Loading...

ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF THE WEED, POLYGONUM ORIENTALE L. ON JUTE

DOI: 10.5958/0976-058X.2014.00661.1    | Article Id: A-4072 | Page : 278-286
Citation :- ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF THE WEED, POLYGONUM ORIENTALE L. ON JUTE.Indian Journal of Agricultural Research.2014.(48):278-286
Abhishek Mukherjee, Ujjwal Malik, Chinmoy Chattopadhay and Anandamay Barik* anandamaybarik@yahoo.co.in
Address : Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan – 713 104, India

Abstract

The allelopathic potential of Polygonum orientale L. was investigated under laboratory conditions and pot experiments in field conditions. Air-dried different parts (viz. leaf, stem, and root) and whole plant of the weed aqueous leachate at 2.5, 5, and 10% (w/v) concentrations were applied to determine their effect on jute (Corchorus olitorious L. cv. JRO 524) seed germination and seedling growth under laboratory conditions. Increasing concentrations of P. orientale whole weed plant leachates inhibited seed germination and seedling growth of jute than the individual leaf, stem, and root leachates of the weed.  Increasing concentrations from whole weed plant followed by weed leaf, stem, and root of this weed significantly inhibited water uptake by jute seeds. The decrease in germination of jute seeds was also correlated with increased electrolyte leakage. Air-dried weed residues of whole weed plant (i.e. 2.5, 5, and 10g) incorporation in soil or application in soil surface also inhibited seed germination and seedling growth of jute seeds in pots at field conditions. The germination, root and shoot lengths inhibition were higher in soil surface placed dry weed residues than soil incorporated dry weed residues.

Keywords

Aqueous leachates Bioassay Germination Jute Polygounum orientale Seedling growth.

References

  1. Ashrafi, Y.Z., Sadeghi, S., Mashhadi, R.H. and Hassan, A.M. (2008). Allelopathic effect of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) on germination and growth of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum). J. Agric. Technol., 4: 219-229.
  2. Bais, H.P., Vepachedu, R., Gilroy, S., Callaway, R.M. and Vivanco, J.M. (2003). Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion: from molecules and genes to species interactions. Science 301: 1377-1380.
  3. Bogatek, R., Gniazdowska, A., Zakrzewska, W., Oracz, K. and Gawronski, S.W. (2006). Allelopathic effects of sunflower extracts on mustard seed germination and seedling growth. Biol. Plant., 50: 156-158.
  4. Cai, S.L. and Mu, X.Q. (2012). Allelopathic potential of aqueous leaf extracts of Datura stramonium L. on seed germination, seedling growth and root anatomy of Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Allelopathy J., 30:235-245. 
  5. Chon, S.U., Jang, H.G., Kim, D.K., Kim, Y.M., Boo, H.O. and Kim, Y.J. (2005). Allelopathic potential in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) plants. Sci. Hortic., 106: 309-317.
  6. Datta, S.C. and Chatterjee, A. K. (1978). Some characteristics of an inhibitory factor in Polygonum orientale L. Indian J.Weed Sci.,10: 23-33.
  7. Datta, S.C. and Chatterjee, A. K. (1980). Allelopathy in Polygonum orientale: inhibition of seed germination and seedling growth of mustard. Com. Physiol Ecol., 5: 54-59.
  8. Fan, P., Hostettmann, K. and Lou, H. (2010). Allelochemicals of the invasive neophyte Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc. (Polygonaceae). Chemoecology, 20: 223-227.
  9. Hobbs, C.H. (1992). Occurrence and distribution of Polygonum species in Ohio. Ohio J.Sci., 92: 88-97.
  10. Ismail, B.S. and Chong, T.V. (2009). Allelopathic effects of Dicranopteris linearis debris on common weeds of Malaysia. Allelopathy J., 23: 277-286.
  11. Inoue, M., Nishimura, H., Li, H.H. and Mizutani, J. (1992). Allelochemicals from Polygonum sachalinense Fr. Schm. (Polygonaceae). J.Chem. Ecol.. 18: 1833-1840.
  12. Mukherjee, A. and Barik, A. (2013). Potential allelopathic effects of Ludwigia adscendens L. on the seed germination and seedling growth of rice. Indian J. Agr. Res., 47: 1-15.
  13. Obaid, K.A. and Qasem, J.R. (2005). Allelopathic activity of common weed species on vegetable crops grown in Jordan. Allelopathy J., 15: 221-235.
  14. Qasem, J.R. (2001). Allelopathic potential of white top and Syrian sage on vegetable crops. Agron J., 93: 64-71.
  15. Roy, N. and Barik, A. (2010). Allelopathic potential of Ludwigia adscendens (L.) on germination and seedling growth of greengram, Vihna radiata (L.) cultivated after rice. Agric. Sci. Digest, 30: 192-196.
  16. Sakpere, A.M., Oziegbe, M. and Bilesanmi, A. (2010). Allelopathic effects of Ludwigia decurrens and L. adscendens subsp. diffusa on germination, seedling growth and yield of Corchorus olitorious L. Not. Sci. Biol., 2: 75-80.
  17. Seal, A.N., Pratley, J.E., Haig, T.J., An, M. and Wu, H. (2010). Plants with phytotoxic potential: Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis). Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 135: 52-57.
  18. Semwal, S., Sharma, R.K., Bamola, A. and Pundeer, G., and Rawat, U. (2010). Anthraquinone glucosides from aerial parts of Polygonum macrophyllum D. Don. Asian J.Trad. Medi., 5: 219-225.
  19. Singh, O. and Rattan, V. (2012). Allelopathic effects of Sarcococca saligna on seed germination and seedling growth of Abies pindrow Spach. Allelopathy J., 29: 161-168. 
  20. Sinha, R. and Lakra, V. (2007). Edible weeds of tribals of Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal. Indian J. Tradit. Know., 6: 217-222.
  21. Singhvi, N.R. and Sharma, K.D. (1984). Allelopathic effects of Ludwigia adscendens L. and Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. on seedling growth of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoidium Rich.). Transactions ISDTUCDS, 9: 95-100.
  22. Tawaha, A.M. and Turk, M.A. (2003). Allelopathic effects of Black mustard (Brassica nigra) on germination and growth of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum). J. Agron. Crop Sci., 189: 298-303.
  23. Wakjira, M., Berecha, G. and Bulti, B. (2005). Allelopathic effects of Parthenium hysterophorus extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of lettuce. Trop. Sci., 45: 159-162.
  24. Wakjira, M. (2009). Allelopathic effects of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on germination and growth of onion. Allelopathy J., 24: 351-362.
  25. Wang, J.C., Wu, Y., Wang, Q., Peng, Y.L., Pan, K.W., Luo, P. and Wu, N. (2009). Allelopathic effects of Jatropha curcas on marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Allelopathy J., 24: 123-130.
  26. Varshney, J.G., Sushil kumar and Mishra, J.S. (2008). Current status of aquatic weeds and their management in India. Proceedings of Tal: (Eds. M. Sengupta and R. Dalwani) The 12 World Lake Conference, Jiapur, 28 October - 2 November 2007: 1039-1045.
  27. Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical Analysis. 4th Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River, USA.
  28. Zhang, C. and Fu, S. (2010). Allelopathic effects of leaf litter and live roots exudates of Eucalyptus species on crops. Allelopathy J., 26: 91-100.

Global Footprints