Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 43 issue 4 (august 2020) : 524-529

Variation in Leaf Nitrogen and Phosphorus Stoichiometry in Different Functional Groups of Legumes

Z.Y. Shi, S.X. Xu, S.C. Lu, M. Yang, M.G. Zhang, Y.J. Li, X.G. Wang, X.N. Chen
1College of Agricultural, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang 471003, China.
  • Submitted28-05-2019|

  • Accepted08-01-2020|

  • First Online 15-05-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-502

Cite article:- Shi Z.Y., Xu S.X., Lu S.C., Yang M., Zhang M.G., Li Y.J., Wang X.G., Chen X.N. (2020). Variation in Leaf Nitrogen and Phosphorus Stoichiometry in Different Functional Groups of Legumes. Legume Research. 43(4): 524-529. doi: 10.18805/LR-502.
The legume is notable owing to their symbiotic nitrogen (N) fixing ability. Usually, higher leaf N concentration and N to phosphorus (P) ratio (N:P) in legumes than non-legumes. However, the variations of leaf N, P and N:P and their relationship had been hardly studied based on functional groups. In this study, we studied the leaf N, P and N:P and their relationship among different functional groups. The results showed that the average values of leaf N, P and N:P ratios for all legumes were 27.33 mg g-1, 1.27 mg g-1 and 21.94, respectively. Leaf N (36.96 mg g-1) and P (2.15 mg g-1) of herbaceous legumes are significantly higher than N (24.97 mg g-1) and P (1.18 mg g-1) in woody plants, respectively. Moreover, leaf N, P and N:P of shrub markedly higher than them in tree. Leaf N and P are always higher in deciduous than evergreen legumes. A negative correlation was found between leaf N:P and P in overall and different functional groups of legumes.
  1. Aerts, R. and Chapin, F.S.I.I.I. (2000). The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Advances in Ecological Research. 30: 1-67.
  2. Bhaskar, R., Porder, S., Balvanera, P., Edwards, E. J. (2016). Ecological and evolutionary variation in community nitrogen use traits during tropical dry forest secondary succession. Ecology. 97: 1194-1206. 
  3. Castellanos, A.E., Llano-Sotelo, J.M., Machado-Encinas, L.I., López-    Pinã, J.E., Romo-Leon, J.R. (2018). Sardans J. Pen˜uelas J. Foliar C, N and P stoichiometry characterize successful plant ecological strategies in the Sonoran Desert. Plant Ecology. 219: 775-788.
  4. Chen, C., Zhang, H.X., Wang, A.G., Lu, M., Shen, Z.G., Lian, C.L. (2015). Phenotypic plasticity accounts for most of the variation in leaf manganese concentrations in Phytolacca americana growing in manganese-contaminated environments. Plant and Soil. 396: 215-227.
  5. Elser, J.J., Fagan, W.F., Denno, R.F., Dobberfuhl, D.R., Folarin, A., Huberty, A., Interlandi, S., Kilham, S.S., McCauley, E., Schulz, K.L., Siemann, E.H., Sterner, R.W. (2000). Nutritional constraints in terrestrial and freshwater food webs. Nature. 408: 578-580.
  6. Guo, Y, Yang, X, Christian, S., Jiang, Y., Tang, Z. (2017). Legume shrubs are more nitrogen-homeostatic than non-legume shrubs. Frontier in Plant Science. 8: 1662. 
  7. Güsewell, S. (2004). N:P ratios in terrestrial plants: variation and functional significance. New Phytologist. 164: 243-266.
  8. Güsewell, S., Koerselman, W., Verhoeven, J.T. (2003). Biomass N: P ratios as indicators of nutrient limitation for plant populations in wetlands. Ecological Applications. 13: 372-    384.
  9. Han, W., Fang, J., Guo, D., Zhang, Y. (2005). Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across 753 terrestrial plant species in China. New Phytologist. 168: 377-385.
  10. He, J.S., Wang, Z., Wang, X., Schmid, B., Zuo, W., Zhou, M., Zheng, H, Wang M., Fang, J. (2006a). A test of the generality of leaf trait relationships on the Tibetan Plateau. New Phytologist. 170: 835-848.
  11. He, J.S., Fang, J., Wang, Z., Guo, D., Flynn, D.F.B., Geng, Z. (2006b). Stoichiometry and large-scale patterns of leaf carbon and nitrogen in the grassland biomes of China. Oecologia. 149: 115-122.
  12. He, J.S., Wang, L., Flynn D.F.B., Wang X., Ma W., Fang, J. (2008). Leaf nitrogen:phosphorus stoichiometry across Chinese grassland biomes. Oecologia. 155: 301-310.
