Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 6 (june 2021) : 712-717

Comparative Study of Five Legume Species under Drought Conditions

R. Basheer-Salimia, M.Y. Aloweidat, M.A. Al-Salimiya, Y.A.S. Hamdan, T.A.S. Sayara
1College of Agriculture, Hebron University, Hebron, P.O.Box: 40, Hebron, West-Bank, Palestine.
  • Submitted16-07-2020|

  • Accepted02-03-2021|

  • First Online 26-03-2021|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-577

Cite article:- Basheer-Salimia R., Aloweidat M.Y., Al-Salimiya M.A., Hamdan Y.A.S., Sayara T.A.S. (2021). Comparative Study of Five Legume Species under Drought Conditions. Legume Research. 44(6): 712-717. doi: 10.18805/LR-577.
Background: Vegetative, reproductive and grain-filling phases are critical developmental stages determined legume’s yield and grain quality. Drought is the key factor affecting legumes ontogeny and production. The main goal of the present study is to compare growth, yield and seed quality of different legume species grown under drought conditions. 
Methods: Completely randomized design were used in this experiment with five local legume species including faba bean, chickpea, lentil, common vetch and bitter vetch, with five replicates using a net plot size of 20 m2 area (4m*5m) / replicate. Plants were grown at the eastern slopes of Bethlehem governorate (Latitude 31”67, Longitude, 35”24, Altitude of 629 m, with hilly-moderate to steep slope topography) under drought conditions (average rainfall is 260 mm). Growth performance (germination, flowering, fruit set, maturation, harvesting, stem length and branching), yield components (weight of 100-seeds, fresh weight, seed and hay production) and seed quality traits (percentages of dry weight, protein and ash) were evaluated. 
Result: Significant morphological, yield and grain quality parameters among the evaluated legume genotypes were registered. Positive correlation between branching and total yield was obtained. For economical and sustainable legume grain production, bitter vetch and common vetch could be successfully recommended under drought conditions, whereas faba bean and chickpea cultivation should be excluded from severe drought regions. Significant higher protein content in common vetch, faba bean and lentil was obtained, meanwhile the proximate analysis (dry matter, protein and ash) of the five examined crops found to be slightly high but within the documented international percentage range. Drought seems to be the main factor affecting legumes ontogeny and production, but not the quality parameters.
  1. Akcin, A. (1988). Grain Legumes. Publications of Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University, Publication No: 8, Istanbul, Turkey.
  2. AL-Refaee, M., Turk, M. and Tawaha, A. (2004). Effect of seed size and plant population density on yield and yield components of local faba bean (Vicia faba L. Major), International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 2: 294-299.
  3. Alsalimiya, M., De-Luigi, G., Abu-Rabada, E., Ayyad, H., Basheer-Salimia, R. (2018). Adaption of wheat genotypes to drought stress. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology. 3(1): 182-186.
  4. Anjum, S.A., Ashraf, U., Zohaib, A., Tanveer, M., Naeem, M., Ali, I., Tabassum, T., Nazir, U. (2017). Growth and developmental responses of crop plants under drought stress: A review. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture. 104: 267-276.
  5. Anyia, A.O., Herzog, H. (2004). Genotypic variability in drought performance and recovery in cowpea under controlled environment. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 190: 151-159.
  6. AOAC, (1990). Official Methods of Aanalysis of the AOAC, (15th ed.). Methods 932.06, 925.09, 985.29, 923.03. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arlington, VA, USA.
  7. Basheer-Salimia, R. and Ward, J. (2014). Climate change and its effects on olive tree physiology in Palestine. Review of Research. 3: 1-7.
  8. Basheer-Salimia, R., Shtaya, M., Awad, M., Abdallah, J. and Hamdan, Y. (2013). Genetic diversity of Palestine landraces of faba bean (Vicia faba) based on RAPD markers. Genetic and Molecular Research. 12(3): 3314-3323.
