Variation in grain yield, fodder quality and animal intake in two dual purpose legume crops: Mungbean and vegetable soybean grown in semi-arid tropical India

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4078    | Article Id: LR-4078 | Page : 207-214
Citation :- Variation in grain yield, fodder quality and animal intake in two dual purpose legume crops: Mungbean and vegetable soybean grown in semi-arid tropical India.Legume Research.2021.(44):207-214
Ramakrishnan M. Nair, Rajkumar R. Giri, Venkata Naresh Boddepalli, K.V.S.V. Prasad, Ravi Devulapalli and Michael Blümmel ramakrishnan.nair@worldveg.org
Address : World Vegetable Center, South Asia, ICRISAT Campus, Hyderabad-502 324, Telangana, India.
Submitted Date : 5-09-2018
Accepted Date : 15-04-2019


Twenty six lines each of two legume crop species: mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek] and vegetable soybean [(Glycine max (L.) Merr.)] were evaluated for grain yield and fodder traits during 2013 in Hyderabad, India. Mungbean line, ML 818 was the best for nitrogen content and was also among the better performers for in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD). Vegetable soybean line, Swarna Vasundhra registered high values for nitrogen content, haulm yield, pod yield and seed yield, while GC 84501-32-1 recorded high value for nitrogen content. In-vivo parameters such as dry (DMI) and organic matter intake (OMI), dry (DMD) and organic matter digestibility (OMD) and nitrogen (N) balance were determined after feeding sheep with haulms from selected lines of mungbean and vegetable soybean as supplements to a sorghum stover based ration. Vegetable soybean line, Swarna Vasundhra recorded the highest OMD while the mungbean line, VC 6510-151-1 recorded the highest nitrogen balance.


Dual purpose Fodder quality Grain legume Intake Sheep.


  1. Abd El-Salam, M.S., El-Metwally, I.M., Abd El-Ghany. H.M., Hozayn, M. (2013). Potentiality of using mungbean as a summer legume forage crop under Egyptian condition. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 9 (2): 1238-1243.
  2. AOAC (2005). Official methods of analysis, 18th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
  3. Carter, T.E. and Shanmugasundaram, S. (1993). Vegetable soybean (Glycine). In: Pulses and Vegetables. [Williams J.T. (Ed.)] Chapman and Hall, New York, USA. pp. 219-239.
  4. Menke, K.H. and Steingass, H. (1988). Estimation of the energy feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid. Animal Research and Development, 28: 7 – 55.
  5. Nair, R.M., Ravishankar, M., Pan, R.S., Bhushan, B., Kaur, D.P., Ranchod, G.R., Yan, M-R., Easdown, W.E. (2013).Vegetable soybean: a crop with immense potential for human nutrition Fifth International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables (FAV Health 2012), UAS Dharwad , 7-11 January
  6. Nair, R.M., Yang, R.Y., Easdown, W.J., Thavarajah, D., Thavarajah, P., Hughes, Jd’A., Keatinge, J.D.H.(2013). Biofortification of mungbean (Vigna radiata) as a whole food to enhance human health. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93: 1805–1818.
  7. Prasad, K.V.S.V., Khan, A.A., Vellaikumar, S., Devulapalli, R., Reddy,Ch Ramakrishna., Nigam, S.N., Blümmel,M.(2010). Observations on livestock productivity in sheep fed exclusively on haulms from ten different genotypes of groundnut. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 10S: 121-126.
  8. Samireddypalle, A.,Ousmane, B., Elaine, G., Christian, F., Prasad, K.V.S.V., Ravi, D., Iheanacho, O., Blümmel,M. (2017). Cowpea and groundnut haulms fodder trading and its lessons for multi-dimensional cowpea improvement for mixed crop livestock systems in West Africa. Frontiers in Plant Science https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00030
  9. Schafleitner, R., Nair, R.M, Rathore, A., Wang, Y-W., Lin, C-Y., Chu, S-H., Lin, P-Y., Chang, J-C., Ebert, A.W. (2015). The AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center mungbean (Vigna radiata) core and mini core collections BMC Genomics, 16: 344 DOI: 10.1186/s12864-015-1556-7
  10. Sharma, K., Pattanaik, A.K, Anadan, S., Blümmel, M. (2010). Food-feed crop research: A synthesis. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 10S: 1-10
  11. Van Soest, P.J. (1994). Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant, 2nd edn. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
  12. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B., Lewis, B.A. (1991). Methods for dietary fibre, neutral detergent fibre and no starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74: 3583-3597.

Global Footprints