CHARACTERIZATION AND FERTILITY ASSESSMENT OF SOILS OF MARKAPUR MANDAL, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH FOR SUSTAINABLE LAND USE PLANNING

DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-058X.48.2.021    | Article Id: A-3915 | Page : 127-133
Citation :- CHARACTERIZATION AND FERTILITY ASSESSMENT OF SOILS OF MARKAPUR MANDAL, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH FOR SUSTAINABLE LAND USE PLANNING.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2014.(48):127-133
R.L. Ram*, P.K. Sharma and N. Ahmed1 ramlakhanram08@gmail.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, India

Abstract

A rapid reconnaissance soil survey of Markapur mandal of Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh   was carried out in 2009-10 using geo-referred false colour composite image (IRS-P6, LISS-III) and Survey of India (SOI) topo-maps (1:50,000 scale) set. The soils of hill side slope and undulating pediments developed over quartzite, sandstone and shale complex was shallow to moderately deep, brown (7.5 YR 4/4) to dark brown (7.5 YR 3/4) in colour, well drained with poor fertility. These soils are under forest, open scrub and rainfed farming in patches. The soils of pediplains and stream bank from shale was yellowish red (5 YR 4/6) to dark reddish brown (5 YR 3/3), deep to very deep low fertility and cultivated (rainfed) in pediplains but waste land in stream bank.  The soils of undulating pediments and hill side slope were grouped under land capability class IV and VII whereas soils of pediplains and stream bank were placed under land capability class II and III respectively.

Keywords

Fertility Land use Soil characterization Soil survey.

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