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Heterosis in bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]

DOI: 10.18805/ijare.v0iOF.3756    | Article Id: A-4399 | Page : 466-470
Citation :- Heterosis in bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] .Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2016.(50):466-470

Mahesh B. Ghuge*, M. M. Syamal1 and Shraddha Karcho2

mbgbhu@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Horticulture, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 002, India.

Submitted Date : 28-02-2015
Accepted Date : 12-08-2016

Abstract

Studies were carried out to estimate heterosis for yield and yield traits in bottle gourd. Heterosis for fruit yield per vine ranged from -35.2 to 23.9 per cent over mid parent and -17.6 to 68.5 per cent over standard check Samrat. For number of fruits per plant and average fruit weight was ranged from -28.2 to17.9 per cent and -22.1 to 22.4 per cent over mid parent and -17.6 to 53.3 per cent and -11.7 to 44.6 per cent over standard check Samrat, respectively. Regarding fruit length the heterosis ranged from -15.1 to 19.9 over mid parent while standard heterosis ranged from -7.05 to 48.9. Heterosis for days to first fruit harvest ranged from -0.53 to -12.4 and -0.55 to -14.7 over mid parent and standard check respectively. It was important to note that six F1 hybrids viz., Samrat X Aditi followed by Aditi X TC 092372, IC 093236 X TC 092372, Samrat X TC 092372, Samrat X IC 093236 and Aditi X PSPL produced significantly higher yield than the standard check Samrat. 
 

Keywords

Fruit diameter Fruit length Heterosis PSPL Samrat Yield per vine.

References

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  2. Sharma, N., Sharma, N.K. and Malik, Y.S. (2009). Estimate of economic heterosis for yield and yield related traits in bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.]. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 38: 137-139
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