Effect of Different Sowing Dates and Timings of Last Cut on Yield Attributes and Seed Yield of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4235    | Article Id: LR-4235 | Page : 574-578
Citation :- Effect of Different Sowing Dates and Timings of Last Cut on Yield Attributes and Seed Yield of Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2021.(44):574-578
Surinder Singh, Kanwaljit Singh, Tarandeep Kaur babbal1103@gmail.com
Address : School of Organic Farming, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 001, Punjab, India.
Submitted Date : 13-09-2019
Accepted Date : 16-12-2019

Abstract

Background: Many genetical, physiological, environmental and organizational constraints associated with the low productivity of forage crops, but the most important among them is lack of quality seeds of improved cultivars to farmers. Scarcity of green fodder and low seed setting forces the farmers not to prefer for seed production. Weather extremities like unbalanced or untimely rains or high speed winds also affected seed setting. All these extremities lead to scarcity of berseem seed in Punjab and farmer are forced to paying high prices at the time of sowing. Maintaining the proper sowing time and time of last cut for fodder and for leaving the crop for seed production may help in keeping the balance between vegetative and reproductive phases for high seed yield to tackle these problems. Therefore, optimum sowing time and last cut is a very deciding factor to achieve maximum green fodder and seed yield. The current experiment aimed to study the effect of different sowing dates and timings of last cut on yield attributes and seed yield of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.).
Methods: In this experiment, crop was sown on five different dates with the broadcast method and also three dates of last cut of crop left for seed production. These treatments were replicated thrice. All other cultural practices were also maintained for optimum berseem productivity. The first cutting of fodder was taken after 55 days from sowing and thereafter 30 days interval. After the time of last cut, crop was left for seed production. At maturity, data on yield attributes were recorded. 
Results: Our investigations revealed that late sown berseem increased the yield attributes and seed yield but decreased the green fodder yield. Therefore to get maximum seed production, it is suggested that late sown 20th October has the optimum date of sowing and optimum time for leave the crop is 25th March for seed production.

Keywords

Berseem Cut Fodder Seed yield Sowing date

References

  1. Anonymous (2017). Package and Practices of Rabi Crops from Agricultural University, Ludhiana.
  2. Bai, B., Suri, V.K., Kumar, A. and Choudhary, A.K. (2016a). Influence of Glomus–Rhizobiumsymbiosis on productivity, root morphology and soil fertility in garden pea in Himalayan acid Alfisol. Communication in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis. 47(6): 787-798.
  3. Bai, B., Suri, V.K., Kumar, A. and Choudhary, A.K. (2016b). Influence of dual–inoculation of AM fungi and Rhizobium on growth indices, production economics and nutrient use efficiencies in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 47(8): 941-954.
  4. Bakheit, B.R., Ali, M.A. and Helmy, A.A. (2012). The influence of temperature, genotype x temperature interaction on seed yield of berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science. 4: 63-71.
  5. Choudhary, A.K. (2013). Technological and extension yield gaps in pulses in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 41(1): 88-97.
  6. Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2013). Scaling-up of pulse production under frontline demonstration technology transfer program in Himachal Himalayas, India. Communication in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis. 45(14): 1934-48.
  7. Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2014). On farm participatory technology development on forage cutting and nitrogen management in dual-purpose wheat (Triticum aestivum) in northwestern Himalayas. Communication in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis. 45(6): 741-750.
  8. Choudhary, A.K., Pooniya, V., Bana, R.S., Kumar, A. and Singh, U. (2014). Mitigating pulse productivity constraints through phosphorus fertilization-A review. Agriultural Review. 35 (4): 314-319. 
  9. Dass, A., Shekhawat, K., Choudhary, A.K., Sepat, S., Rathore, S.S, Mahajan, G., Chauhan, B.S. (2016). Weed management in rice using crop-competition–A review. Crop Protection. 95: 45-52. 
  10. Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.K and Suri, V.K. (2016). Influence of AM fungi, inorganic phosphorus and irrigation regimes on plant water relations and soil physical properties in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) – pea (Pisum sativum L.) cropping system in Himalayan acid Alfisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 39(5): 666-682.
  11. Mohammed, D., Misri, B., El-Nahrawy, M., Khan, S. and Serkan, A. (2014). Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.): King of forage crops. FAO regional, Cairo.
  12. Pooniya, V., Choudhary, A.K., Dass, A., Bana, R.S., Rana, K.S., Rana D.S., Tyagi, V.K. and Puniya, M. M. (2015). Improved crop management practices for sustainable pulse production: A Indian Perspective. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85(6): 747-758.
  13. Rana, K.S., Choudhary, A.K., Sepat, S., Bana, R.S. and Dass, A. (2014). Methodological and Analytical Agronomy [ISBN: 978-93-83168-07-1]. Post Graduate School, IARI, New Delhi, India, pp 276 + xii. 
  14. Sardana, V. and Narwal, S.S. (2000). Influence of time of sowing and last cut for fodder on the fodder and seed yields of Egyptian clover. Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 134: 285-291. 
  15. Srivastava, S. (2016). Maximization of seed yield and quality seed production in berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) M.Sc. Thesis, CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar, Haryana.
  16. Suri, V.K. and Choudhary, A.K. (2013). Effects of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae and applied phosphorus through targeted yield precision model on root morphology, productivity and nutrient dynamics in soybean in an Acid Alfisol. Communication in Soil Sciences and Plant Analysis. 44(17): 2587-2604.
  17. Virender S (2000). Influence of dates of sowing and last cut of fodder on the seed yield. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 6:176-181.
  18. Yadav, P.S., Vijay, D. and Malaviya, D.R. (2015). Effect of cutting management on seed yield and quality attributes in tertaploid berseem. Range Management and Agroforestry. 36(1): 47-51. 

Global Footprints