayan Onneshan-The Innovators, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.
  4. FAO-Food and Agriculture Organization (2009). FAOSTAT Database FAO, Rome,
  5. Gupta PC and O’Toole JC (1986) Upland Rice: A Global Perspective. IRRI, Manila, Philippines, p 360
  6. Gupta, R. K., Ladha, J. K., Singh, S., Singh, R., Jat, M. L., Saharawat, Y., Singh, V. P., Singh, S. S., Singh, G., Sah, G., Gathala, M., Sharma, R. K., (2006). Production Technology for Direct Seeded Rice. Technical Bulletin Series 8. In “Rice–Wheat Consortium for the Indo-Gangetic Plains, New Delhi, India,” 14pp.
  7. Moomaw, J.C.,and Vergara, B.S.(1965) The environment of tropical rice production. Proccedings of a symposium at the International Rice Research Institute, The Johns Hopkins press, Baltimore,Maryland pages 3-13.
  8. Nokkoul, R. and Wichitparp,T. (2013). Effects of rainfall on yield and seed quality of three local upland rice varieties produced under organic farming system. Res. J. Environ. Earth Sci., 5: 462-465.
  9. Parry, M. L., Carter,T. R. and Konjin, N. T. (1988b). The impact of climatic variations on agriculture.assessments in semi-arid regions. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  10. Parry, M. L., Carter, T. R. and Konjin, N. T. (1988a). The impact of climatic variations on agriculture. Assessments in cool temperate and cold regions. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  11. Peng, S., Huang, J., Sheehy, J. E., Laza, R. C., Visperas, R. M., Zhong, X. , Centeno, G. S., Khush, G. S. and Cassman, K. G. (2004). Rice yield decline with higher night temperature from global warming. PNAS 101:9971-9975.
  12. Saito, K., Linquist, B., Keobualapha, B., Phanthaboon, K., Shiraiwa,T. and Horie.T. (2006). Cropping intensity and rainfall effects on upland rice yields in northern Laos. Plant Soil, 284:175–185. 
  13. Sarker, M. A. R., Alam, K., & Gow, J. (2012). Exploring the relationship between climate change and rice yield in Bangladesh: An analysis of time series data. Agricultural System, Elsevier Ltd. pp. 11-16.
  14. Saseendran, S. A., Singh, K. K., Rathore, L. S., Singh, S. V. and Sinha., S. K. (2000). Effects of climate change on rice production in the tropical humid climate of Kerala, India. Climate. Change.44:495-514.
  15. Stansel, J.W. (1975). Effective utilization of sunlight. In Six Decades of Rice Research in Texas. Research Monograph 4, Texas Agric. Exp. Sta. pp. 43-50.
  16. Welch, J.R., Vincent, J.R., Auffhammer, M., Moya, P.F., Dobermann, A., Dawe, D., (2010). Rice yields in tropical/subtropical Asia exhibit large but opposing sensitivities to minimum and maximum temperatures. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S. A. 107 (33), 14562–14567.
  17. Wu, S., Ya-Wen Chiueh, Ho-Cheng Lien, Chih-Tsung Hsu 2015. Modeling risk analysis for rice production due to agro-climate change in Taiwan. Paddy and Water Environment. 13, 391-404.
  18. Yoshida S, Satake T, Mackill DJ (1981) High temperature stress in rice. IRRI, Los Baños, Philippines. IRRI Res. Paper Series 67.
  19. Zhang, Y., Tang, Q., Peng, S., Zou, Y., Chen, S., Shi, W., Qin, J., Laza, M.R.C., 2013. Effects of high night temperature on yield and agronomic traits of irrigated riceunder field chamber system condition. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 7 (1), 7. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)