  13. Jiang, J., Wang, Y.P., Yang, Y., Yu, M., Wang, C., Yan, J. (2019). Interactive effects of nitrogen and phosphorus additions on plant growth vary with ecosystem type. Plant and Soil. 440: 523–537.
  14. Jones, J.B. (2001). Laboratory guide for conducting soil tests and plant analysis. CRC Press, New York.
  15. Kirnak, H., Gokalp, Z., Dogan, E., Çopur, O. (2016). Effects of irrigation, soil compaction and fertilization treatments on physiological-vegetative characteristics and root development of soybean. Legume Research. 39: 52-60.
  16. Liu, J., Fang, X., Tang, X., Wang, W., Zhou, G., Xu, S., Huang, W., Wang, G., Yan J., Ma, K., Du, S., Li, S., Han, S., Ma, Y. (2019). Patterns and controlling factors of plant nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across China’s forests. Biogeochemistry. 143: 191-205.
  17. Lu, J., He S., Wang, Z., Yang H. (2016). Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in differentlyaged lucerne stands during flowering. Legume Research. 39: 595-600.
  18. Nasto, M.K., Alvarez-Clare, S., Lekberg, Y., Sullivan, B.W., Townsend, A.R., Cleveland, C.C. (2014). Interactions among nitrogen fixation and soil phosphorus acquisition strategies in lowland tropical rain forests. Ecology Letters. 17: 1282-1289. 
  19. Pan, F., Zhang, W., Liu S., Li D., Wang, K. (2015). Leaf N:P stoichiometry across plant functional groups in the karst region of southwestern China. Trees. 29: 883-892.
  20. Pawar, K.N., Chetti, M.B., Koti, R.V. (2003). Variability study in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) for chlorophyll and leaf nitrogen content. Agricultural Science Digest. 23: 143-145.
  21. Reich, P.B. and Oleksyn, J. (2004). Global patterns of plant leaf N and P in relation to temperature and latitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101: 11001-11006.
  22. Shi Z., Wang F., Liu Y. (2012). Response of soil respiration under different mycorrhizal strategies to precipitation and temperature. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 12(3): 411-420.
  23. Shi, Z.Y., Zhang, X.L., Xu, S.X., Lan, Z.J., Li, K., Wang, Y.M., Wang, F.Y., Chen, Y.L. (2017). Mycorrhizal relationship in lupines: A review. Legume Research. 40(6): 965-973.
  24. Shi, Z.Y., Li, K., Zhu, X.Y., Wang, F.Y. (2020). The worldwide leaf economic spectrum traits are closely linked with mycorrhizal traits. Fungal Ecology. 43: 100877.
  25. Sterner, R.W., Elser, J.J. (2002). Ecological stoichiometry: the biology of elements from molecules to the biosphere. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.
  26. Wang, L., Zhao, G., Li, M., Zhang, M., Zhang, L., Zhang, X., An, L., Xu S. (2015). C:N:P Stoichiometry and Leaf Traits of Halophytes in an Arid Saline Environment, Northwest China. PLoS One. 10(3): e0119935.
  27. Wassen, M.J., Olde, V.H.G.M., de Swart, E.O.A.M. (1995). Nutrient concentrations in mire vegetation as a measure of nutrient limitation in mire ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science. 6: 5-16.
  28. Wright, I.J., Reich, P.B., Westoby, M., Ackerly, D.D., Baruch, Z., Bongers, F., Cavender-Bares, J., Chapin, T., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Diemer, M., Flexas, J., Garnier, E., Groom, P.K., Gulias, J., Hikosaka, K., Lamont, B.B., Lee, T., Lee, W.J., Lusk, C., Midgley, J.J., Navas, M.L., Niinemets, U., Oleksyn, J., Osada, N., Poorter, H., Poot, P., Prior, L., Pyankov, V.I., Roumet, C., Thomas, S.C., Tjoelker, M.G., Veneklaas, E.J., Villar, R. (2004). The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature. 428: 821- 827.
  29. Wu, T.G., Yu, M.K., Wang, G.G., Dong, Y., Cheng, X.R. (2012). Leaf nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry across forty-    two woody species in Southeast China. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 44: 255-263.
  30. Zhou, L., Wang, Y., Jia, Q.Y., Li, R.P., Zhou, M.Z., Zhou, G.S. (2019). Evapotranspiration over a rainfed maize field in northeast China: How are relationships between the environment and terrestrial evapotranspiration mediated by leaf area? Agricultural Water Management. 221: 538-546. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)