Forage potential of three wild species of genus Lupinus (Leguminosae) from Mexico

DOI: 10.18805/LR-453    | Article Id: LR-453 | Page : 93-98
Citation :- Forage potential of three wild species of genus Lupinus (Leguminosae) from Mexico.Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):93-98
J.F. Zamora-Natera, R. Rodriguez-Macias, E. Salcedo-Perez, P. García-Lopez, L. Barrientos-Ramirez, J. Vargas-Radillo, C. Soto-Velasco and M.A. Ruiz-López
  mruiz@cucba.udg.mx
Address : Laboratorio de Biotecnología, Departamento de Botánica y Zoología, CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara, Camino Ing. Ramón Padilla Sánchez No. 2100, C.P. 45100, Predio Las Agujas, Nextipac, Zapopan, Jalisco, México.
Submitted Date : 12-09-2018
Accepted Date : 6-06-2019

Abstract

The study of new legumes species in terms of yield and quality of forage under cultivation conditions is essential to improving the productivity of animal production. We evaluated the yield and nutritional quality of forage under irrigation conditions for three wild lupin species from Mexico (L. exaltatus, L. mexicanus, and L. rotundiflorus) at different stages of maturity. The experiment was conducted from November 2016 to March 2017 in Jalisco, Mexico. In general, the dry matter (DM) in all species increased with advancing maturity, but L. exaltatus presented the best production of forage 15,143 kg/ha-1 DM, followed by L. mexicanus (9,140 kg/ha-1 DM) on the third sampling date. The low forage yield in L. rotundiflorus was compensated by a higher average protein content (171.2 g/kg). The highest P and K content was recorded in L. rotundiflorus, whereas Ca and Mg were higher in the forage of L. mexicanus.

Keywords

Chemical composition Fabaceae Lupinus Minerals Protein.

