Effect of crop geometry, fertilizer levels and genotypes on growth and yield of fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11247    | Article Id: LR-3456 | Page : 792-796
Citation :- Effect of crop geometry, fertilizer levels and genotypes on growthand yield of fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.) .Legume Research-An International Journal.2016.(39):792-796

S. S. Meena*, R. Meena, R.S. Mehta and R.K. Kakani

Address :

National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Ajmer-305 206, India.

Submitted Date : 29-05-2015
Accepted Date : 9-03-2016


A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2012-13 which consisted of two spacing viz., 30 cm x10 cm (S1), 22 cm x 10 cm (S2) and two fertilizer levels viz., F1- 40:40:20 kg NPK per ha, F2- 50:50:25 kg NPK per ha and three genotypes viz., Ajmer Fenugreek-1 (V1), Ajmer Fenugreek-3 (V2) and Ajmer Fenugreek-4 (V3). The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design with three replications.  Result revealed that significantly higher seed yield (2437.4 kg ha-1), straw yield (3356.8 kg ha-1), biological yield (5794.2 ha-1), net return (Rs.57358 ha-1) and BCR (2.5) were recorded  with sowing at a spacing of 22 cm x 10 cm  as compared to 30 cm x 10 cm spacing but numbers of pods per plant (37.0), seed yield per plant (43.5 g), test weight (16.6 g) and harvest index (41.80) were higher in 30 cm x 10 cm spacing. Irrespective of spacing and genotypes, the application  of 125 percent RDF ( NPK 50:50:25) recorded significantly more pods (40.7) per plant, seed yield (41.9 g) per plant, seed yield (2249.1 kgha-1), straw yield (3094.2 kgha-1), biological yield (5343.2 kgha-1), 1000 seed weight (16.4 g), harvest index (42.07), net return (Rs.51091.0 ha-1) and BCR (2.3) as compared to 100 percent RDF(NPK 40:20:20). Significantly higher number of pods (42.9/pod), seed yield (45.9 g/plant), seed yield (2270.7 kgha-1), straw yield (3066.8 kgha-1), biological yield (5337.4 kgha-1), net return (Rs.51927.0 ha-1) and BCR (2.3) were recorded with AFg-4. Thus, it is inferred that sowing at 22 cm x 10 cm spacing with application of 125 per cent of recommended dose of fertilizer is better for realizing higher yield, net return and BCR.


Crop geometry Fenugreek Fertility Genotypes.


  1. Anonymous, (2012). Vital Agriculture. Statistics, Directorate of Agricultural, Pant Krishi Bhawan, Jaipur (Rajasthan).
  2. Dataram, Verma, J. P. and Ram, D. (2001). Effect of level of phosphorus and potash on the performance of seed crop of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) cv. Pusa Early Bunching. Haryana J. Hort. Sci., 30: 249-250.
  3. Kumar, A. (2004). Standardization of seed production techniques in fenugreek. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Uni. of Agric.Sci. Dharwad (India).
  4. Kumar, M., Sinha, K. K. and Roysherma, R. P. (2004). Effect of organic manure, NPK and boron application on the productivity of french bean in sandy loam soil of North Bihar. Indian J. Pulse Res., 17: 42-44.
  5. Mazumdar, S. N., Moninuzzaman, M., Rahman, S. M. M. and Basak, N. C. (2007). Influence of support systems and spacing on hyacinth bean production in the eastern hilly area of Bangladesh. Leg. Res., 30: 1-9.
  6. Mehta, R.S., Anwer, M.M. and Kakani, R.K. (2012). Yield and profitability of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L) as influenced by irrigation and nutrient levels with varying crop geometry. Legume Res. 35:28-31.
  7. Mehta, R.S., Patel, B.S., Meena, S.S. and Meena, R.S. (2010). Influence of nitrogen, Phosphorus and bio-fertilizers on growth characters and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L). J. Spices and Aromatic Crops. 19 :14-22.
  8. Mohammed, M. A. (1990). Differences in growth, seed yield and chemical constituent’s of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum- graecum L.) plants due to some agricultural treatments. Egyptian J. Agron., 15: 117-123.
  9. Pandey, O. P., Srivastava, B. K. and Singh, M. P. (1996). Effect of spacing and fertility levels on the growth, yield and economics of tomato hybrids. Veg. Sci., 23: 9-15.
  10. Panse, V.G. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1985). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, Fourth Enlarged Edition, ICAR, New Delhi.
  11. Pastucha, B. L. (1992). Effect of spacing on growth, yield and quality of fenugreek. Indian J. Agron. 36 : 215-217.
  12. Prakash, Sharma, R. S. and Singh, B. P. (2002). Effect of phosphorus and row spacing on yield attribute and yield of moth bean cultivars under rainfed conditions. Indian J. Pulse Res., 15: 142-144.
  13. Sharma, S. K. (2000). Response of nitrogen and spacing on fenugreek seed production. Hort. J., 13: 39-42.
  14. Shaikh, A. A. and Kumbhar, S. G. (2005). Effect of sowing dates and spacings on the yield of soybean. J. Maharashtra Agril. Uni. 30 : 238-239.

Global Footprints