Loading...

Enhancing the Water Stress Tolerance in Soybean (Glycine max L.) through Anti-Transpirants and Mulch

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4216    | Article Id: LR-4216 | Page : 1315-1321
Citation :- Enhancing the Water Stress Tolerance in Soybean (Glycine max L.) through Anti-Transpirants and Mulch.Legume Research.2021.(44):1315-1321
P. Revathi, M.N. Arun, K. Sukumar, S. Dhrua, G.S. Madu Bindu revathi.pallakonda5@gmail.com
Address : Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU), Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Submitted Date : 19-08-2019
Accepted Date : 31-01-2020

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during kharif 2014 - 2015 in the Agricultural Research Station, Adilabad, Telangana to assess the effect of straw mulch and anti – transpirants on growth and yield of soybean. The treatment consisted of A) Anti- transpirants (5) (spray at 15 days after flower initiation): T1 - MgCO3 @ 5% T2 Glycerol @ 5% T3 - KNO3 @ 1% T4 - NaCO3 @ 5% T5 - Control (water spray) B). Straw mulch @ 5 t/ ha after sowing C) Control (no mulch). Among the different anti - transpirants, Na2CO3 @ 5% recorded higher mean seed yield (2862 kg/ ha) which was at par with Glycerol @ 5% (2762 kg/ ha) and MgCO3 @ 5% (2731 kg/ ha). Mulch (straw mulch @ 5 t/ ha) was significantly superior over control (without mulch) with highest mean seed yield (2723 kg/ ha). The combination of straw mulch and anti – transpirant can be recommended as an effective with respect to yield and cost for the soybean under rainfed condition.

Keywords

Anti-transpirant Crop growth rate Leaf water Mulch Soybean 

References

  1. Abdukadirova, Zh. A., Kurmanbayeva, M. S. and Ospanbayev, Zh. O. (2016). Effect of Mulch on Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merr.) at Cultivation under Drip Irrigation in the South-    east of Kazakhstan. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia. 13 (2): 751–759.
  2. Al - Suhaibani, N.A. (2009). Influence of Early Water Deficit on Seed Yield and Quality of faba bean under Arid Environment of Saudi Arabia. American-Eurasian J. Agric. and Environ. Sci. 5 (5): 649-654. 
  3. Anonymous (2017). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Pocket Book of Agricultural Statistics, New Delhi.
  4. Barrs, H. D. (1986). Determination of water deficits in plant tissues. In: Kozlowski, T. T. (ed.), Water Deficits and Plant Growth. Academic Publishers, NewYork, pp. 239-347.
  5. Bilbro, J. D. and Frayrar, D. W. (1991). Pearl millet versus gin trash mulches for increasing soil water and cotton yields in a semiarid region. J. Soil and Water Conservation. 46 (1): 66 - 69.
  6. Billore, S.D. (2017). Enhancing the water stress tolerance in soybean through anti-transpirants and mulches. Soybean Research. 15(1): 25 – 34.
  7. Bittelli, M., Flury M., Campbell, G.S. and Nichols E.J. (2001). Reduction of transpiration through foliar application of chitosan. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 107 (3): 167-175.
  8. Brahma, R., Janawade, A.D. and Palled, Y.B., (2007). Effect of irrigation schedules, mulch and anti-transpirants on growth, yield and economics of wheat (cv. DWD – 1006). Karnataka Journal Agricultural Sciences. 20 (1): 6 – 9.
  9. Del Amor F. M., Cuadra-Crespo P., Walker D. J., Cámara J. M., Madrid R. (2010). Effect of foliar application of antitranspirant on photosynthesis and water relations of pepper plants under different levels of CO2 and water stress. J. Plant Physiol. 167: 1232 – 1238.
  10. Farouk, S. and A.R. Amany. (2012). Improving growth and yield of cowpea by foliar application of chitosan under water stress. Egyptian Journal of Biology. 14: 14-26.
  11. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (2010). Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2nd Edition), Wiley Indian Pvt. Ltd., India.
  12. Hefny, M.M. (2011). Agronomical and biochemical responses of white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) genotypes to contrasting water regimes and inoculation treatments. J. American Sci. 7(3):187-198.
  13. Imliwati, J., Singh, A.K., Zulutemjen, J., Engrala, A.O. and Pravin, P. (2016). Effect of straw mulch and anti-transpirants on yield and quality of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril). The Bioscan. 11(1): 635-639.
  14. Itoh, R. and Kumura, A. (1986). Acclimation of soybean plants to water deficit. I. Effects of prolonged water deficit on the production and partition of dry matter. Jpn. Crop Sci. 55 (3): 367-373.
  15. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. P.521.
  16. Jisha, K. C. and Puthur, J. T. 2014. Halopriming of seeds imparts tolerance to NaCl and PEG induced stress in [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] varieties. Physiol. Mol. Biol. Plants. 20 (3): 303-312.
  17. Kachhadiya, S.P., Chovatia, P.K., Jadav, K.V. and Sanandia, S.T. (2010). Effect of irrigation, mulches and antitranspirant on yield, quality and economics of summer pearl millet. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 6 (1): 278-282.
  18. Karkanis, A., D. Bilalis and A. Efthimiadou. (2011). Architectural plasticity, photosynthesis and growth responses of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medicus) plants to water stress in a semi-arid environment. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5 (4): 369-374.
  19. Liu Y, Fiskum G, Schubert D. (2002). Generation of reactive oxygen species by mitochondrial electron transport chain. J. Neurochem. 80: 780 - 787.
  20. Mina Javan, Mehdi Tajbakhsh, Babak Abdollahi and Mandoulakani (2013). Effect of antitranspirants application on yield and yield components in soybean (Glycine max L.) under limited irrigation. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences. 7 (1): 70 - 74.
  21. Muhammad Hamayun, Sumera Afzal Khan, Abdul Latif Khan Zabta Khan Shinwari, Javid Hussain, Eun -Young Sohn, Sang-    Mo Kang, Yoon-Ha Kim , M. Ajmal Khan and In- Jung Lee (2010). Effect of salt stress on growth attributes and endogenous growth hormones of soybean cultivar Hwangkeumkong Pak. J. Bot. 42 (5): 3103 - 3112.
  22. Sekhon, N. K., Hira, G. S., Sidhu, A. S. and Thind, S. S. (2005). Response of soyabean (Glycine max Mer.) to wheat straw mulching in different cropping seasons. Soil Use Manag. 21 (4): 422-426.
  23. Watson, D.J. (1952). The physiological basis of variation in yield. Advances in Agronomy. 4: 101-145.
  24. Yoshida, S., Forno, A. S., Cook, H. J. and Gomez, A. K. (1972). Laboratory Manual on Physiological Studies. IRRI, Manila, Philippines. 87.
  25. Zhang, S. Q. and Outlaw, W. H. (2001). Abscisic acid introduced into the transpiration stream accumulates in the guard cell apoplast and causes stomatal closure Plant, Cell and Environment. 24 (10): 1045–1054.

Global Footprints