  9. Bond, D.A., Jellis, G.J., Rowland, G.G., Guen, J., Robertson, L.D., Khalil, S.A. and Li-Juan, L. (1994). Present status and future strategy in breeding faba beans (Vicia faba L.) for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Euphytica. 73: 151-66.
  10. Calderini, D.F., Abeledo, L.G., Savin, R., Slafer, G.A., (1999). Final grain weight in wheat as affected by short periods of high temperature during pre- and post-an thesis under field conditions. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology. 26: 453-458.
  11. Dabbagh, A. and Nasab, M. (2011). Effects of water potential on germination and seedling growth of two varieties of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Int. Agricrop. Sci. 3: 61-64.
  12. Day, W. and Legg, B.J. (1983). Water Relations and Irrigation Response. In: The faba bean (Vicia faba L.). A Basis for Improvement. [Hebblethwaite, P.D. (Ed.)], Butterworths, London, U.K. pp: 217-31.
  13. Della, A. (1988). Characteristics and variation of Cyprus faba bean germplasm, FABIS Newsletter. 21: 9-12.
  14. Duc, G., Agrama, H., Bao, S., Berger, J., Bourion, V., De Ron, A. M. (2015b). Breeding annual grain legumes for sustainable agriculture: new methods to approach complex traits and target new cultivar ideotypes. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 34: 381-411. doi: 10.1080/07352689.2014.898469.
  15. Edwards, M. (2010). Morphological features of wheat grain and genotype affecting flour yield, PhD thesis, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW.
  16. Erskine, W. and Saxena, M.C. (1993). Problems and prospects of stress resistance breeding in lentil. In: Breeding for stress tolerance in cool-season food legumes. [(Eds) K.B. Singh, M.C. Saxena](John Wiley and Sons: Chichester, UK). pp. 51-62.
  17. FAOSTAT (2020). Food and Agriculture data. Available online: http:// www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home.
  18. Farooq, M.; Gogoi, N., Barthakur, S., Baroowa, B., Bharadwaj, N., Alghamdi, S.S. (2016). Drought stress in grain legumes during reproduction and grain filling. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 203: 81-102.
  19. Ghassemi-Golezani, K., Mousabeygi, T., Raey, Y and Aharizad, S. (2010). Effects of water stress and pod position on the seed quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Not. Bot Hort. Agrobot. Cluj, 38: 114-118.
  20. ICARDA, (1994). Response of and Genotypic Differences in Food and Feed Legumes to Drought. In: Legume Program Annual Report for 1993, International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria, pp. 172-200.
  21. IPCC, (2012). Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B. Barros, V. Stocker, T.F. Qin, D. Dokken, D.J. Ebi, K.L. Mastrandrea, M.D. Mach, K.J. Plattner, G.K. Allen, S.K. Tignor, M.and Midgley, P.M (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA, pp582.
  22. Kahraman, A., Ceyhan, E., Harmankaya, M. (2015). Nutritional variation and drought tolerance in chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Elementology. 20(2): 331-341. DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.2.674.
  23. Kambal, A.E. (1968). A study of agronomic characters of some varieties of (Vicia faba L.). Journal of Agric. (Cambridge). Sci. 72: 359-363.
  24. Kaya, M.D. and Day, S. (2008). Relationship between seed size and NaCl on germination, seed vigor and early seedling growth of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 3: 787-791.
  25. Kebede, E. (2020). Grain legumes production and productivity in Ethiopian smallholder agricultural system, contribution to livelihoods and the way forward. Cogent Food and Agriculture. 6(1): 1-20.
  26. Khan, M.B., Hussain, M., Raza, A., Farooq, S., Jabran, K. (2015). Seed priming with CaCl2 and ridge planting for improved drought resistance in maize. Turk. J. Agric. For. 39: 193-203.
  27. Kumar, P., Chatli, M.K., Mehta, N., Singh, P., Malav, O.P., Verma, A.K. (2017). Meat analogues: health promising sustainable meat substitutes. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 57: 923-932.
  28. LRC, (2018). Land Research Center data base. Hebron, Palestine.
