Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 42 issue 5 (october 2019) : 595-602

Frequency of heterotic hybrids in relation to parental genetic divergence and general combining ability in blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]

K.M. Boraiah, M. Byregowda, C.M. Keerthi, H.P. Vijayakumar, S. Ramesh, Mary Reena
1AICRP on Pigeonpea, ZARS, University of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, Bengaluru-560 065, Karnataka, India.
  • Submitted17-07-2017|

  • Accepted15-10-2018|

  • First Online 13-02-2019|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-3916

Cite article:- Boraiah K.M., Byregowda M., Keerthi C.M., Vijayakumar H.P., Ramesh S., Reena Mary (2019). Frequency of heterotic hybrids in relation to parental genetic divergence and general combining ability in blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. Legume Research. 42(5): 595-602. doi: 10.18805/LR-3916.
An investigation was carried out to test the predictability of frequency of heterotic hybrids based on parental gca effects and genetic diversity in blackgram. The 40 F1s effected using 10 lines and 4 testers were evaluated along with their parents for 10 productivity per set raits. The overall gca status (high and low) of each parent and overall sca and heterotic status (high and low) of each hybrid across 10 traits were determined. Based on overall gca status and genetic divergence of parents, the hybrids were grouped into different classes. The hybrids involving parents contrasting for overall gca status and/or those involving parents with intermediate genetic divergence were more frequently heterotic than those involving comparable gca status and with extreme genetic divergence. It is hence, desirable to involve parents with intermediate genetic divergence and contrasting gca effects to recover higher frequencies of heterotic hybrids for productivity per se traits in blackgram. 
  1. Arunachalam V., and Bandyopadhyay, A. (1979). Are multiple cross-multiple pollen hybrids an answer for productive populations in Brassica campestris var. brown sarson? 1. Methods for studying ‘mucromphs’. Theor. Appl. Genet., 54: 203-207
  2. Arunachalam V., and Bandyopadhyay, A. (1984). Limits to genetic divergence for occurrence of heterosis – Experimental evidence from crop plants. Indian J. Genet., 44: 548-554
  3. Arunachalam V, and Owen, A. R. G. (1971). Polymorphisms with linked loci. Chapman and Hall, London.
  4. Arunachalam, V. (1976). Evaluation of diallel crosses by graphical and combining ability methods. Indian J. Genet., 36: 358-366.
  5. Bandyopadhyay, A. and Arunachalam, V. (1980). Are multiple cross-multiple pollen hybrids an answer for productive populations in Brassica campestris var. brown sarson? 2. Evaluation of ‘mucromphs’. Theor. Appl. Genet., 58: 5-10.
  6. Cress, C. E. (1966). Heterosis of the hybrid related to gene frequency differences between two populations. Genetics, 53: 269-274
  7. Durga Prasad, A.V.S. and Murugan, E. (2015). Combining ability analysis for yield and its attributes in Black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). Elect. J. Pl. Breed., 6(2): 417-423.
  8. Falconer, D. S. and Mackay, T. F. C. (1996). Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. Addison Wesley Longman Limited, London, England.
  9. Griffing, B. (1956). A generalised treatment of diallel crosses in quantitative inheritance. Heredity, 10: 31-50
  10. Kachave, G. A., Parde, N.S., Zate, D.K. and Harer, P.N. (2015). Analysis of combining ability in blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Int. J. of Advanced Res., 3(3): 1139-1146.
  11. Keerthi, C.M., Ramesh, S., Byregowda, M., Mohan Rao, A., Vaijayanthi, P.V., Chandrakant, N. and Shivakumar, M. S. (2016). High yielding vs. low yielding testers to identify advanced breeding lines for general combining ability in dolichos bean (lablab purpureus). J. Crop Improv., 30: 95-106.
  12. Kempthorne, O. (1957). An Introduction of Genetics Statistics. The Iowa University Press Amees USA.
  13. Ramesh, S., Sheriff, R. A., Rao, A. M. and Reddy, L. S. S. (2000). Prediction of the frequency of heterotic hybrids based on GCA effects of parents over a number of characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Crop Res., 19 (2): 310-314.
  14. Rao, C. R. (1952). Advanced Statistical Methods in Biometric Research. John Wiley Sons, New York, USA, pp 390
  15. Rao, N. G. P. and Rana, B. S. (1978). Characterization of tropical and temperate sorghums and their utilization. In: Proceedings of National Symposium on Plant and Animal Genetic Resources, New Delhi; pp.28-30.
  16. Roy D. (2000). Plant Breeding-Analysis and Exploitation of Variation. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India: pp.701.
  17. Rao M., Reddy G. L, Kulkarni, R. S., Ramesh S., Reddy, S. S. L. (2004). Prediction of heterosis based on genetic divergence of parents through regression analysis in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia, 27: 51–58.
  18. Salimath, P. M. and Bahl, P. N. (1985). Early generation selection in chickpea III: Predicted and realized gains. Exptl. Genet., 1: 59-62.
  19. Selvam, Y. A. and Elangaimannan, R. (2010). Combining ability analysis for yield and its component traits in Blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper). Elect. J. Pl. Breed, 1: 1386-1391.
  20. Vijaykumar, G., Vanaja, M., Raghu R. R. P., Salini, K., Babu Abraham and Jyothi Lakshmi, N. (2014). Studies on combining ability and genetic advance in blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) under rainfed condition. RRJAAS, 3(3): 14-24. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)