Production potential and economic feasibility of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) + sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) intercropping under rainfed ecosystems of Jammu

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3969    | Article Id: LR-3969 | Page : 370-377
Citation :- Production potential and economic feasibility of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) + sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) intercropping under rainfed ecosystems of Jammu.Legume Research-An International Journal.2020.(43):370-377
Sushil Kumar Suri, M.C. Dwivedi, R. Puniya, Ashu Sharma, Rakesh Kumar, J. Kumar, A.P. Rai and V.B. Singh
drmaheshagron@gmail.com
Address : Division of Agronomy, Research Farm, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chatha-180 009, Jammu, India.
Submitted Date : 25-11-2017
Accepted Date : 27-04-2019

Abstract

An investigation was conducted at Advance Centre for Rainfed Agriculture, Rakh Dhiansar, SKUAST-Jammu during kharif season of 2015. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with three replications. The nine treatments viz. sole blackgram, sole sesame, blackgram + sesame (1 row of sesame in 2 rows of blackgram) additive series, blackgram + sesame (1:1) replacement series, black + sesame (3:1) replacement series, blackgram + sesame (5:1) replacement series, blackgram + sesame (1:3) replacement series, blackgram + sesame (1:5) replacement series and blackgram + sesame (seed mix) were taken for study. The soil of experimental field was sandy loam in texture, slightly acidic in reaction, low in organic carbon and available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experimental results revealed that among the different intercropping systems blackgram + sesame (5:1) replacement series recorded highest blackgram equivalent yield (BEY) 7.01 q ha-1 which was statistically at par with blackgram + sesame (3:1) replacement series, blackgram + sesame (1:1) replacement series and blackgram + sesame (1:1) additive series and significantly higher than other intercropping systems. Also blackgram + sesamum (5:1) row ratio gave highest value of land equivalent ratio, aggressivity, area time equivalent ratio, net returns, B:C ratio, energy output, energy use efficiency, net energy return, energy productivity and energy intensity followed by blackgram + sesame (3:1) replacement series. 

Keywords

Blackgram Economics Energy Equivalent Yield Intercropping Sesame.

References

  1. Ahlawat, I.P.S.; Gangaiah, B. and Singh, O. (2005). Production potential of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) - based intercropping systems under irrigated conditions. Indian J. Agron. 50 (1): 27-30.
  2. Akpinar, M.G.; Ozkan, B.; Sayin, C. and Fert, C. (2009). An input-output energy analysis on main and double cropping sesame production. J. Food Agric. Environ.7: 464-467.
  3. Alam, M.S.; Alam, M.R. and Islam, K.K. (2005). Energy flow in agriculture: Bangladesh. American J. Environ. Sci. 1 (3): 213–220.
  4. Anonymous.(2014). Department of Agriculture and Co-operation.Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  5. Binning, A.S.; Pathak, B.S. and Panesar. (1983). The energy audit of crop production system research report. School of Energy Studies for Agriculture: Panjab Agricultural University. Ludhiana, Panjab (India).
  6. Chhetri, B.; Dahal, D.; Mahato, S.K. and Kaswas, T. (2015). Moisture conservation practices in blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) based intercropping system under rainfed condition. Int. J. Agri. Sci. 7 (3): 454-459.
  7. Erdal, G.; Esengun, K.; Erdal, H. and Gunduz, O. (2007). Energy use and economical analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey. Energy 32: 35–41.
  8. Gomez, K. A. and Gomaz, A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore.
  9. Gopalan, C.; Sastri, B.V.R. and Balasubramaniam, S.C. (1978). Nutritive value of Indian foods. National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR, Hyderabad.
  10. Green, M.B. (1987). Energy in pesticide manufacture, distribution and use. In: Energy in Plant Nutrition and Pest Control. [Helsel, Z.R. (Ed.)], Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 165–177.
  11. Hulsbergen, K.J.; Feil, B.; Biermann, S.; Rathke, G.W.; Kalk, W.D. and Diepenbrock, W. (2001). A method of energy balancing in crop production and its application in a long-term fertilizer trial. Agric. Eco. Envt. 86: 303–321.
  12. Karimi, M.; Beheshti T.I. and Khubbakht, G.M. (2008). Energy production in Iran’s agronomy. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 4 (2):172-177.
  13. Khola, O.P.S.; Dube, R.K. and Sharma, N.K. (2000). Conservation and production ability of maize (Zea mays)–legume intercropping systems under varying dates of sowing. Indian J. Agron. 44 (1): 40- 46.
  14. Meena, S.L.;Shamsudheen, M. and Dayal, D. (2008). Impact of row ratio and nutrient management on performance of clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) + sesame (Sesamum indicum) intercropping system. Indian J. Agron. 53 (4): 285-289.
  15. Prajapat, K.; Shivran, A.C.; Choudhary, G.L. and Choudhary, H.R. (2012). Influence of planting pattern and sulphur on mungbean (Vigna radiate L.) and sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) intercropping under semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Indian J. Agron. 57 (1): 89-91.
  16. Purkayastha, A. (2009). Food Security and the national initiatives. Indian Farming 11-18.
  17. Rockstrom, J.; Wani, S.; Oweis T. and Hatibu, N. (2007). Managing water in rainfed agriculture. Water for food, water for life. A comparihensive assessment in water management in agriculture sponsored by Ramsar, CGISER, FAO and CBD.Earyh scan, London, U.K. Pp. 315-348.
  18. Sarkar, R.K. and Sanyal, S.R. (2000). Production potential and economic feasibility of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) based intercropping system with pulse and oilseed crops on rice fallow land. Indian J.Agril. Sci. 45: 545–50.
  19. Sarkar, R.K.; Malik, G.C. and Goswami, S. (2003). Productivity potential and economic feasibility of sesame (Sesamum indicum) based intercropping system with different planting patterns on rainfed upland. Indian J. Agron. 48 (3): 164-167.
  20. Sinha, K.K.; Mishra, S.S. and Singh, S.J. (1999). Yield and economics as influenced by winter maize based intercropping systems in North Bihar. Indian J. Agron. 44 (1): 30-35.
  21. Tiwari, K.P.; Namdev, K.N.; Tomar, R.K.S. and Raghu, J.S. (1994). Intercropping of sesame (Sesamum indicum) with soybean (Glycine max), green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) and kodomillet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). Indian J. Agron. 39 (3): 455-457.
  22. Tripathi, A.K.; Kumar, A. and Nath, S. (2010). Production potential and monetary advantage of winter maize (Zea mays)-based intercropping systems under irrigated conditions in Central Uttar Pradesh. Indian. J. Agril. Sci. 80 (2): 125-128.
  23. Tripathi, H.N.; Chand, S. and Tripathi, A.K. (2005). Biological and economical feasibility of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) + Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) cropping systems under varying levels of phosphorus. Indian J. Agron. 50 (1): 31–34.
  24. Willey, R.W. (1979). Intercropping-its importance and research needs, Part-I Competition and yield advantages. Field Crop Abstract 32: 1-10. 

Global Footprints