References

  1. Ainouche, K. and Bayer, R. (1999). Phylogenetic relationships in Lupinus (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae) based on internal transcribed spacer sequences (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Am J Bot. 86:590–607.
  2. Arthington, J.D. and Brow, W.F. (2005). Estimation of feeding value of four tropical forage species at two stages of maturity. J Anim Sci, 83:1726-1731.
  3. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. AOAC. (1995). Official Methods of Analysis. (16th ed.) Washington: AOAC International. 1094 pp.
  4. Borreani, G., Peiretti, P.G., Tabacco, E. (2007). Effect of harvest time on yield and pre-harvest quality of semi-leafless grain peas (Pisum sativum L.) as whole-crop forage. Field Crop Res, 100:1-9.
  5. Caballero, R., Goicoechea, E.L., Hernaiz, P.J., (1995). Forage yields and quality of common vetch and oat sown at varying seeding ratios and seeding rates of common vetch. Field Crop Res, 4:135–140.
  6. Cernay, C., Pelzer, E., Makowski, D. (2016). A global experimental dataset for assessing grain legume production. Scientific Data, 1-20.
  7. Faligowska, A., Selwet, M., Panasiewicz, K., Szymañska, G., Smiatacz, K. (2014). The effect of forage harvest date and inoculation on the yield and fermentation characteristics of narrow-leaved lupin (Lupines angustifolius) when ensiled as a whole crop. Legume Res, 37: 621-627.
  8. Goering, H.K and Van Soest, P.J. (1970). Forage fiber analyses (apparatus, reagents, procedures, and some applications). USDA. Agriculture. Handbook No 379. US Government Printing Office. Washington, DC.
  9. Gladstones, J S. (1974), Lupins of the Mediterranean region and Africa. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Perth. Tech Bull 26. 
  10. Haj-Ayed, M., Gonzalez, J., Caballero, R., Alvir, M.R. (2000) Nutritive value of on-farm common vetch-oat hays. II. Ruminal degradation of dry matter and crude protein. Ann Zootech, 49:391–398.
  11. Herrera-Velazco, J.M., Isaac-Virgen, M.L., Rodríguez-Macías, R., Zamora-Natera, J. F., et al (2010). Conservación del forraje de Lupinus rotundiflorus M. E. Jones Y Lupinus exaltatus Zucc. mediante ensilaje. Interciencia 35:592-599. 
  12. Jensen, E.S., Peoples, M.B., Hauggard-Nielsen, H. (2010). Faba bean in croping systems. Field Crop Res, 115:203-216.
  13. Kang, S., McKenzie, B.A., Hill, G.D. (2008). Effect of irrigation on growth and yield of Kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Agron N Z J, 38:11–32.
  14. Kaplan, M., Uzun, S., Kökten, K. (2014). Effects of harvest time on hay yield and quality of different bitter vetch (Vicia ervilia L.) lines. Legume Res, 37: 188-194. 
  15. Khalil, I.A. and Manan, F. (1990). Colorimetry and Flame photometry. In: Chemistry One (Bioanalytical chemistry) 2nd ed. Taj Printing Press, Peshawar, Pakistan. pp. 131-157.
  16. Khalil, I.A. (1994). Nutritional yield and protein quality of lentil (Lens culinaris Med.) cultivars. Microbiogie Aliments Nutrition, 12: 455–463.
  17. Kitessa, S.M. (1992). The nutritional value of Russell lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus x Lupinus arboreus) for sheep. M. Agr. Sci thesis, Lincoln University, Christchurch. 143 pp.
  18. Kökten, K. Seydosoglu, S., Kaplan M., Boydak E. (2014). Forage nutritive value of soybean varieties. Legume Res, 37:201-206. 
  19. Lanyasunya, T.P., Hong, R.W, Kariuki, S.T., Kuria, D.M., Check A.L., Mukisiria, E.A. (2008). Effect of maturity on the mineral content of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). Trop Subtrop Agroecosyt, 7:53-58
  20. Maknickienë, Z. and Ražukas, A. (2007): Narrow-leaved forage lupine (Lupinus angustifolius L.) breeding aspects. Þemës Ûkio Mokslai, 14: 27–31.
  21. Markoviæ, J.R., Štrbanoviæ, M., Cvetkoviæ, B., Anðelkoviæ, Živkoviæ B. (2009). Effects of growth stage on the mineral concentrations in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) leaf, stem and the whole plant. Biotech Anim Hus, 25:1225–1231.
  22. McKenzie, D.B. and Spaner, D. (1998). White lupin: An alternative to pea in oats-legume forage mixtures grown in Newfoundland. Can J Anim Sci, 79:43–47.
  23. Prusiñski, J. (2014). Dynamics and distribution of dry matter and total nitrogen in yellow lupine (Lupinus luteus L.) plants. EJPAU. 17:1-11.
  24. Rebolé, A., Alzueta, C., Ortiz, L.T., Barro, C., Rodríguez, M.L., Caballero, R. (2004). Yields and chemical composition of different parts of the common vetch of flowering and at two seed filling states. Span J Agric Res, 2:550-557.
  25. Romero, R.V., Hazard, S.T., Márquez, B.M., Hiriart, L.M. (1993). Evaluación agronómica de dos especies de lupino Lupinus albus y Lupinus mutabilis como alternativas de forraje suplementario en secano. Agr Tec. 53: 303-309.
  26. Ruiz, L.M.A., Rodríguez M.R., Navarro P.S. (2006). Evaluación químico-nutricional de Lupinus exaltatus Zucc, del Nevado de Colima, México, como fuente potencial de forraje. Interciencia 31: 758-761.
  27. SAS. Inst. (1985). SAS/IML User´s Guiede for personal computers (version 6). SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N.C. 429p.
  28. Zamora, N.J.F. Del Rio, O.C., Zapata, H.I., Rodríguez, M.R., Garcia, L.P.M. (2017). Preliminary estimation of forage yield and feeding value of Lupinus angustifolius varieties cultivated in Jalisco, México during the cool season. Legume Res, 40:1060-1065. 

Global Footprints