Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 50 issue 6 (december 2016) : 501-510

All India Coordinated Research Projects and Value for Cultivation and Use in field crops in India: Genesis, Outputs and Outcomes 

J.S. Chauhan*, Satinder Pal, P.R. Choudhury, B.B. Singh
1<p>Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi-110 012, India.</p>
Cite article:- Chauhan* J.S., Pal Satinder, Choudhury P.R., Singh B.B. (2016). All India Coordinated Research Projects and Value for Cultivation and Use in field crops in India: Genesis, Outputs and Outcomes . Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 50(6): 501-510. doi: 10.18805/ijare.v50i6.6687.

National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of India comprising Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) is entrusted with development of high yielding, high quality and climate resilient varieties suited to different agro climatic conditions of the country along with matching production and protection technologies has taken several initiatives through its 26 and 30 commodity/theme based research institutes and crop specific All India Coordinated Research Projects (AICRPs) and All India Network Projects  to enhance productivity of different crops. The present paper discusses the genesis of AICRPs in field crops, their organization set up and operation, variety release & notification mechanisms, outputs and outcomes. Multi-disciplinary and multi-location approach and success of first All India Coordinated Maize Improvement Project established in 1957, led to establishment of 21 crop based All India Coordinated Crop Improvement Projects (AICCIPs) and 2 All India Network   Projects (AINPs) beginning with wheat (1961) and rice (1965). Later on, AICCIP was rechristened as All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP). The AICRPs served as platform for analysing G x E interaction leading to identification of stable potential genotypes and played an important role in the development of 4,365 varieties of field crops along with efficient crop management technologies suitable for diverse agro-climatic conditions. Of these, during XII plan (2012-16), 698 varieties comprising 396 of cereals, 108 of oilseeds, 91 of pulses, 49 of fibres, 31 of forages  and 23 of sugarcane were developed. Development of high yielding, stress (biotic and abiotic) tolerant, location specific varieties with matching production/protection technologies, enhanced availability of quality seed, their adoption coupled with enabling policies, excellent service support and innovative farmers resulted into spectacular increase in cereals, pulses and oilseeds production since the inception of AICRPs and Value for Cultivation and Use (VCU). Food production rose from 69.86 million tonnes (1956-57) to 252.22 million tonnes (2015-16) and oilseed production from 8.56 million tonnes (1965) to 25.9 million tonnes (2015-16), increase was 261 % and 202.5%, respectively, a testimony to the spectacular success of AICRPs and VCU system in India.


  1. Anonymous (2015a). Genesis of Coordinated Maize Improvement Project. Indian Institute of Maize Research, New Delhi. 

  2. Anonymous. (2015b). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2014. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi, p.452.

  3. Anonymous. (2016a). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2015. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, p.479.

  4. Anonymous. (2016b). Breeder seed review report 2013-14. 19thBreeder Seed Review Meeting. ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi, January 27, 2016, p. 85.

  5. Anonymous. (2016c). First advance estimates of production of food grains for 2016-17. Agricultural Statistics Division. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, as on 22.09.2016.

  6. Chauhan J. S. (2016). AICRP System and VCU in India (Field Crops). Paper presented in Indo-German Bilateral Cooperation in Seed Sector – Joint Workshop. NAAS, New Delhi. May 22-23, 2016.

  7. Chauhan J. S., Singh, K. H. and Nanjundan, J. (2013). All India Coordinated Research Project on Rapeseed-Mustard Marching Ahead: An inspiring Journey of Three Decades. DRMR, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, p. 65.

  8. Chauhan J. S., Rajendra Prasad S., Pal Satinder, Choudhury P. R. and Udayabhaskar, K. (2016). Seed production of field crops in India: Quality assurance, status, impact and way forward. Indian Journal Agricultural Sciences 86: 563-579.

  9. Tandon J. P., Sharma, S. P., Sandhu, J. S., Yadava D. K., Prabhu, K. V. and Yadav, O. P. (2015). Guidelines for Testing Crop varieties under the All India Coordinated Crop Improvement Projects, Indian Council of agricultural Research, New Delhi, India, p.250.. 

     

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