  29. Malhotra, R.S., Singh, K.B. and Saxena, M.C. (1997). Effect of irrigation on winter–sown chickpea in a Mediterranean environment. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 178: 237-43.
  30. Mc-Vicar, R., Panchuk, K., Brenzil, C., Hartley, S., (2008). Faba Bean in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture. Available at [http://www.agriculture.gov.sk.ca/adx/aspx/adxGetMedia.aspx?DocID=1070,335,185,81,1,Documents and Media ID=5743 and Filename=Faba+Bean+ in+Saskatchewan+-+Printer+Friendly.pdf].
  31. Mut, Z., Akay, H. and. Nevzat, A. (2010). Effects of seed size and drought stress on germination and seedling growth of some oat genotypes (Avena sativa L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 5(10): 1101-1107.
  32. Nachit, M.M., Sorrels, M., Labhilili, M., Baum, M., Asbati, A., Azrak, M. and Baalabaki, M. (1995b). Durum wheat improvement, grain quality. Cereal Improvement Program. Ann. Report. pp. 102-105.
  33. Nadeem, M., Jiajia, Li., Muhammad, Y., Alam S., Chuanxi, Ma., Naroui, R., Ghasemi, M.R.,A., Arjmandinejad, A. (2019). Study of limit irrigation on yield of Lentil (Lens culinaris) genotypes of national plant gene bank of Iran by drought resistance indices. J. Agric. and Environ. Sci. 7 (2): 238-241.
  34. Nakano, H., Kobayashi, M., Terauchi, T. (1998). Sensitive stages to heat stress in pod setting of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 42: 72-84.
  35. Naroui, R.M.R., Ghasemi, A., Arjmandynejad, A.R. (2010). Study of limit irrigation on yield of lentil (Lens culinaris) genotypes of national plant gene bank of Iran by drought resistance indices. American-Eurasian J. Agric Environ Sci. 7(2): 238-241.
  36. Ong, C.K. (1983). Response to temperature in stand of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) II. Reproductive development. Journal of Experimental Botany. 34: 337-348.
  37. Peter, L.P. and Young, V.R. (1980). Nutritional Evaluation of protein Foods.  P.8. The United Nations University, Japan. 
  38. Reynolds, M.P., Pask, A.J.D. and Mullan, D.M. (eds.) (2012). Physiological Breeding I: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Improve Crop Adaptation. Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT.
  39. Ryan, J., George, E., Abdul, R., (2001). Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual (2nd ed.). International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
  40. Shrestha, R., Siddique, K.H.M., Turner, N.C., Turner, D.W., Berger, J. (2005). Growth and seed yield of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) genotypes of West Asian and South Asian origin and crossbreds between the two under rain-fed conditions in Nepal. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 56: 971-981. doi: 10.1071/AR05050.
  41. Silim, S.N. and Saxena, M.C. (1992). Comparative performance of some faba bean (Vicia faba L.) cultivars of contrasting plant types-2 growth and development in relation to yield. Journal of Agricultural Science. 118: 333-342.
  42. Sinamo, V., Nevy, D.H., Tri, H.W. (2018). Legume plant growth at various levels of drought stress treatment. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research. 1(1): 9-19.
  43. Tahir, A., Masood, Q., Rabia, S., Saira, S., Sidra, T. (2019). Morphological and yield response of pulses against drought stress: a review. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology. 7(2): 202-208.
  44. Tassoni, A., Tullia, T., Chiara, Z., Ilaria, M.C., Janos-Istvan, P., Óscar, R., Simona, N., Annamaria, C., Laura, S., Patrizia, C., Francesca, S., Georgios T., Marika, B., Stefanie, V., Geert, B., Philippe, C. (2020). State-of-the-Art Production Chains for Peas, Beans and Chickpeas-Valorization of Agro-Industrial Residues and Applications of Derived Extracts. Molecules. 25: 1383; doi:10.3390/molecules25061383.
  45. Xia, M.Z. (1994). Evict of soil drought during the generative development phase of faba bean (Vicia faba) on photosynthetic characters and biomass production. J. Agric. Sci.-Camb. 122: 67-72.
  46. Younis, N., Hanif M., Siddique, S., Ghulam, A., Jawad, M., Ahsanul-Haq, M. (2008). Estimate as of genetic parameters and path analysis in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik). Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 45: 44-48.

Editorial Board

View all (0)