Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 43 issue 3 (june 2020) : 421-426

Effect of Potassium and Boron Fertilization on Growth, Forage Yield and Quality of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)

Akshit, R.S. Sheoran, Harender, Sandeep Kumar, Kavinder
1Department of Agronomy, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, Haryana, India.
  • Submitted27-11-2019|

  • Accepted14-01-2020|

  • First Online 18-03-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4290

Cite article:- Akshit, Sheoran R.S., Harender, Kumar Sandeep, Kavinder (2020). Effect of Potassium and Boron Fertilization on Growth, Forage Yield and Quality of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Legume Research. 43(3): 421-426. doi: 10.18805/LR-4290.
The field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2017-18 at the Forage Research Farm of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar with the objective to study the effect of potassium and boron fertilization on growth, forage yield and quality of berseem. Treatment combinations comprised of four potassium levels i.e. 0, 20, 40 and 60 kg K2O ha-1 and four levels of boron i.e. 0, 2, 4 kg B ha-1, and 0.2% B spray at flowering initiation and at 50% flowering. The experiment was laid out in split plot design and replicated thrice. Growth characters improved with the application of potassium and boron. Maximum green fodder (444.24 q ha-1) and dry matter yields (55.32 q ha-1) were obtained when berseem was fertilized with 40 kg K2O ha-1. Crude protein yield was highest with 60 kg K2O ha-1 (10.29 q ha-1) and digestible dry matter at 40 kg K2O ha-1 (37.19 q ha-1). Incremental dose of applied boron resulted in a significant improvement in green fodder and dry matter yields upto 2 kg B ha-1. Significant interaction effects of potassium and boron on total green fodder and total dry matter yields indicated better effects with the combination of 40 kg K2O ha-1 and 2 kg B ha-1.
  1. Aboelgoud, Sh.A., Mersal, I.F. and Haggag, M.El.M. (2015). Effect of potassium fertilizer rates and some plant extracts on forage, seed yield and seed quality of Egyptian clover under saline conditions. Mansoura University Journal of Plant Production. 6(7): 1183-119.
  2. Albert, L.S. (1968). Induction and antagonism of boron like deficiency symptoms of tomato plants by selected nitrogen bases. Plant Physiology. 43: 4-15.
  3. Amberger. (1975). Protein biosynthesis and effect of plant nutrients on the process of protein formation. In: Fertilizer use and protein production. International Potash Institute, pp. 75- 89.
  4. A.O.A.C. (1970). Official Method of Analysis, XI Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D. C.
  5. Barnes, R.F., Muller, L.D., Bauman, L.F. and Colenbrander, V.F. (1971). In vitro dry matter disappearance of brown midrib mutants of maize. Journal of Animal Science. 33: 881.
  6. Bennet, W. F. (1993). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. APS Press, MN, USA. pp. 87-9.
  7. Cakmak, I. (2005). The role of potassium in alleviating detrimental effects of abiotic stresses in plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. 168: 521-530.
  8. Evans, H.J. (1954). Diphosphopyridine nucleotide nitrate reductase from soyabean nodules. Plant Physiology. 29(3): 298-301.
  9. Gattward, J.N., Almeida, A.A., Souza, J.O., Gomes, F.P. and Kronzucker, H.J. (2012). Sodium-potassium synergism in Theobroma cocao: stimulation of photosynthesis, water-use efficiency and mineral nutrition. Physiologia Plantarum. 146: 350-362.
  10. Hazra, C.R. (1995). Advances in Forage Production Technology. Project Co-ordinator (Forage Crops). Coordinating Unit, AICRP on Forage Crops (ICAR), IGFRI, Jhansi. p. 3.
  11. Joshi, Y.P. and Bhilare, R.L. (2006). Effect of boron and molybdenum on yield of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Pantnagar Journal of Research. 4(1): 15-17.
  12. Loomis, W. D. and Durst, R. W. (1992). Chemistry and biology of boron. Biofactors. 3:229-39.
  13. Misra, S.M., Niranjan, K.P. and Pandey, H. C. (2012). Effect of potassium application and crop geometries on seed yield, seed quality in berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) plants. Agricultural Science Research Journal. 2(6): 324-328. 
  14. Muhammad, D., Misri, B., Nahrawy, E. M., Khan, S. and Serkan, A. (2014). Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.): King of Forage Crops. FAO Regional, Cairo.
  15. Patel, P.C. and Kotecha, A.V. (2006). Effect of phosphorus and potassium on growth characters, forage yield, nutrient uptake and quality of lucerne. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 51(3): 242-244.
  16. Pradhan, A.C. and Samant, G. (1995). Effect of phosphate and boron on berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) with and without lime at Terai region of West Bengal. Indian Agriculturist. 39(3): 173-178.
  17. Price, C.A., Clark, H.I. and Funkhonser, H.E. (1972). Functions of micronutrients in plants. Micronutrients in Agriculture. Soil Science Society of America, pp. 731-742.
  18. Tilley, J.M.A. and Terry, R.A. (1963). A two stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crop. Journal of British Grassland Society. 18: 104-111.
  19. Zorb, C., Senbayram, M. and Peiter, E. (2014). Potassium in agriculture - Status and Perspectives. Journal of Plant Physiology. 171: 656–669.

Editorial Board

View all (0)